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William Shakespeare and Otelo’s work, the Moor of Venice
The Aoi of the work, Otelo, the Moor of Venice, of the playwright William Shakespeare (1604), has helped me to clarify important points that influenced the writing of the tragedy Otelo Otelo. Among the factors, social aspects are highlighted: such as the stratification of the Italian State, in the period of the Elizabethan Theater (1564-1616), as well as the conception of marriages, which were agreed between families that wanted to maintain relations Endogamics, to preserve the prestige of the surnames. Adding to this a debate was developed about the authorship of Shakespeare’s work.
In the 16th century, society was rooted in social patterns, so Otelo’s race was considering a limitation to achieve promising objectives, however, it did not mean an obstacle to Othello, quite the opposite, it became In a motivation, which would result in the recognition of the population.
Likewise, philosophical aspects were found, where the behavior of man is highlighted as the center of the universe, as well as the pessimism of man and disappointment, in addition, the period the literary movement in which the work takes place is the Baroque from which There are two periods, initially the Baroque was rational, more is later in the late period, when the Baroque style changed, representing irrationality and aesthetic.
Likewise, in the literature the presence of the Moors is also highlighted, where, they were usually externalized as villains or antagonists of the works. But the opposite, it is demonstrated in Shakespeare’s work, which starts the qualities of Otelo, presenting him as a prestigious man and admired by the people.
Continuing with the development of the activity, something that would attract my attention would be the different adaptations that exist of the work. On the one hand there is the adaptation of GLi Hecommithi of the author Cinzio or the adaptation of Verdi. Some differences between these are seen in the evolution of both decisions and attitudes taken by the characters. This is how the belonging of the Otelo work is debatable.
From the activity, I could learn the different aspects that will be important when writing my essay. From the aforementioned, it is highlighted as social, philosophical and literary aspects influenced the author’s decision -making.
Why do we live if we are going to suffer? The work Otelo, the Moor of Venice written by author William Shakespeare in 1604, would be a story that humanity would remember. This was developed in a context where society was divided into three levels: as the leader of this one has the king, followed by the church and the members of it, at the same level the high and low nobility, ending the people are had flat. With respect to the philosophical it developed in the period where the search for the identity of man was the most outstanding.
In the work, the protagonist stands out due to the achievements, plus the racial aspect prevents it from prospering, in addition to driving irrational decision -making, it is extracted that society is highlighted in the work Othello, because This is the one that often conditions the role of the protagonist and its relationships.
In the essay, three arguments will be developed that will answer the question: How Yago and Otelo represent the conflict of the individual-society? The first argument will focus on the breed of Otelo, by which the protagonist is rejected in society, on the other hand this is an impulse for him to achieve his objectives; As a second argument we will focus on Otelo’s marriage with DESDEMONA, which had been kidnapped, this being a fact criticized by society towards the family of desdemone as well as towards Otelo; And finally as a third argument the perspective of society will be taken into account in relation to the "supposed" infidelity committed by DESDÉMONA.
To begin, it is believed that the rejection of society by the racial nature of Otelo, generates overcoming in the protagonist that is reflected in the admiration of the characters. Otelo felt submission to belong to a lower race such as the Moors, since society perceived it, with respect to the literary context the Moors were presented as antagonistic characters: “In fact, white criminals did not conceive and much less, noble, noble. In his vision, all the evils were black or another variety of Moors and all the blacks were bad ”(Lifshitz, 2017), however, Shakespeare was the first author who presented a Moor as a main character, which despite the limitations of its race, manages to build a consistent identity. From philosophy this consistent identity is formed: “The maximum good is to achieve the acceptance and recognition of others, while the greatest evil would be to harvest their mockery or contempt.”(Osborne, 2016, P.135-137), that is why the individual Otelo manages to form a consistent identity by gaining recognitions that make society admire and need it, as Cassio refers: “Great Jupiter, protects Otelo and swells his Velan with your own Powerful breath, so that this beach honors with its gallant ship, (…), that unfounds renewed fire in our extinct courage and bring comfort to all Cyprus!”(Shakespeare, 2015, P.65). This is that the use of hyperboles is identified, which intensify the respect that Cassio referred to Otelo. The rejection of society causes in the protagonist the self-realization, which has been formed with the achievements that it has obtained. Therefore, Osborne’s philosophy is reflected in the construction of the consistent identity of Otelo, who, when achieving victories and recognitions, intends to be the man that the city of Cyprus needs.
