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World food crisis: its history
To learn more about food sovereignty, it is necessary neoliberals and assume a new perspective, which is able to face an economic and political system marked by an oligarchic format and highly dependent on international markets.
The social movements of the country The United States, and in it to criticize an association agreement between Ecuador and the European Union. According to Brassel in his food sovereignty article, he states: "The concept of food sovereignty was born in the debates of the International Peasant Movement on the impacts of neoliberal globalization on agriculture".
This occurred due to the seizure of economies and the loss of the autonomy of states, which affected the population and especially indigenous people, peasants and farmers, even more hunger and poverty in the world for this The concept food sovereignty as a solution to the problems of hunger and malnutrition in the world.
Today, international organizations such as FAO are committed to the debate on food sovereignty. This, on the one hand, is a sample of the success of the concept and the apparent need to go beyond the complicated existing offers, such as food as a human right and food security. On the other hand, the risk that the concept of food sovereignty is stripped of its confrontant content, and integrated in the "businesses as usual" is present.
"Food sovereignty is a concept that, from the National Constituent Assembly, plays an important role in debates around a new agricultural and commercial policy in Ecuador". For Jonngerden & Ruivenkampen his article cites Icarrid who states that “food sovereignty has become a central concept in peasant movements and civil society organizations that are concerned about agrarian reform and development”.
Food sovereignty has become a topic of great relevance, not only in Ecuador, but worldwide. In our country, by constitutional mandate, it has a double character, it is a strategic objective and obligation of the State, which aims to guarantee communities and peoples, self-sufficiency of healthy, nutritious and culturally appropriate foods for good living.
The right of peoples, communities and countries to define their own agricultural, labor, fishing, food and land policies so that they are ecological, socially and culturally appropriate to their unique circumstances. This includes the true right to food and food production, which means that all peoples have the right to a harmless, nutritious and culturally appropriate food, and resources for food production and the ability to keep themselves and to their societies.
- Brassel, f. (2010). Food Sovereignty Word or novel concept? Redalyc (12), 11-30.
- Hidalgo, f. (October 2009). Food sovereignty, constitution and laws. FLACSOANDES.
- Jonngerden, j., & Ruivenkamp, G. (2010). Food sovereign and the peasant principle. Redalyc, 31-45.
- Morales, l. (2018). Food sovereignty in the constitutional legal framework of Ecuador. Bloodgorio, 76-83.
- Ortega, c., & Rivera Ferre. (2010). International Food Sovereignty Indicators. Ibero-American Ecological Economics, 53-77.