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The reality of Haitian immigrants
Haitians in Chile, Senegalese in Argentina, what happens? One of the reasons why this issue represented a personal interest, was the fact of not having close examples of inclusion and intercultural processes where the language is a determining factor, since the vast majority of migrant communities in South America are from countriesSpanish speaking with differences in the dialect, basically. The situation of gypsies or Syrians in Spain, is a reality that we do not understand in all its complexity.
Faced with what happens with Haitian migration in Chile, we consider the investigation of other similar realities in the continent, that is, a country receiving a community whose language, ethnicity and culture are different. Thus, we find Senegalese migration in Argentina, a country where, as in Chile, Afro -descendant cultures are alien to the native, to the point of rejection and contempt. Senegal is a country located in West Africa and the migration of its people towards America dates from 1990 intensifying in 2000.
However, the existing documentation refers to the first black slaves income in Argentina in 1585. At the end of the S. XVIII The inhabitants of African descent represented 25% of the total population of Buenos Aires. Since then, local diseases, but mainly a continuous miscegenation process has reduced the Afro -Argentine population by 2%. The strategy of the Afro -descendant population to integrate into the social structure is known as Argentinization that consists of the invisibility or acculturation of the African origin.
From the arrival of the Senegalese it is when a change begins to make visible the existing African roots in the south of the American continent. This coexistence process has not been exempt from racism and xenophobia. Most Senegalese migrants entered the country irregularly with the image of a white country away from European racism. Through organized networks established by the first migrants settled in Brazil they arrive without documentation to work immediately and informally after crossing the Brazilian-Argentina border.
This is one of the causes of resistance by Argentine governments and citizens in general. In the case of Chile, its borders and their political history play a fundamental role in the way of seeing African -American culture. As we had already mentioned, Chile was in conflict with Peru and Bolivia during the Pacific War and when defining the borders we know now, many families changed their nationality from Peruvian or Bolivian to Chilean. According to stories of the time, the complexity of the passage through those extensive desert territories and the shelter of the hills.
Many Quechua and Aymara peoples maintained the purity of blood, their intact -native beliefs, traditions, traditions and languagesThey settled in these lands and formed their families generating miscegenation full of contrasts between region and region. Meanwhile, the Nortine communities gradually strengthened their ties with neighboring countries, who were in their imaginary and reality, much closer.
Therefore, and mainly the Afro-Peruvian inheritance has been strengthened in northern Chile by merging with the cachimbo, chumbeque and religious celebrations of the Virgen de la Tirana. For some years now, several particular and public initiatives have been considered to strengthen and make Afro -chilence visible and with it, a fact that is undeniable: in the foundations of Chilean culture is multiculturalism as a binder element. Even today you can represent a taboo to talk about Afrohilene or Afroargentino.
At this point, if we talk about the presence of Afro-descendant communities in America, we should also talk about the Master-Sclavic relationship and the understanding of these concepts in contemporaneity, since the syncretism of the Afro peoples in America had its origin in slavery. It was the philosopher Hegel who from the s. XIX made his observations on the dynamics of the Lord/Servant relationship, master/slave and how he was just Haiti the country that revealed the development of a whole thought around the uprising and revolution of slaves as a questioning of power of power.
The slave becomes aware, through this new discovery of himself, having and being a ‘self-awareness’. It is interesting to bring up these ideas of Hegel who from these reflections also tells us about the search for freedom even at the cost of life itself. Before the unworthy American and almost extinct American by European conquerors, it was the Africans who knew slavery from Christ. Egypt, a rich and dazzling empire erected its great temples, tombs and monuments of their gods about the lives of thousands of slaves.
In the way in which we know the history of humanity, we can understand why freedom is one of its most precious universal values. In the spirit of Africa there is the search for sovereignty and freedom. Migration begins from nomadism and grazing. Migration is part of the landscape and the survival of species, therefore, human mobility is in the origins of all African nations. Earthquake, emergency that leads to new destinations. Chile, the promised land of the South.
The earthquake of January 12, 2010, was the largest registered in the country and had its epicenter in port prince. Left behind him, a deeply painful footprint in Haiti. In this regard, in the US. UU. immediate measures were taken and the deportation of illegal Haitians stopped. On this occasion the bilateral relations of the EE. UU. and Canada with Haiti were no longer focused on regular migration of Haitians in their countries, but on the generation of humanitarian aid to work on the island urgently. From the US Embassy. UU. In Haiti a disaster statement was issued.
And use the agency responsible for responding to disaster. The US government. UU established the coordination of search and rescue efforts, as well as the evaluation of damages. It is likely that the Haitian population has focused on getting ahead in countries in southern contine. When we talk about humanitarian aid in favor of Haiti, many questions arise about the true intentions behind.
It is suggested that the US intervention. UU. It has co -seated part of Haiti’s domestic market and production chains. Many wonder if it is not once more about an episode of Porn-Miseria, of a business that is cohesive after the show in the middle of the tragedy. There is talk of a help imposed on Haiti, which of course is not free. After the earthquake, there was an entire deployment of humanitarian, religious, ecological, medical, international programs, of the United Nations and others. All this with great media coverage that bothers.
According to photographer Daniel Morel, mass help comes every day. A huge cargo plane lands every 15 minutes at the airport. What happened to that help? (Gogol) It seems that it was a game or the construction of an image that manipulates the truth in the hands of the media. An over -reliance for visible help, rather than execute it and this is an aspect that has also generated internal ideological divisions. For its part, Chile is one of Haiti’s friends who have actively contributed in the disaster zone for the reconstruction of educational and health infrastructure.
Also, he collaborates with initiatives to promote agricultural productivity, the main economic activity of the Haitian population. An example of this is a sustainable development project that has been generated as part of alliances between the two countries. “The objective of the same is to cooperate with the peasant family agricultural production in the areas of Limonade (to the north of the country) and Kenskoff (in the vicinity of Puerto Príncipe), and contribute to improving food and nutrition through the formation of the formation ofpeasants and professionals ".
This is an initiative that for 2011, already trained dozens of professionals and agricultural technicians. The next stage of this project involves the food industry and the distribution of the production of small entrepreneurs. Another aspect in which the Chilean intervention in Haiti has contributed is in the training and training of the National Police of Haiti. Chile provides PNH, scholarships provided by Carabineros de Chile and the Investigation Police.