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The real need to prohibit euthanasia in Latin America
According to Bonete Perales in his book “Free to die?”We can define euthanasia as the act of a doctor or health personnel who, through the request of a patient who is suffering an incurable disease, accelerates the death of the same (Bonete Perales, 2012) . In this essay we will play the issue of euthanasia and its prohibition in several Latin American countries during the years 2004 to 2010. As a sample of the subject we can say that in the Republic of Ecuador eutagy practices are strictly prohibited. In the Republic of Colombia several laws of that country vetan euthanasia to the point of satanizing it. In the United Mexican States, the intervention of third parties in behaviors that threaten human life are highly punishable. Religion and its ethical and moral premises have caused that in Argentina euthanasia be poorly seen and stigmatized. Therefore, we must analyze the different social implications, which cover this issue, as well as its benefits and consequences for the Latin American population.
In the Republic of Ecuador, eutagy practices are prohibited by different legal texts, in addition to being very little spoken and censored. In the Organic Integral Code of Ecuador, article 454, established in 2002, says that any person who helps to end the life of another will be creditor to a punishment of four to five years in prison, so that it is considered in theEcuador to euthanasia as fear of practicing and talking about it. In the Code of Ecuadorian Medical Ethics of the year 1993 that is currently in force, Chapter XXII called “euthanasia” articles 90, 91 and 92 are ruled, which refer to no health professional, whether a public worker or public worker orPrivate, it is in the power to accelerate the life of any human being since it goes against the fundamental principles of any doctor, as well as the Hippocratic oath, the above said euthanasia is not common among human beings, but for what it isIn the animal character, it is practiced in cases that the being suffers from some incurable disease, accident, or some reason that does not allow you to continue living.
In 2016 the Ecuadorian Constitution establishes on “decent death”. The newspaper La Hora, on Friday, April 5, 2019, on page B6, brings a headline "arrested for helping to die to his wife";And mention the following, in summary. "Ángel Hernández, arrested, for sub -administered a substance that helps to die to his wife, who suffered a terminal disease," and he mentions in a safe and convincing way in a letter that his wife wanted to end his life, and before the Inability to do it for herself, there was no choice but to help her fulfill her desire; That is, María José Carrasco, 61, since 1989 suffered a multiple sclerosis with a disability of 82% and had been requesting help to die years, we could analyze two important points on this subject, the value and the immense love, basically you can witness several feelings found, such as the sadness of losing a loved one, and infinite love for not seeing his partner suffer, as mentioned in the movie "Mar Mar in" actor Ramón Sampedro: "Live without hope, is to be dead in Life ”, for that part it has a point of reason, about the suffering and nostalgia that some people with terminal illnesses must feel, and in turn see their relatives suffer, seeing them in that state, so it makes euthanasia have some pro and against; It is considered a topic with several discussion points.
In the Republic of Colombia, euthanasia is vetoed to the point of satanizing it, seeking to hide the issue before public opinion generating misinformation and ignorance around it, causing fear among people. According to Colombian laws only in the event that a patient is diagnosed with brain death, the law accredits the doctor to consider it deceased, without taking into account that he still maintains his breathing and active circulation (Romero Ocampo, 1986), from thisWe can deduce that otherwise, if the episode was given that a patient does not have brain death but is agonizing, doctors do not have the ability to accelerate their death. Following the medical controversy mentioned above by Romero Ocampo, it is believed that the patient is obliged to demand the doctor exceptional methods in order to support and extend his life, but he is not the right to demand that he end with the same.
In the United Mexican States, the intervention of third parties in behaviors that threaten human life are highly punishable by the Ministry of Justice, generating fear in doctors who seek to put this issue on the table to study it and in the near future approve it, similar toWhat wanted to happen in Ecuador for 2016. In short, referring to the Federal Criminal Code of Mexico, in 2008, in Chapter III entitled “Common rules for injuries and homicides” it is determined that any citizen who supports suicidal actions of any kind will be sanctioned with imprisonment from four totwelve years. In the Criminal Law of the Federal District, the right to suicide is not punishable by law, but, the interference of an external subject in any activity that causes death has a legal effect (Juanatey, 2004).
