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Tokugawa Shogunato and contacts with Mexico
The first friendship contacts between Japan and Japan occurred with the sinking of San Francisco’s galleon in Iwawada (today’s onjuku) when Philippines returned to New Spain on September 30, 1609. When the galeon crew received help from the people of this Japanese city. As a result, 317 crew members of 376 cruise passengers were saved. The Japanese ruler of the time, Shogunato Tokugawa Ieyasu, ordered former British sailor William Adams to provide new Mexicans with a new ship called San Buenaventura, with which they could return to New Spain for almost a year on January 23.
October 1610. The Japanese, the Spaniards and New Spain were carried out in the Philippines before 1609. Incidents such as the execution of Felipe de Jesús, originally from New Spain, took place in 1596 and 25 Catholic missionaries in Nagasaki, the sinking of San Francisco. He led to the first direct negotiation between a senior official in New Spain and the governor of the Philippines at that time, Rodrigo de Vivero and Aberruza, with Tokugawa Shogunate Ieyasu, then Supreme Rulers of Japan. In their meeting, they tried to create a framework for mutually beneficial economic relations and political relations.
Despite this promising beginning, the attempt to establish a profitable relationship was frustrated because the Spanish crown did not want to ratify the contract (capitulations) negotiated between Rodrigo de Vivero and El Shogun. The first Japanese visitors arrived in Mexico in 1610, originally, only Rodrigo de Vivero was back. In 1614, Hasekura Tsunenaga arrived in Acapulco with 60 samurais and 130 merchants sent by the Catholic Lady of Masamune Date, lord of the Sendai region. Hasekura, who had become the Catholic religion, had the task of convincing the king of Spain and the Pope to authorize the sending of new Franciscan friars from New Spain to Japan, but his mission failed.
In the years that followed, disagreements about religious origin led to the expulsion of all Spaniards and new Mexicans from the Japanese territory and, in 1638, to the shogun’s decision to finish all contacts with all of them. European powers, except for the Netherlands. For a long time, Japan and New Spain did not want to establish diplomatic relations, or direct exchanges, or communication. However, this does not mean that all contacts have broken. Commercial and personal contacts have lasted centuries in China and the Philippines. Japanese products such as textiles, screens and artifacts have occasionally reached New Spain.
They have been transported to the galleon of Acapulco in Manila. As in other Asian countries, the use of Mexican silver coins in Japan extended for several centuries. In 1732, a book about the Japanese language was published in Mexico City. Recent studies also show that some Japanese who traveled with Rodrigo de Vivero and Hasekura remained in New Spain. Probably other Japanese converted to Catholicism with Christian names arrived in New Spain through the Philippines during the long isolation period of Japan. Official contacts will resume until the nineteenth century after the restoration of Meiji in Japan and the independence of Mexico.