The Epidemia Of The Xiv Century: The Black Pease

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The disease affected Europe in the fourteenth century, sweeping the lives of almost more than a third of the European population. Around 25 million people died alone in Europe and about 40-60 million in Africa and Asia. All this had a great influence on the political, social and economic development of all societies. The fields stopped working and this caused food shortages. Prices rose due to great demand.


Later, new outbreaks of this epidemic emerged, which prevented European demography from increasing and could not move forward to a century later. But further ado, improvements could be observed in society; as the increase in wages due to the lack of workers. We can add that part many people decided to emigrate from the countryside to the city. In the field many peasants were able to grow abandoned land, so demography in these areas increased and this caused a new impulse in the rural economy.

They were buried in a way aligned in graves and the bodies, they were wrapped in linen sneakers in lining in lime dissolved in water to seal the grave and reduce the spread of the disease. All the bedding, the molts of the dead and all his belongings were burned. This was considered a very effective technique to end the plague according to the University of Buenos Aires.

In addition, in the houses where someone had died for the plague, they were marked. This meant that they had to clean deeply before other people came to live there. The doors and windows open for more than fifteen days. "Sulfur and gunpowder burned inside and fire lit". The rooms of the dead, bleached with living lime and the ground was cleaned with vinegar.

In public places, rosemary, incense, olive wood and more types of herbs were burned to perform air cleaning. All this had a hygienic intention and its objective was to minimize the spread of the plague. Science, like technology has advanced and today, this disease has been reduced to very specific geographical areas. The current treatment is based on antibiotic intake.    


We have to emphasize that at this time due to the influence of this disease, the construction of monasteries, churches and cathedrals were ended, so this implies that it is the end of the medieval period. Many people argue that all the mortality caused by the plague, could have been the beginning of the "modernization" of Europe.

During the Middle Ages, there will be no concrete cure, but the most effective methods were "phytosanitary measures such as living lime, fire and better sanitation". The bodies were veiled after their death and this caused the spread of this. "But religious burials also did not comply with control measures".

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