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The story the circular ruins and the relationship between man and knowledge
In the story the Borges circular ruins introduces us to the stranger who intends to dream of a man. So, the story presents an imaginary relationship of man with knowledge, since, despite referring to space, he considers that dreams are giving him the knowledge he can acquire in the experience, such as when he relates to the students. In fact, the real tries to transfer him to his dreams: "I was looking for a soul that deserved to participate in the universe" (Borges, 1944, p.59)
The man created from dreams is an imaginary intuition structure, a work that is generated through fire and sleep, but what would happen if Demiurge himself, as a creator, was the result of another dreamer. The same is considered Woolf because when he is in his room and draws a man, he refers to dreams as a free activity, in which dreams understood as an internal truth rise to the surface.
In this sense, the relationship of man with knowledge would be enigmatic, such as the compendium of the circular ruins where the stranger is. Also in the Babylon Lottery a link is described where chance replaces a definitive choice in the legislative elections of this ancient city. So, with this he implies that existence itself is a game of hazards and that is why no one can rise to it.
The relationship of Babylonians with mathematical knowledge that is why: “Babylonian is not speculative. Act the chance opinions, give them their life, their hope, their terror panic, but it does not occur to investigate their labyrinct laws, nor the rotating spheres that reveal it ”(Borges, 1944, p.72). Therefore, the very phenomena of the planet would be caused by the rotating spheres to which it refers and therefore the Babylonian would actually be the rational and modern man.
In the Babel library a reality appears that has been written, this is the world is a library with countless collections that seem to contain everything that can be written and thinking. In this way, man’s relationship with knowledge is more utilitarian, because he finds in the books an unexplored treasure. In this story he speaks of a human faculty to interpret different combinations of words.
In verbal structures and variations that make possible the signs of spelling this library is distributed, but here it is possible to ask if: Does reality and with it can be determined through words? The same, it seems to Kafka in some of his stories, where he refers to epistolary exchanges, as in the conviction, where he finds out about the situation of his friend refugee in Russia by this medium. In this case, knowledge is understood as a writing.
Everything he knows about his friend tells his father through letters, without even imagining that there is a physical reference which he writes the letters. From the vision of Borges, books can not only root the knowledge of the world, but as in their story the garden of trails that bifurcan the books are labyrinths with multiple combinations, to this extent they become endless, as corroborated TS ‘corroborates it’ui pen.
For this story, it should be noted that the complexity of reality, then, while the book with labyrinth qualities, would have to be an incomplete image of the universe as its author conceived, this rules out other options by devising or when things happen. In history, there are other realities and that not all are true, although they are possible.
Then, knowledge would be incongruous, because all versions would never meet, although this Argentine writer does not mention that all realities are complementary. In Kafka’s story before the law, the possibility of a parallel world also opens, because the guard that is at the door and that prevents the entrance of the country man, could not have been stopped at that time, leaving traffic free.
Because when it desists and is about to reject this task, the guard leaves, simply closing the door. So, maybe nobody was before in this place. By chance he found him, although otherwise he would have also been left. Then, knowledge is for man something superfluous, but at the same time very necessary, it can be taken lightly, and not seeking entry into the law, not looking for the labyrinthine book, but these tasks are simply indispensable.
In the characters of these stories, reality as experiences would not be knowledge, that is, the truth is not indispensable. It only becomes an interesting element in Borges stories that has a mystical quality. Conceives reality as a cluster of random events that are inexplicable, but that can present a symbolic meaning.
As the crimes that are happening almost cabalisticly, where Lonrot has to decipher, symmetrical deaths referred to the place of crime, but at the beginning when he tries to do theory about it: “I will replicate that reality can do without thatobligation, but not the hypotheses ”(Borges 1944, P.159). This means that when the facts were deduced, for an detective exercise as in the story death and compass knowledge never returns to something exact.
Thus, this story highlights an exact use of numerology, all events are chained by a common number. Schalach provides the function of many archaeologists by deciphering the mystery of deaths at the same time that, bases their participation in the same crimes. As these detectives were men with intellect, who seek to decipher the true essence of the world, so they present intellectual qualities, such as seeing geometric figures in heaven.
This shows that, Borges is talking to us that the act of knowing, stops in many ways to investigate a murder, where there is a third element, he says a triangle geometrically speaking would be the referent of knowledge. And, the issue that has been appearing, in addition to the labyrinth as an overwhelming element for intelligence, as a practical way to see things.
That is, if human understanding did not have the ability to catch ways in reality, then, one could not dream of what has been experienced, nor could the infinite quality be related in a book. This compendium of stories is illustrative because, not only maintains the main thesis that imagination and free creation has a place in knowledge, but also puts it into practice and approves with its readings.
In the story the south reuses the sleep resource, because what Dahlmann Lee in Weil’s book also leads to his dreams, this demonstrates the ability of the man we had stressed. In addition, it distinguishes the reality that is lived with that of animals, because the cat that lies asleep is in a certain way by participating in another reality.
That is why he says that: "Man lives in time, in succession, and the magical animal, at present, in the eternity of the moment" (Borges, 1944, p.214). As the text progresses, time is the aspect of knowledge in the character appears as a matter of experience, because as he faces a new challenge he calls into question his preceding knowledge.