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The promises in the Abrahamic Pact between God and Israel
In the covenant that God made with Abraham, the Lord ordered him: he leaves his land, his kinship and his father’s house, to the land that I will show him (Genesis 12: 1). When Abraham separated from Lot, God said: Now he lifts your eyes and looks from where you are, to the north, to the south, to the east and west; For all this land that you see, I will give it to you and your descendants forever (Genesis 13: 14-15).
When Abraham separated from Lot, God said: Now he lifts your eyes and looks from where you are, to the north, to the south, to the east and west. For all this land that you see, I will give it to you and your descendants forever (Genesis 13: 14-15). The Palestine Pact is an expansion of the Abrahamic Alliance in relation to the Earth. God promised Abraham that his offspring would live in a land that he himself chose: the land of Canaan.
The covenant was made between God and Israel in the land of Moab during the exodus, before they took possession of the earth. God made this covenant with Israel after the Mosaic Pact and after Israel had wandered the desert for forty years, and the covenant would serve this new generation of Israelites as a reminder of their special relationship of covenant with God.
This research aims to explain the perspective of Pentecost the Palestine Pact and analyze other academic sources that point the weak points of Pentecost’s perspective. In the end of this investigation it will be possible to understand the importance of the Palestinian Pact in the history of the Bible.
Pentecost’s perspective of the Palestine Pact
The important points that Pentecost explains about that covenant begins with the question regarding Israel’s right.
- It will happen that when all these things have come on you, the blessing and the curse that I have put in front of you, and you regret in the midst of all the nations where Jehovah your God would have thrown you
- And you become Jehovah your God, and obey his voice according to everything I send you today, you and your children, with all your heart and with all your soul,
- Then Jehovah will return to your captives, and he will have mercy on you, and he will pick you again among all the peoples where I have spread to you Jehovah your God.
- Even when your banished are in the farthest parts under heaven, from there you will pick you Jehovah your God, and from there he will take you;
- And it will make you come Jehovah your God to the earth that your parents inherited, and it will be yours; And he will do you well, and he will multiply you more than your parents.
- And Jehovah your God will circumcise your heart, and the heart of your offspring, so that you love Jehovah your God with all your heart and with all your soul, so that you live.
- And you will put Jehovah your God all these curses about your enemies, and about your abhorrents who persecuted you.
- And you will return, and you will hear the voice of Jehovah, and you will put by work the commandments of him that I order today.
- And Jehovah will make you your God abound in every work of your hands, in the fruit of your belly, in the fruit of your beast, and in the fruit of your land, for good; Because Jehovah will enjoy yourself again for you, in the way he enjoyed your parents,
- When you obey the voice of Jehovah your God, to keep his commandments and his statutes written in this book of the law; When you become Jehovah your God with all your heart and with all your soul.
Why do Pentecost understand that this pact is important?
- Same in front of the ingratitude and disloyalty of the people the promises made to Abraham and the pact were not annulled (Gen 121; 13: 14-17; 15: 7; 17:78).
- The conditional pact which Israel lived did not cancel the promise of grace (Galatians 3:17).
The Palestine Pact was a confirmation and expansion of the Abrahamic Pact, which is the original promise with the objective of being fulfilled with the disobedience of the people.
The main characteristics of the pact:
- … And Jehovah will make you your God abound in every work of your hands, in the fruit of your belly, in the fruit of your beast, and in the fruit of your earth, for good; Because Jehovah will enjoy yourself again for you, in the way he enjoyed your parents ..
- … And you repent in the midst of all nations where Jehovah your God will have thrown you.
- … And you will put Jehovah your God all these curses about your enemies, and about your abhorrents who persecuted you.
- … And he will multiply you more than your parents.
- … It will make you come Jehovah your God to the earth that your parents inherited, and it will be yours; And he will do you well ..
- … Jehovah will return to your captives, and he will have mercy on you, and he will pick you again among all the peoples where Jehovah your God will have spread to you.
- … And you will be torn from the land to which you enter to take possession of it.
Deuteronomy 28: 63-68 30: 1-3 30: 3-6 30: 5 30: 4-8 30: 7 30: 9 cf. ROM 11: 26-27. According to Deuteronomy 30: 1-10 God shows Israel’s importance with the earth making the promises of blessings, and that Israel became before entering the earth.
Pentecost and eschatology
The prophets wrote for Israel:
- Isaiah 11: 11-12 (Israel must still be regrouped from its world dispersion); 14.1-3; 27: 12-13; 43: 1-8; 49: 8-16; 66: 20-22.
- Jeremiah 16: 14-16; 23: 3-8; 30: 10-11; 31: 8; 31: 31-37 (Israel must be established in her land and take possession of everything they promised under the Abrahamic pact)
- Ezequiel 11: 17-21; 20: 33-38; 34: 11-16; 39: 25-29
- Hosea 1: 10-11
- Joel 3: 17-21 (Israel must see that the trial comes on her enemies).
- He loved 9: 11-15 (Israel must come to receive all material prosperity and blessings that have been promised).
