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The particular phenomenon of emigration
To know why a particular phenomenon occurs, it is essential to know its basic concepts. Only then is it easy to study every detail in depth. That also applies to the issue of emigration. Emigration is a very common thing in today’s world. One can find people who move from their native country to another country in search of better perspectives. They can remain in the new country for some years and then return to their homes or establish themselves permanently there. Before exploring this issue, we will know some facts about it.
Emigration – the basics
As Wikipedia expresses, ‘emigration is the act of leaving the country or region of one to settle in another’. Differs from immigration only from the perspective of the country of origin. The most typical, but common reasons for people to emigrate, are based on religious, political or economic reasons. There are also many who emigrate just for getting married or having a different experience or for a climate change. The reasons may seem silly, childish or even incredible, but then they form the basis of the emigration of many people.
People began to emigrate largely in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries in themselves. At the moment it was mainly due to its economic conditions. Many poor families move from Europe to other countries such as the United States, Canada, Brazil, Argentina, Australia and New Zealand.
Reasons to emigrate
Although people emigrate only to obtain a new experience or a change in their lives, the main reasons would be to explore options for a better livelihood. They are not satisfied with their current life or with the working conditions in their homeland. When trying to establish the reasons for this migration, many academics have categorized the reasons according to the individual, the family and the structural-institutional. While the first is based on the expectations and demands of a single individual, the family situation is based on the decision of the whole family to improve their living conditions. The latter is based on the economic, social or political conditions of that country in particular from which people emigrate.
The factors that influence emigration can be divided into two: thrust and thrust factors. Classifying the reasons in these two categories will help us understand how positive and negative circumstances act as stimulants to emigrate.
They are those factors that act as attractive forces that are attracting people to a particular country.
- Excellent job opportunities with higher wages (which in turn will improve the livelihoods of the whole family)
- Acquire places to devote to agriculture
- Guaranteed safety to life with better well -being plans
- Better access to quality education
- Presence of family and friends who have already established a life there
- Better opportunities to acquire farms for themselves and for children.
- Political freedom in that country.
- Culture, customs and traditions of that country.
- Severe hungry conditions, drought or epidemics
- Oppressive political crisis that represents a serious threat to human life
- Deprived of basic rights and comforts
- Insufficient employment opportunities
- Lack of space that hinders agriculture
- Military crisis
- Restrictions in the practice of a particular religion
Among all the reasons listed, the most common for people who emigrate outside their country are for well -paid jobs, who face a threat to their lives in their native countries and to provide better living conditions to their families.