Movements in the Republic of Argentina, promoted by the Pontifical Council of the family, flatly reject euthanasia causing it to be ethically and morally evil, causing it to become negatively stigmatized. The Supreme Pontiff, Pope Benedict XVI in a letter issued to the members of the Regional Meeting of the World Medical Association said that ‘it is morally illegal to renounce the application of therapeutic means or suspend them” (Aloisius. J, 2006,) P43). In the thesis entitled "In times of death, the Church goes out to the defense of life" the opinion of the Pontifical Council for the family with respect to euthanasia is exposed, this says that when you want to argue this practice you canHaving an ambiguity, since some justify that this action is for generous and compassion purposes but others pose that they are based on feelings that have nothing to do with God’s designs, which justifies that a murder is (Benalcázar Pérez, 2012).
Therefore, we can observe that there are several nations that have established, either according to their legal frameworks, codes or religious estates, where it reflects that euthanasia is illegal and intolerable, Latin American countries such as Mexico, Colombia and Ecuador show theirRejection of these practices at the legal level while Argentina ethically and morally rejects them from the religious point of view. It does not give debate to think that euthanasia is an issue that is not to public discussion since over time they have made it a taboo that society tries to hide, which causes a fear of the practice of it, knowingwhich is a matter of great relevance that must be discussed and put on the agenda. However, despite the fact that euthanasia is an act punishable by law in different Latin American countries we can find social movements that defend "pro-euthanasic" causes and try to advocate the right to a "dignified death" why do youGive this phenomenon? There are many questions that this issue causes, related to the sentimental, and religious part, for example, the Bible mentions in the ancient ecclesiastical testament, the code according to Moses “preferable is death to a bitter life, and the eternal restto a permanent pain ". By the generals it is taken from the point of view of the person who is suffering, not those who see suffer, it is already at the discretion of each person asking the following question. Would I agree with euthanasia? Why?
In some sectors it is about imposing a certain idea of "progress" to contemporary society, associated only with the increase in comfort in the material sphere or a technological sophistication, they are almost unconsciously push it, to accept as "good" the actions aimedto end the life of individuals whose vital conditions are not considered sufficiently acceptable, that is, they are destined to die. As with abortion, euthanasia is currently being decriminalized justifying it as a way to avoid physical or moral suffering to certain people. It is essential to face this problem or threatened, showing the negative and destructive consequences that euthanasia and assisted suicide have for society, analyzing the two points of view that it can show us, as well as enhancing the role of palliative care as a health benefit,since citizens must be clear that euthanasia and palliative care are opposite realities.
Anyway, it is a very delicate issue to deal with, and in turn very debatable, in the people leaving the feelings of somewhere, I agree with euthanasia because I would not like to see a person who I have a deep affection, because it is practically not living, since there are two deaths, the carnal and the spiritual, in this case the deep suffering is assimilated to a spiritual death, which is not worthy for any person, with respect to the religious issue, alwaysI have used the term that “ Los Angeles are borrowed ” ‘
- National Assembly of Ecuador. (1970). "Ecuador’s Integral Organic Code". Recovered from: https: // oig.ECLAC.org/sites/default/files/2014_codigopelart. 147-150_ecuador.PDF on January 9, 2019.
- Benalcázar Pérez, R. (2012). "In times of death, the Church goes out to the defense of life". Quito: Pontifical Catholic University of Ecuador. Faculty of Philosophical-Teological Sciences.Bonete Perales, and. (2012). "Free to die?". Spain: Editorial Desclée de Brouwer.
- Chamber of Deputies of the Union Congress. (1931) "Federal Criminal Code of the United States of Mexico". Recovered from: https: // www.OAS.org/dil/esp/c%c3%b3Digo%20penal%20federal%20mexico.PDF on January 9, 2019.
- Crespo Crespo, D. (2008). "The vital will: formulation of a proposal to regulate euthanasia and its related situations in Ecuador".Quito: PUCE Publications Center.
- Congress of the Republic of Colombia . (1991). "Political Constitution of Colombia". Recovered from: http: // repository.DPE.Gob.EC/Bitstream/39000/638/1/NN-001-CUT TUCI%C3%B3N.PDF on January 9, 2019.
- Juanatey, c. (2004). "Voluntary law and death". Mexico d.F: Fontamara. Ministry of Public Health. (1992). "Code of Medical Ethics". Recovered from: https: // www.HGDC.Gob.EC/images/baselegal/code%20de%20ica%20medica.PDF. January 9, 2019.
- Romero Ocampo, G. (1986). "Euthanasia". Bogotá: Pontifical Javeriana University.
- Vaca, r. (2009). "Euthanasia". Quito: PUCE Publications Center.