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The role of power in leadership
Power as such, can be defined as the ability or skill that an individual possesses to exercise command in any aspect of daily life, this is done with the purpose of direct obtaining of some objective that is obtained for the net benefit of a person or a social group. It is transcendent to emphasize that the power, its types and its characteristics that make it up, this aspect becomes something fundamental for leadership, since a leader must possess these peculiarities that are essential because they will later help him in any field labor in which it develops within the labor sector.
The power for the development of this reflection article is understood as the action that is exerted on human beings by human beings, since we could talk about the exercise of power on dead matter or non -human forms of life. It is necessary to mention that the fundamental human sciences identified a long time ago that the human being is a being of subjectivity and symbols; His behaviors, his sense of belonging to other actors, his promises, his affections, etc., The lesson that these sciences give is that very little is manipulated externally and much depends on the coherence between concrete material life and representational symbolic life, as interdependent elements of a whole.
A clear representation that evidences the ideas expressed by Mauss in order to explanation to the behavior of human groups and that serves as an introduction to a vision of the meaning of power, is what is presented in Sigmund Freud’s totem and taboo. Where the totem is considered by the clan as a protective spirit and its benefactor, the individuals who have the same totem are subjected to the obligation to respect it and not take advantage of it in any way.
For Russell, the power over human beings can be classified by the way in which individuals are influenced, in this sense, it states: ‘An individual can be influenced by direct physical power over his body, by rewards and punishments used as incentives and for the influence on opinion.
Relations between areas of knowledge and gender lead the organization of power in academy. The sources of academic power, as multidimensional that they are, are related to the area of knowledge supported by a person, that is, with a “knowledge converted into curricular capital, currency translatable into greater possibilities of professional promotion, greater social recognition and greater prize Money.
The first indicator, the power accumulated by tradition, has been incorporated into the social action of professions as an ideology and according to the value of change framed in singularity postulates, because among them “the power rather than repress produces reality and more than ideologizing , rather than abstracting or hiding produces truth ".
The second indicator, the spatial organization, has caused differentiations within each institution in a horizontal and vertical sense. Thus as the system expanded, places were instituted for the teaching staff in charge of the distribution of university functions, and the property over them.
The third indicator, the temporary organization, has accentuated control over professional studies and on the academic career scheduled by the durations. In this way, they are institutionalized, with the endorsement of legality, the social separation of male knowledge by poor female access.
Therefore, the power can be defined in multiple ways based on what each author of the story professes, however everyone reaches the same point that is the significant relevance that this has in various fields of daily life, in addition that the Influence it has, it is unmatched leading to such a degree of playing a dominant role in a company, whatever the position that the human being occupies, without power, common objectives are not achieved or key agreements are reached for a good business environment.
- Board, r. (1994). The psychoanalysis of organizations: a psychoanalytic approach to behavior in groups and organizations. Mexico: Paidós.
- Deleuze, g. (1991).Foucault. Mexico: Paidós.
- Garcia, o. (2009). The concept of power and its interpretation from the perspective of power in organizations. Management Studies. Recovered from: http: // www.Scielo.org.CO/SCIELO.PHP?script = sci_arttext & pid = s0123-592320090001004.
- Mockus, a.(nineteen ninety five). The Mission of the University. Bogotá, Colombia: National University of Colombia.
- Múnevar, d. (2004). Power and gender in academic work. Bogotá, Colombia: National University of Colombia.
- Russell, b. (1968). Power in men and villages. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Losada.