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The political conception of Thomas Hobbes
In this fragment of the text published in the National newspaper explains how the situation in Iraq is, more specifically in cities such as Baghdad, Basora, Kirkuk or Mosul. In Iraq, quite bad days are being lived as explained by the fragment itself in which it recounts that they have become cities without law where there are robberies, looting … or even ethnic confrontations in which there is no one who puts peace since likeindicates in the fragment the police have vanished.
Hobbes applied an time geometric and physical. His political theory begins by conducting an empirical study of human nature, in it the following is concluded: human individuals are defined by selfish impulses that inexorably guide human will.
The political conception of Thomas Hobbes is very original and remains notable in contemporary politics. Its main uneasiness is the problem of social and political order, how human beings can live together in peace and avoid the danger of a civil conflict. It raises an alternative how to give our obedience to an irresponsible sovereign. Otherwise, what awaits us is a state of nature that resembles the civil war a lot. A situation of universal insecurity, where everyone has reason to fear death and where the reward of human cooperation is almost impossible.
Hobbes’ political conception starts from security for all individuals, from the moment of the origin of the individual or nature of nature. Precisely security is what the citizens of the cities named. It is said that there are some thinkers who act as predecessors of his thinking such as Bodino, from which he collected the absolute concept of sovereignty, the conception that no other power overcomes it. And of Machiavelli that collected some harmful concepts of state authority, superiority and independence, above the individual.
Hobbes thinks that little happiness of our life can be expected also explains that the best we can expect is a peaceful life under an authoritarian sovereign and that the worst is what he calls the natural condition of humanity, a state of violence, insecurity andconstant threat. Basically what it intends to explain is that the alternative to the government is a situation that no one could desire and that any attempt to make the government accounts to the people must undermine it, which threatens the non -governmental situation that we must all avoid. In Iraq as recounted in that fragment, the worst that Hobbes is living, that is, a state of violence, insecurity and constant threat and that the alternative to a democratic and authoritarian government is undesirable for anyone.
In political theory and in the thought of t. Hobbes A scenario of savagery is defined as a state of nature where man is able to destroy himself. It is a state of anxiety and of a constant living in the possible annihilation that man suffers permanently, from another man. It is a state of necessity and perpetual fear. Hobbes differentiates two fears.
On this state of war Hobbes to Punta that is painful, unbearable, strenuous, and that turns life into a real torment, a hell. The state of nature is promoted or encouraged to get out of it somehow drives to seek an escape. But what is the most rational exit? The most rational departure for Hobbes is that selfish individuals are associated in a civil society in which they sign a contract according to which each and every one yields and delegate their power in a higher instance that is the State.
Hobbes states that as the power only resides in the state the social pact, once signed and accepted, is irreversible and irrevocable. On the other hand Hobbes insists that the power of the State is indivisible. Sovereignty cannot be parcel or chop without losing its strength and efficacy. That is why Hobbes thus points to the suitability of a single president, betting on a monarchy. On the other hand, and since only in this way the power of the State is a complete and total power, political power must include religious power, thereby coinciding with the State and the Church.