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Youth crime definition
The term crime is generally used to define antisocial behaviors typified by law as crimes and that can be related to a deterioration of people’s ability to adapt to the norms established by society;As crime is raised, it is the behavior resulting from the individual’s failure to adapt to the demands of the society in which he lives
The term youth, in this case, can generate confusion, since the laws that regulate the responsibility of minors may vary according to the country in question, so that it should not be understood by its etymological meaning, butwhich must assume from a socio-historical perspective, without entering into allusive youth but taking as a specific reference to adolescence, a period that varies according to the different sources of scientific and psychological studies, but that in general, the11 and 13 years old until age 19.
Youth crime, therefore, can be defined as a set of violations of strong social incidence committed by individuals who have an age lower than that the law of a country determines as criminal responsibility. These are frequent actions that go against what is stipulated by law and good customs established by society. It is a current phenomenon that has negative implications on a social, economic, personal scale, among others, and that harms both the infringing subjects themselves and the surrounding environment.
Studies carried out, indicate that youth crime is derived from both the theory and the legislation that regulates it, being understood as a criminal, to that minor individual commissioner of acts that violate the legally established norms legally. Some authors have defined it as a social phenomenon, constituted by the number of criminal behaviors that young criminals perpetrate, in a certain place and time. Basically, it is assumed that youth crime refers to those behaviors that transge.
Influence of today’s society on youth crime
The youth crime of our times is given as part of the new lifestyles of todayThat children and young people incorporate from an early age to work, excessive competitiveness, the tendency to social marginalization, being many of these subjects considered unable to adapt to the social environment in which they live, it tends to demonize youth, promoting everythingthat, on many occasions, these guys choose to take crime as an alternative of survival.
The society in which it is lived today is incongruous, disorient young people and generates confusion, promoting that they become misfit subjects, victims of discrimination, the rupture of the affective links of families and social helplessness. In such circumstances, adolescents are not always suitable for understanding, accepting and finally inserting themselves into the world that has had to face, lacking ethical principles, affective communication, empathy, etc. pleasure and consumerism.
According to Natras, the youth paradigm is exclusive, because it leaves aside a large part of young people preventing them.
According to this statement, it is necessary. Many of these subjects internally internalize the schemes provided by current society and pursue the development of their identities. Regarding this, investigations carried out since the last century, they have a clear vision that exposes youth as a group or generation valued from the perspective of its integration into society, without recognizing its contradiction with the adult world and with theestablished social order, without the recognition of their status as agents of social change.
Current socializing processes expose young people to deviation and danger, extending from the most industrialized areas to the most precarious corners, involving from the most accommodated families to the lowest resources. For example, maladjustment as a form of deviant behavior, which is manifested through behaviors that transgress the established social norms, is a consequence of the role that society has assumed through its varied forms of exclusion, social dysfunction hasA great influence on the gestation of transgressive behaviors in adolescents and young people today, causing the search by these subjects, compensation in areas that are harmful. This is corroborated in the following statement, youth has lost confidence in the future, in the State and in society. And a youth without a future is a generation that is born dead, without future, without hope. Drugs, alcohol, crime and street vandalism are very expressive symptoms.
The multicausality of the phenomenon of youth crime has been the subject of numerous investigations, however, the influence of society and the role that families play as the first socialization model where basic behaviors are acquired, as well as the role of theschools. Depending on these links, the prosocial or antisocial behavior of the invidividos will be determined to a large extent.
Society of Information
Currently, young people are immersed in an information society, also called knowledge or communication society, where social interaction forms are mediated by the use and consumption of new technologies, establishing a process of transformation that decisively influencesIn the social practices of individuals.
These technologies allow the development of new skills through the different routes of transmission, reception and processing of information where learning is constantly renewing, presenting this as a new challenge that must be assumed responsible. The appearance of new technologies in the mid -1990s meant a great social revolution that guaranteed new forms of communication and access to information that were previously unknown, and provided a new way of building knowledge.
It is young and adolescents who maintain a closer link with these new technologies, since it facilitates the information and involves a new form of interaction, socialization, leisure, etc. available, but offers the possibility of sharing, reproducing them, redistributing them, etc. New skills, favor social relations, the development of creativity, communication and reasoning, etc.
