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The evolution of psychoanalysis and its history
The practice of psychoanalysis, founded by Sigmund Freud, caused a stir at the time of its appearance. Since then, psychoanalysis has exerted a great influence on our culture and in many other psychology schools.
The concept of psychoanalysis can refer: to the method of research of psychic processes, based mainly on the free associations of the subject (the patient is raised in a couch and speaks about everything that feels or comes to mind);to the psychotherapeutic method of neurosis, which is characterized by the controlled interpretation of resistance and can finally refer to a series of psychological theories where the contributions of research and therapy methods are included.
This plurality of psychoanalysis has involved the need to establish interdisciplinary relationships with other sciences and branches of human knowledge, although according to some authors the depth necessary to study these links has not yet been dedicated
We have commented that psychoanalysis is one of the most influential theories of our time. It was a radical change in the conception of subjectivity and disease, as well as a break with the Cartesian conception of rationality, since it was the first theory that established the unconscious as a structuring of the human subject.
With the passage of time, psychoanalysis resulted in different alternative theories. Many authors who started Freud’s psychoanalysis did not agree with some of his key concepts. Of the first to disagree were his contemporaries Carl Gustav Jung, who did not coincide with the origin and sexual destination of the libido and did not agree with the interpretation of dreams or with the concept of unconscious;and Alfred Adler, who created a parallel theory to explain neurosis from the so -called "concept of inferiority". There were other dissident authors, such as Otto Rank, Karen Horney and Freud’s own daughter, Anna, who is considered the founder of the "psychology of the self" with Heinz Hartmann. On the other hand, there were also different schools that followed and expanded Freud’s thought. Among his disciples, Ludwig Binswanger, Wilhelm Reich, the English school of Melanie Klein, which developed concepts such as primary envy or the early Oedipus complex;and Jacques Lacan
Today psychoanalysis, as in Freud’s time, I think it is revolutionary again and that nothing against the countercurrent. Psychoanalysis does not deny, it has never done so, the importance of the biological. Nor does it propose to dispense with psychotropic drugs, which would be irresponsibility and cruelty. But it is opposed, that all kinds of discomfort are treated with medicines and without dialogue;that the fluctuations of life are not taken into account when the problems that are derived from it are considered;to which those people who, for diverse reasons are suffering psychologically;to be responsible for our own acts;that the society in which we live in their role in the mental suffering of many people is not questioned;to medicalize the cycles of life, such as childhood or menopause;In short, if a person needs to talk about love, serotonin is answered.