- Micah 4: 4-7
- 3: 14-20 sofonia
- Zacharias 8: 4-8
According to Pentecost, a literal understanding of promises in the Palestinian pact argues that there is future possession of the land by the nation of Israel, therefore, the Palestinian pact was not fulfilled at any time in the AT is then a eschatological future of the event, which finds compliance in the appropriation of Israel of the Earth in the millenary kingdom. The argument for understanding is the future events that is Israel’s promised restoration to Earth would not happen until all the promised blessings and curses were fulfilled (Deut 30: 1) Israel as a nation rejected Jesus Christ as his Messiah. Also, one of the promises in this covenant was that God would circumvent his hearts (Deut. 30: 6) For them and their descendants to obey it (Deut. 30: 8) These same promises are repeated in Jeremiah. 32: 36-44 and Ezekiel 36: 22-38 and are part of the blessings and promises of the new covenant, but they have not yet reached a place of repentance and knowledge of the Messiah. Another factor is that the pact predicted the world dispersion of Israel, the nation that would disperse throughout the world due to the disobedience of it is the same nation that would return to earth as a redeemed people. That nation is Literal Israel that will one day become in faith to the Lord.
The pact is unconditional
In Ezekiel 16:60 it is called an eternal covenant that is based only on the word of God that is faithful to fulfill all things. Also, that covenant is the extension of the Abraham Pact, in addition that covenant is guaranteed by God that everything will be fulfilled being that the fulfillment of the covenant has already happened and literally.
Other academic sources
What other academic sources think about Pentecost’s perspective. A question that there are different opinions related to the Palestine Pact is, has the Palestine Pact has already been fulfilled? Many amilenialists say that it has already been fulfilled because they believe that the promises of the Earth given to Abraham’s physical descendants were literally fulfilled in the Old Testament and that there is a future fulfillment of this covenant.
According to Ryrie, the promises of the pact with Abraham will be fully fulfilled in the future: Israel is promised the permanent possession of the land and permanent existence as a nation. This is based on the unconditional nature of the pact. As the Church does not fulfill the national promises of the covenant, these promises. Wait future compliance by the Nation of Israel. Other Scriptures were cited to show that the Lord has promised a future restoration of the nation and a return to Earth. Therefore, the unconditional and partially fulfilled Abrahamic pact becomes an important table in the solid base of the premilenial faith.
The provincial premilenialists believe that Israel Salvado will inherit the promised land in the future, in other words, in the future Israel will regret the second coming of the Messiah and God will fulfill the promises. According to Elliot Johnson: therefore, all the agreements of Pact with Israel will begin in compliance when Israel receives the one they crucified, David’s son, Abraham’s son, when he returns (Zac. 12:10). According to Burger, it is important that Deuteronomy also describes the eschatological hope of restoration and the necessary circumcision of Israel’s hearts (Deut. 30: 4-10). Deuteronomy 30: 1-10 promises the restoration of Israel.
According to Weinfeld, the Abrahamic pact has a misinterpretation of the relationship between Abrahamic Pact and Deuteronomy, Weinfeld understands that the Abrahamic pact is both unconditional and conditional. But he does not understand the objective of his unconditionality referent the promise of blessing all nations.
The Abrahamic Pact gave Israel the title of the promised land to Abraham. The Palestine Pact conditions the possession of the land of Israel, and does so until Israel experiences the truth of divine mercy in recent days. The reason why Israel today is not in full possession of what was promised Abraham is because Israel remains a nation in disobedience and in the judgment of God. Israel will not own the whole earth until Israel as a nation comes to faith in our Lord Jesus Christ, and has a correct relationship with God.
They had promised the earth, but Earth’s promises were conditional promises related to Israel’s obedience to God. In the future moment, God will bring Israel to faith and confidence in Christ, and then, they will take possession of their land that belongs to them by title. The reason why God can say that Israel is sure to possess her earth is because God will surely transform the heart of the nation.
The purpose of Deuteronomy is to prevent the repetition of the sin of the previous generation and enter them to have a life with God and be able to possess the promised land.
God’s grace to discipline Israel so that they can finally reflect on the fact that they do not enjoy the promises that God has given them in the Scriptures. The source of repentance and the source of sincere love of Israel, which is the beginning that God fulfills Israel restoration and his promises, the source of all this is the circumcision of God to the heart of Israel. ‘And the Lord your God will circumcise the thin heart, and the heart of your seed, to love the Lord your God with all your thin heart, and with all your soul, so you can live’. This circumcision of the heart is the transformation of the heart of Israel that will go from rebellion for trust and faith in the Lord.
The Palestine Pact confirmed that Israel was the name that would be given to the earth originally given to the Abrahamic pact, because it is an unconditional pact, Israel’s disobedience did not invalidate its right to land on earth; However, disobedience interferes with the benefit that Israel could have of the land. The Palestine Pact recorded in Deut. 30: 1-10 is related to the Abrahamic pact that refers to the entry of Israel into the promised land. The Palestine Pact is an unconditional and unilateral covenant focused only on God’s will.
The Palestine Pact is a eschatological prophecy and God will restore Israel so that they can love God with all their heart and transmit for the new generation.
- Bowling, a. C. (nineteen ninety five). Joshua. In evangelical commentary on the bible (vol. 3, p. 147). Grand Rapids, Mi: Baker Book House.
- Franz, g. (nineteen ninety six). Land (of Israel). In evangelical dictionary of biblical Theology (electronic ed., p. 463). Grand Rapids: Baker Book House.
- Berkoff, l. (1938). Systematic Theology (P. 297). Grand Rapids, Mi: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing CO.
- Pentecost, j. Dwight. Events of the Porvenir (Spanish edition). Deerfield, FL: Editorial Vida, 1984.
- Pentecost, j. Dwoght. Your kingdom comes – Thy Kingdom Come Translation. Grand Rapids, Kregal, 1995