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XX Méxican Revolution and Economics
The Mexican Revolution is one of the first great revolutions of the twentieth century and without a doubt one of the outstanding national and international level has the merit of being recognized as a movement in response to the oppression led by Porfirio Díaz characterized by being a Dictator Government, democratically defeated presidential candidate between 1867 to 1871, manages to reach the Mexican presidency in 1871, seizing it more than 30 years. He was president of Mexico for longer than any other candidate, in the course of his government, impulse industrial development specifically in oil, added to the construction of schools, public works and infrastructure for the country in addition to betting on a different economy that gives Vitality to foreign capital persuading in sectors such as: mines and factories.
However, in his government, all this was worked at the expense of the ethical rights and principles of Mexicans many critics of the Profirio Díaz regime were imprisoned and on certain occasions murdered as the years passed their true intentions, they came to power Through the militia to settle as a totalitarian dictatorship that did not watch over the interests of citizens.
“He was helped by the so -called scientists, a group of technocrats who with rationality sought the country’s economic growth through an export primary economy. The latter was achieved, since growth rates reflected the good moment of the Mexican economy, however, this growth was socially unfair and inequitable, since the polarization of rich, poor and at the same time dominated oligarchs was increased.”(Herzog, Jesús Silva, 1995).
Porfirio Díaz dictatorship
In short, thanks to the dictatorship of Porfirio Díaz that highlights the power of the country to rich exploitative people of the people, especially transforming the Mexican nation into a miserable, conformist people who make a living through the agricultural sector, the workers They were forced to perform their work for long working days for a few cents.
It is important to add that the main trigger for the revolution arises from social inequalities lack of equality and equity between the resources of a whole nation.
“The sovereign capitalist imposes without appeal the working conditions, which are always disastrous for the worker, and he has to accept them for two reasons: because the misery makes him work at any price or because, if he rebels against the abuse of the rich, The dictatorship bayonets are responsible for submitting it.”(Rojas & Armando, 2016)
A Constitution is the reflection of a nation with this I want. As a precedent at general, modern history saw the first constitutions worldwide as a case of the United States in 1787, France in 1791, Cádiz in 1812. These liberal states sought the first exits to the oppressive governments in search of new forms of government from democratic and the protection of the social rights established within the ethical, of the correct and indispensable for coexistence and equity among all citizens of a nation.
“The basis of the Mexican economy was the agricultural sector, which was encouraged by the law of confiscation of rustic and urban farms, civil and ecclesiastical (known as Lerda Law) of 1856, which consisted of the expropriation of land to its old owners, that is, indigenous people, who lost their land in pursuit of their privatization for the state social and economic benefit. ”(Herzog, Jesús Silva, 1995).
The 1910 Revolution was a great social convulsion, detonated by reasons such as injustice, economic inequality added to political unbalance in 30 years prevented posting for a peaceful life. In those days of humiliation, sadness and tragedy, Mexicans lived deeply aggrieved by a government unable to assume democracy in the nation, did not tolerate freedom of expression, the right to political participation the Mexican nation marks the general landscape in the country and without Any doubt is a reason to change the course and history of the Mexican nation by framing its principles and ideals based on democracy to what we can limit in the following appointment the manifestations and dissent come from the people, from the most affected people are Special the working class:
“There were no fundamental transformations of the structures of the State or classes. It also had a strong component of struggles and revolts that emerged from below, by the common people, especially by the peasantry. A social revolution is distinguished from other transformative processes by integral changes, the result of a general insurrection that achieves political, social, economic and cultural transformation. ”(Ciudad & Yacham, 2005)