Second, social pressure does not limit the feelings of the Othello towards DESDEMONA. The social strata in the context of the work were entrenched, in the case of women she was: “An instrument of politics, used to establish alliances with other families, achieve relationships and treaties; In short, being at the service of man’s interest, be it her husband, father, brother ”(Santonja, 2015) and desdemone would not be the exception, Babancio, father of Desdemone, was a wealthy man belonging to one of the upper social classes of Cyprus, which would not allow the union of his daughter with the Moor to whom he described disparagingly:
“It is possible that a virgin so tender, so beautiful and so blissful, so opposite to marriage, that he dodged the richest and most handsome gallants of our nation, would ever incur the general mockery, escaping from the paternal guardianship to go to take refuge in The denagrid sinus of a being as you ”(Shakespeare, 2015, p.36)
Therefore, the society criticizes that union, but this does not boost the breakdown of that relationship, although it is true that Brabancio’s words manage. Society did not accept the relationship between Otelo and DESDÉMONA for the race, the recognitions were the reasons why it succeeds in society.
Thirdly, Otelo’s love for Desdemon is not stronger than the obfuscation of society. For 16th -century society according to Basaglia and Lagarde (cited by Yáñez, 2014), he says: “Men usually have greater social freedom to get involved in sexual adventures, (…) women the socialization processes affect a subjectivity linked to the desire to live and be for others ”(P.25), to the desdemone to be qualified as unfaithful, break that security of Otelo, when Otelo was with desdemone, he was sure who can face any conflicts. “Oh, joy of my soul! If all the storms happen, such as this blows the winds until death wake up!”(Shakespeare, 2015, P.75), on the other hand, when the conflict begins where the antagonist of history is involved, Otelo’s security is declining until he stops trusting what he took as his inspiration: “Oh woman perjura! You change my heart in stone, and you will make me commit a murder, (…) ”(Shakespeare, 2015, p.206). Society complies with cultural patterns rigidly, which Otelo takes into account. By speculating the infidelity of desdemone, Otelo has two options: forgive it unconditionally, leaving aside the criticisms of society, which would result in the loss of prestige won or comply with what the royal society. The company manages to greatly influence the decision of Otelo which implied the murder of DESDÉMONA, it had managed to manipulate Otelo so that he manages to create an identity that is accepted for society, which would be difficult to lose it.
Finally, it is believed that the main character during the narrative managed to create an identity, by which society would recognize it; On the other hand, Yago represents society which demonstrates a different face when it is located or not. Both characters are an important part of the work because they represent the Italian society of the 16th century. The rejection of society promotes in the protagonist to look at adversity from a constructive perspective, which, instead of being submissive, demonstrates society to assume charges and be able to gain recognition. Otelo builds an identity which would be accepted by society. On the other hand, the marriage of Otelo and Desdemona demonstrates the breakdown of social patterns; This is that society shows its opposition plus recognitions would be the factor by which society accepts this immoral relationship. However, society fulfills an important role, although it is true that society had attempts to manipulate Otelo’s decisions this manages to overcome them from recognitions, more when manipulations break the trust between desdemone and Othello, manipulations manage to specify Its effect, thus contributing the tragic end of the work.
From my point of view, the work shows how society influences the decision of the protagonist, although it is true that on two occasions Otelo could dodge the oppression of society, when this oppression focuses on the daily life of the character, irrationality of man is present, destroying even the person who said so much to love, thus representing the murder of DESDEMONA.
- Shakespeare, w. (2015). Otelo, the Moor of Venice. Madrid, Spain: Editorial Alliance.
- Lifshitz, a. (2017). Otelo. Erroneous diagnosis metaphor. Internal Medicine of Mexico, 33 (1).
- Osborne, e. (2016) The sense of human existence, translation of Xavier Gaillard Pla, Gedisa, Barcelona, 2016, pp. 135-137
- Santonja, p. (2015). Notebooks for Hispanic Literature Research. Spain: Spanish University Foundation.
- Yañez, k. (2014). Experiences and meanings of female infidelity. Ibero-American Psychology, 22 (2), 25-35.