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The Psychological Book Report
The psychological report is a written, thorough and historical exhibition of the facts referring to a psychological evaluation, with the aim of transmitting to a recipient, the results, conclusions and prognosis based on the data obtained and analyzed in the light of technical instruments:Interview, observation, test, all with substantiated in the theoretical, technical and scientific referential framework adopted by the psychologist.
The psychological report is then to order the data based on the variables proposed by a theoretical framework. Thus a psychological report can be understood, such as the translation into an indices produced from the organization of facts or data. Purpose The purpose of the report will always be to present results and conclusions of the psychological evaluation.
Depending on the reason for the demand for the evaluation, the report may be used for diverse purposes, such as: Advice, Diagnosis, Prognosis, Opinions, Orientations. In summary, it is the reason for requesting the evaluation, which defines the objective of the report. Characteristics The report is part and at the same time resulting from the psychological evaluation process which belongs. The report must be relevant regarding its object and its content;Everything that does not refer to its object must be excluded.
The report must be necessary;Routine or stereotyped reports should not be made without a defined purpose for its relevant realization of psychological intervention. The report must be used, that is, it must allow to make decisions or make specific use of it according to the real needs of the subject.
He, inform her of being rigorous, truthful and objective, both in her methodological aspects and in her content. For some authors, the report is a scientific document, since it is the product of a process adjusted to standards through which results have been obtained from which a series of actions are derived that give answers to the previously formulated objectives.
The report has to refer to the study subject. Reports that describe the subjects and their problems in general terms, applicable to most people, and that prevents any specific subsequent intervention. The report must have internal coherence, both in its final writing and in the Exploration Strategies.
The report must make sense in the context to which it is intended, which implies an adequate consensual use of language, an analysis of the objectives of the report and a consideration about its social use. The report must be open to the interdisciplinary perspective with which it is essential to address most of the problems and assumptions that motivate them.
The report must be the basic ethical principles of psychology and the legal rights of patients, all for the repercussions that the report has for the subject and for the responsibility that the psychologist contracts by subscribing it. Types of psychological reports Psychological certifications: of the type of driving license, weapons license. Clinical reports: whose purpose is to rule a concrete psychological situation aimed at providing therapeutic suggestions, or as a final product of a therapeutic process.
Expert Psychological Report: whose purpose is to evaluate a subject in the judicial field that demands the professional intervention of an expert psychologist. This claim can be established by the Court, either the judge or by instance of some of the intervening parties, whether the prosecutor or lawyer of the parties that urged the judge to take that measure, and whose resolution will be intervention of the professional teamsof the psychosocial. Likewise, any of the parties can request professional intervention at the particular level for the elaboration of a report regarding a subject or subjects for its psychological evaluation
Normative principles of the psychological report that exposure is direct and objective:
- Check the report carefully to ensure that spelling, grammar and score are correct
- Take care of semantics, avoiding very common or nebulae words, too personal expressions and stereotyped phrases.
- Avoid writing such a superficial report that it can be applied to any subject, on the contrary, that the report describes the exclusive characteristics of a specific subject.
- That the report is "compact".
- Do not make the report a pretext to exhibit personal wisdom or to flaunt vocabulary wealth.
- Be coupled to the data so far to summarize their own observations or propose some interpretations.
- Do not neglect ethical principles and deontology or morality that implies all psychology professionals.
In the first part of the report, it contains the following data: Data from the author of the report: Name and surname of the psychologist, address and professional registration number. Evaluated data: name and surname, age, address. Purpose: Reason for evaluation, either for the beginning or extension of treatment, judicial expertise, labor evaluation, etc.
This part is that destined for the concise narrative of the facts. It begins with the reasons for the demand or evaluation situation, followed by the information collected by the psychologist. This information refers to the data of the person evaluated, the facts and/or symptoms presented by the applicant, and also the description of the process carried out and the procedures or techniques used in the data collection.
The introduction is a way of narrating or exposing the data, contextualizing them in the methodology used, also enabling the understanding of the analyzed material. There may be variations in the narrative, from the psychologist’s writing style, from the diversity of evaluation demands, the technical terminology of the instruments used. It is important that the structure of the report will be the same. So, the introduction has:
The motivating facts that cause the demand for evaluation The procedures and instruments used in data collection, in the theoretical referential framework that support them. Presenting models for this point is a complex task. The psychologist will make a detailed narrative of the facts obtained through the applied methodology, interview, number of interviews, applied tests, etc. That is, it will indicate how the data obtained and what theoretical reference holds the applied methodology.
It is the part of the report where the psychologist makes a descriptive exposure in a methodical, objective and fidelity to the data collected. In this exhibition, the theoretical foundation that supports the technical instruments used, as well as ethical principles and issues related to professional secrecy must respect, recommending that what is necessary for the clarification of the case must be reported, all according to whatprovides for the Ethics Code.
The psychologist in this part may use citations or transcripts, which will reinforce the conclusions and their analysis. You should not make statements without livelihood in the data obtained and theories, and must have precise, clear and exact language especially when it refers to subjective data. The content must have:
- A clear presentation to list them even of the facts or data that are the support and foundation of the trial.
- If the data has been obtained by a technical measurement method, what is and where it is inferred.
- Explanation of the category that will be read or interpreted by this data or facts.
It is the final, conclusive part of the report. The psychologist will specify and emphasize the evidence found in the analysis of the data from the references adopted, which support the result to which the psychologist arrived, thus supporting the purpose proposed. So that the conclusion of a report is such, then the trial must be in direct line with the facts. Assumptions or hypotheses cannot be part of a psychological report. CONCLUSION STRUCTURE:
- It is the objective, directly, part, where after brief considerations the psychologist exposes the result.
- After this narrative, the report is concluded, with the indication of the date and the signature of the psychologist.