However, these new technologies also bring with them a series of risks and negative factors related to several inappropriate behaviors that adolescents present, such as social isolation, school absenteeism, the appearance of deviated behaviors such as cyberbullying or the commission ofMild and serious crimes. It is important to deepen a little more on this particular topic to achieve a clearer vision of the problem and guide the search for tools and strategies that serve as prevention.
Through the computer, the mobile, and especially through Internet access, a relationship between the subject and the environment that can become harmful based on the way that the use of these resources is assumed is established. Social networks, chats, among others, to the proliferation of information and in many cases, depending on the characteristics of the users, can mean the appearance of new forms of deviated behaviors. Such is the case of harassment crimes as a phenomenon that has taken boom with the support of new technologies. School harassment or abuse has existed since other times, however, in today. The ideal of the Information and Communication Society have made the initial objectives intended be contaminated with new illegal applications of the potentialities they offer. See Year of PDF New forms of violence in knowledge society
The new technologies were conceived in order to access the quality of life of society, aimed at the development of skills. There are studies that show that video games can be used to work the ability to overcome, teamwork, tolerance to failure, concentration, logical reasoning, abstraction capacity or decision making. Other contributions propose that chats improve performance and reading performance;as well as the use of blogs that constitute didactic tools in the educational system, among others. However, according to the aforementioned, this idea of an information society has suffered some deformation regarding the improper use that some people make of these computer resources.
Such is the case of cyberbullying, this is a type of harass. It has as an instrument the new information technologies and according to a study conducted by the National Cybersecurity Institute, most of the minors navigate the Internet without their parents limiting the contents to which they access, which causes this phenomenon to beGive frequent and in various ways, since adolescents lack adequate supervision. Cyberbullying has different modalities depending on the environment, for example, through social networks, through email, through web pages and cell phone.
In general, within the negative consequences of the information society is the tendency towards the commission of deflected crimes or behaviors as part of the risk of the use of new technologies by adolescents. These subjects are sensitive to the moment and the social environment in which they live and as a consequence inappropriate behaviors may appear that are largely caused by the lack of control and improper use of new technologies, affecting much of the life of the life of the life of theperson.
Insufficiency in the transmission of values
At present, the rise of social change has given rise to a system of values whose main determinants are competitiveness and individualism.
Technological advances such as television, transmit values through a process of manipulative and thoughtless imposition that causes us to suffer a process of internationalization of these characteristics that radical and decisively influences the basic features of identity and the will of beings of beingshumans are directed, more and more towards desire and the search for having more as the basis of happiness, considering it as essential values, money, the sense of property and consumption.
Several experts have affirmed that the actions that guide the behavior of an individual are conditioned by the values, so it is of great importance to analyze how the absence of these leads adolescents to bad behavior. There are several socio -educational contexts involved in the transmission of values to children and adolescents, but undoubtedly the most important are the family, as the first core of coexistence of the individual and school. Both one and the other are involved in the formation of subjects with adequate individual and social behavior, with sufficient criteria for the elaboration and achievement of their own life projects, capable of being part of a respectful society.
The value always points to something that transcends us, which is beyond. Value is what makes a thing worthy of being appreciated, desired and sought after, they are, therefore, ideals that always refer to the human being and that this tends to become realities or existence.
The existence of a crisis of values in today’s young people is associated with the lack of commitment of the home that prioritizes other activities to the transmission of values, as well as the failure of educational systems conditioned by a society that is characterized by strong competitivenesswhich causes the search for individual well -being about the collective and the loss of the subject as a social model, making values such as respect, commitment, generosity, honesty, among others, are relegated.
In summary, throughout this section it has been explained that society in the last years has been impacted by an important breakdown of conventional schemes, we pass from an industrial society to a technological revolution, moral values have gone to detriment, hasAffective communication decreased, lifestyle and intrafamily dynamics have been altered, etc., And given such circumstances, it has been caused that our teenagers feel insecure and disoriented.
The lack of empathy and communication, as well as the tendency to rebel attitudes by these individuals, is largely, a consequence of the deep extremely hostile social changes, especially for subjects that are already conditioned by the complex period of personal rehabilitationThat passes them. In another section,
It is necessary to establish a clear commitment to the design of guidelines and the implementation of educational tools, which guarantee the moral and social development of children from an early age, to teach them to live properly and combat the threats of the environmentThat surrounds them. These teachings are transmitted through cooperation and planned and organized participation of all sectors involved, family, school, state and society.