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The power of leadership
Since the appearance of the human being in this world, since the formation of his social system from the real need for survival to the challenges that nature imposes, he has felt the need for direction, of someone who guides him along the waycorrect to achieve the social and satisfactory objectives you need for its development as an individual and be social. The person who gathers and fills said need, is the one who is called leader. This person is the one who manages to channel social and personal activity towards the realization of the agreed goals, commonly called values (the maximum considerations that a society can reach).
Then I will try why leadership is important is our lives as well as their pillars and social action. The importance of leadership in a society like ours. Leadership is an attribution of a few, of ‘the chosen’. There are even people who think that leaders are born and others who, on the contrary, think that leaders are made ’(that is, they can be trained or educated). Having good leadership is something that is spoken a lot in schools, companies and even in everyday life, but why is it so important?
Leadership is important in our society, because it directly influences all the processes of each of the people. The decisions taken by our leaders guarantee and/or transform the development of all our activities to be carried out, directly affecting us. Currently, our leaders are democratic, participation is team, so decisions are participatory, and this is essential for the operation of any company. The leader’s authority together with his power is exercised with greater decentralization.
Bilateral communication is established. Leadership theories, many writers have presented their own points of view and formulated their own theories about leaders and leadership. Some of the theories briefly referred below to give an idea of literature on the subject of leadership: attribution theory: leadership is considered to be only the attribution that followers make of others, leaders, for having certain characteristics. Situational theory: part of the idea that leadership is conditioned by the situation in which it occurs. For this reason you can adopt different styles.
Transactional theory: emphasizes the importance of relationships between leaders and their followers, focus on mutual benefits. Contingency theory: it is an extension of situational leadership and focuses on determining what variables of the situation you influence leadership and a certain circumstance to determine the most effective leadership. Perspectives in the field of management leadership. An effective leadership is key to the success of a company. Without leaders, an organization is as David Guigu de Socialetic says, a ship lost in the sea. Leaders are those who draw a course for a company or a new course if necessary.
The leader of an organization must possess skills for conflict resolution, so that, from a mediating perspective, he manages to constantly negotiate with the team to achieve a fair and balanced dialogue. In the same way, it must be an orderly person, with skills for planning and resource management. At the same time, you must have a future vision to lead the company towards its goals and objectives. Social action, it is any action that has a meaning for those who perform it, affecting the behavior of others, it is established with a personal sense.
Social action is formed of two essential and inseparable elements that are the principles and the process. Both elements do not remain separately and depend on each other completely. Together, in combination, they form an effective approach to work with people and a powerful force of change. Social classes in Max Weber’s thinking appear as linked very close to the theory of social action. The sociologist Max Weber, defined four types of social action: the traditional one: it is linked to customs. The affective: related to emotions.
The rational according to values: guided by a norm or moral. The destined: obtains a rational end. What are social movements? A social movement is a type of group action whose main objective is to empower oppressed populations against elites under which they are. Social movements have as main objective to create a social change, or resist or change a previous one. With the use of technologies and the media, the appearance of new social movements is faster.
Some of the types of social movements that we can highlight are: migratory: they occur when a large number of people leave their place of origin and set in another site. EXPRESSIVE: They occur when a social group feels faced with an oppressive system that they cannot escape or change. Utopics: They try to create a perfect social system, which has only existed in the imagination and not in reformist reality: they try to modify some parts of society without transforming it completely.
Revolutionaries: They try to overthrow existing social systems and replace them with totally different others. These movements are given in societies that do not allow a peaceful change. Of resistance: unlike the rest of the types of movement, resistance try to stop or avoid a social change that is already being produced. The pillars of leadership are an issue that we do not always deal with, since we see leadership as something mechanical and use varied methodologies, which most of the time are focused on exerting an influence on external.
That is to say about our led;But in reality the most important factors within the leadership are internally in the leader, so we must also make an approach inside it and the factors that act as pillars of the leader. From what was treated in class, and the research developed, these are the four pillars of leadership: Speak the truth always. This means losing the battle to control today, since this is the truth. The moment is normally controlled by sensationalism, yellowing and emotionalism.
Always produces quality products: producing actively working to create something. Quality means investing the time necessary to be good, to be excellent. Find your niche: deepen your field instead of “having a sea of knowledge with a centimeter deep. Long -term plan: short -term goals are good and necessary, but having short -term goals without a long -term vision leads us to walk in circles. Leadership, releasing knots. One of the main ways to solve potential problems is to know in advance what are the problems that may arise.
If something can be done to avoid them and how to combat them in case they are presented, you must also learn from the beginning to minimize the problems that may exist and their incidence in the business. Sometimes, just because of knowing the causes of the problem, the conclusion is reached, so you have to take it into account as a business strategy. One of the main ways to solve potential problems is to know in advance what are the problems that may arise, if something can be done to avoid them and how to combat them in case they present themselves.
In addition, you have to learn from the beginning to minimize the problems that may exist and its incidence in the business. Sometimes, just by knowing the causes of the problem, the conclusion is reached, so you have to take it into account as a business strategy. Decision making is a very important part of solving problems, since you have to choose what are the actions that must be taken for this. There are different problems and we must also know how to identify them in order to identify the solutions.
Also knowing common factors to all problems can help solve problems more quickly. When solving problems, you have to choose the best solution of the problem, taking into account that generally this is the one that offers the greatest benefits with lower damage. Great moment of truth. The moments of truth are those little interactions, when customers invest a high emotional load in the result. The impeccable management of these moments requires reasoned and careful responses that first put the client’s emotional needs.
Before the needs of the company or employee agendas. The human being is often proven insecure in a situation of life. Insecurity occurs because sometimes there is no balance with language, feeling, and thought. It is there where falsehood occurs, although this serves to explore itself, and agree these three aspects, said above. An example in the work area is when the boss is giving a scolding, at the same time an attention call.
Well, it happens that the employee at that moment will express that he agrees, but he will be thinking that he will not and at the same time directed by his emotions, he is hating him. As a conclusion, although they are diverse and always with some variants from one author to another, the definitions have a common element, leadership refers to a process in which the leader exerts some influence on his followers and/or subordinates. Every leader must gather a set of features and characteristics that determine their leadership style and the degree of influence they can exercise.
Some of them of innate origin but definitely the qualities of a leader even when they were born with the individual, they must be strengthened through training and experience, being able to form a good leader of a person who initially did not gather the characteristics, however, it is necessary to emphasize that the set of features presented, if they can add some additional depending on the field of leadership, for example: the leader of a sports team additionally to the common characteristics of every leader must have excellent physical conditions.