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The Roman army: the conquests
This empire arises after the Roman Republic, being based on the idea of not letting power again that Aurelio implanted in the 1st century.C, if not granted to those who deserve it (which was not fulfilled), which generated a mode of autocratic government. The Romans, already had the notion that the whole earth or all the known belonged to them and that is why they had already undertaken the conquest of the world, being that, since before the birth of the empire as such.
They controlled much of the European continent and completely dominated the Mediterranean Sea and its surroundings, with what upon arrival of the Empire, this expansion is resumed, seeking to maintain and enlarge the strength of Rome, a city that sought to imitate where their camps were installedAnd then cities, thus getting to the maximum expansion of the Roman Limes thanks to the Emperator Trajan’s imperum.
Understanding the Empire from Caledonia in the British islands in its northern Limes to Sahara in the South Limes, while the West Limes of the Empire was located at the limit of the world, Gibraltar, where Hercules proclaimed him Non Plus Ultra, the place whereThey ended their world and that they did not go through, but later empires yes. On the east border, were the Persian Gulf, the Red Sea and the Caspian.
The conquests that were made in republican times have their great beginning with the defeat of their greatest enemy, the people of the Carthaginians, Carthage, who after the Punic wars led Rome to open their vision regarding the new peoples and territories to conquer,Finally leaving the scope of the Italian Peninsula and beginning to increase its limps throughout the Mediterranean and the rest of the continent.
These limits were created not only according to the land they managed to conquer, but also took advantage of natural borders to protect themselves thanks to them, since many limps are found in large rivers, rocky rocky, mountains, seas … however, this did not always happenThus, in conflictive areas such as Germania, they were created with forts and pits to maintain their advance in the barbaric tribes, establishing in this, as well as in other conquered territories, camps or castrum that would later occupy war veterans and morelate cities would be formed in them.
Which would be organized in provinces and dominated by the praetors or consuls, who were below the emperor and owed the full pleitesy. These, as he would later be the emperor, were not appointed by inheritance, but his position was elective, so that every year new praetors and consuls were named that in turn left another lower range, the senators, thus showing theGreat political organization of Rome.
It happens then, that, at the end of the Republic, with such a number of territory conquered, governing on it is a complicated task, occurring that the Roman Senate (composed of the important men of Rome, who are unable to agree on the takingof decisions) creates with its inefficiency and slow an lack of control. It also arises the importance of military merits and more and more of them seekCésar, who conquered Gaul and won the weak and ineffective Senate.
After this, with the confrontation (civil war) that he had against Pompey (with whom he shared power through triumvirate) and the Senate, Julio César would be appointed life dictator of the Republic, which caused a negative reaction by theConservative Senate Sector who believed that the monarchy would establish again, then killing César through a conspiracy.
His long occupation of the power of the Republic and his death leaves a trace of civil wars that would end the Republic made and implementing as such the political system of the Roman Empire that César generated, because after the civil wars it was his followers who were imposedIn power, as was Octavio, who from that moment would impose the name of César as a common name to all the following emperors after him, being that not only this name would be common for all emperors, but at his death, heI would have everyone as divinities.
The concept of Imperium Romanum, from which the name we currently use comes, comes to mean "the domain of the Romans", being that they took themselves as a superior people created, favored and descendant of the gods, which, which, which, which, which, which, which, which, which, which, which, which, which, which, which, which, which, which, which, which, which, which, which, which, which, which, whichFrom Augusto, it is reflected in the figure of the emperor, who is not only the civil and military governor, but has a divine facet that deifies him when he dies.
Thanks to Augusto, with his return from Egypt (having made this a Roman province) the imperial political system is implanted throughout Rome, which still maintains certain republican forms, but has important reforms regarding the political and cultural unity based on theMediterranean countries, which remained until Dioclecian power came to power.
In whose mandate the Roman Empire Bast had already begun to crumble and had to try to end this dividing it in the year 287 between the Eastern Eastern and the Empire of the West to try to exercise a more unified power over it, because such a numberFrom territory it was almost impossible to manage, then emerging the vision that the emperors were personifications of the goddess Jupiter and Hercules.
This happened in an irregular way and this division was not maintained correctly after the death of both, because by it there were numerous civil wars of those who sought to increase their power reunifying it again, usurping and dividing it among their children, which continued until deathFrom Theodosius I the Great, who was the last great Roman emperor, that is, the last one who ruled the empire unified, after which he separated again in the year 395 and did not join again.
The two empires were developed separately, but while the Eastern East (Byzantine Empire) prospered, the Empire of the West did not last long after the final separation between them, being that in the year 476, a barbarian, odoacro, deposes the emperorRómulo Augusto, with what is proceeded by the Senate to transfer the imperial badges to the capital of the Eastern Eastern, Constantinople. The Roman Empire will leave the most important imperial legacy in Europe, with what hereafter from its fall, its attempts of restoration or imitation would be numerous, not fully achieving any of them so fully.