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The society of distrust and human behavior
In the present work aims to address the term distrust and how this influences society, distrust is a negative emotion, which implies insecurity about the future actions of another person. It is opposed to trust, which consists in believing a hypothesis that is expected without uncertainties, that is, having the assurance that something happens as expected, or someone acts in a certain way.
Distrust of making us see what does not exist is a great enemy in our social relationships. Aristotle said: virtue is in the middle term the key is balance, trusting oneself without believing blindly in someone we just met, but either by feeding distrust about that prevents us from meeting other people and being happy. (2014, page. 10)
In this regard, Elias (1987: 485) says: “When the structures of social functions allow the individual to act under the influence of momentary impulses to a greater extent than in court, it is not necessary or possible to deal in a detailed way of the structure of the structure of the structure of the structure of thethe conscience and personal emotions of others or the hidden reasons or the calculations that underlie their behavior ”. It is observed how, from the individual instances subsequently determined by the group’s participation, the other is rejected.
When the individual joins an intragroup, by definition, it inevitably leads to the perception of an extra-group and as Elias said, the subject will act at the blow of impulse and, over time, will end up being a normalized and thoughtless modus operandiWithout prior assessment of his actions, he is denying any participation of the other and rejecting the other’s passage to his space.
In this line of analysis, identify is classifying, and that classification is subject to a labeling of society components. In the classification not everything has to really be negative or rejection, a person can perfectly be labeling a group of individuals within a certain category, but without reaching the point of rejection. It should not be forgotten that, in every encounter between two individuals, there is a quadruple cultural identification: the one I make of me and the one I do from the other, plus the other two that the other does (of himself and me).
The problem raised within this observation line lies in a series of variables involved in the process, however, it follows that the "environment" turns out to be an important attribute for the acceptance or rejection of the other. And we observe a double direction: how I perceive my "I" within my universe and how this affects the reception of the "other" within my space.
Within the society of distrust we can point out the theory of label and the network. These two positions help to understand how distrust of society influences. In our society, social media are decisive in the formation of public opinion that conditions the political decision. The global communication is being altered and modified by the web, the largest media on the planet.
At the same time these are used in a way that they sell the information to the interests of the great elites. The network society is a global society. But this does not mean that all people in the world are in these global networks but that these people are affected by the processes that take place in the networks of the dominant structures. This is because daily activities are governed by global networks: the financial market, science, technology, media, culture.
The origin of the concept of Network Society is the result of the interaction of three independent processes in origin that were the crisis of industrialism, the birth of social movements oriented to freedom and the revolution of information and communication technologies made it made thatA new form of social organization arises that is the network society since now the information, the bodies, the minds and the production material could be related globally and local and in real time in the same interactive network. Networks make up a very efficient organizational structure due to their flexibility, adaptability and survival capacity.
At present, we have a lot of information that comes to us through different media, among which we find the most traditional, such as the press, and the most novel, such as television, internet, etc. However, a large part of that information is subjective, that is, the media manipulate the information to make it reach the way they want. This may be due to political, social, etc. In addition, through the media you can not only get distorted information, but also false information. According to (Manuel Castells, 2010), the network society has defined as the new social structure of the information era, based on production, power and experience networks.
The theory of social reaction, theory of labeling or theory of labeling is one of the microsociological theories of the sociology of the deviation developed during the 1960s and 1970s that postulates, in relation to the theories of social relations, that the deviationIt is not inherent in the concrete act but is a manifestation of the social majority that negatively qualifies or labels the behaviors of minorities by deviating from the standardized cultural norms of the majority.
The labeling theory defends that the deviation is not inherent in an act, but that the tendency of the majorities is shown to the negative or labeling of minorities that are seen as a standard deviation of cultural and social norms. The theory refers to how the identity and behavior of individuals can be determined or influenced by the terms used to describe or classify such behavior, and is associated with the concept of a prophecy that is fulfilled and with stereotypes.
The deviation is not a quality of the action committed but the consequence of the application by other rules and sanctions. The deviant is someone who the label has been successfully placed;Devised behavior is the behavior labeled by people. (Martinez, 2012).
One of the fundamental contributions of this theory is the distinction between primary and secondary deviation made by Edwin Lemert. Within the primary, the breaches of the norms that do not feel diverted to those who commit it would be framed, nor is it seen by others. Inside the high school would be the breaches that change the conception that others have of the author, labeling it as deviant. This labeling will cause the author to reorganize the perception of himself assuming the new definition that others give of him.
At present, the distrust society refers to how the own identity and behavior of individuals can be determined or influenced by the terms used to describe or qualify said behavior that are associated with the concept of stereotypes .
- Aristotle. (December 15, 2014). The virtue and its midpoint. Obtained from the Great Ethics, Aristotle: https: // rationltda.WordPress.com/2014/12/15/Aristoteles-La-Virud-Y-Su-Punto-Medio/
- Manuel Castells . (2010). Network and Transformation Society: Towards an evolution of the consciousness of organizations. Redalyc.com, 15.
- Martinez. (November 15, 2012). Influence and Social Change II. Obtained from labeling theory: http: // uami-influence ycambiosocialii.Blogspot.com/2012/11/theory-of-stage.HTML