- Show more
The dictatorship in Latin America
Noriega was a dreaded Panamanian dictator, highly valued Agent of the CIA, who fell out of favor after being accused of drug trafficking and overthrown by an invasion of the United States.
Simon Tisdall, columnist of The Guardian, says that "Pineapple face", as the former US president, George H. W. Bush, called Panama’s dictator, Manuel Noriega, would have helped stop the influence of Cuba and the Soviet Union in Latin America.
This was one of the many tasks that the Panamanian General would have carried out under the orders of the CIA, before the United States government ordered the military invasion of the American Central Country in 1989.
The "strong man of Panama" plunged his country into a serious economic, political and social crisis during his six years of mandate. On December 20, 1989, by order of George H. W. Bush, the “fair cause” operation was carried out, in which 27 were deployed.000 soldiers in Panama who achieved, in 14 days, the delivery of General Noriega.
Human Rights Organizations locate in 3.000 The dead of the dead produced by this operation. Noriega, had a reciprocal relationship of complicity and betrayal with the United States, a country that finally took him to prison after being prosecuted and sentenced to 40 years in jail for charges of cocaine traffic, organized crime and money laundering. Finally, Noriega was extradited to France to be tried for drug laundering. In the European country he was punished for seven years and imprisoned in the Parisian Prison of the Santé.
In December 2011 he was extradited to Panama. Six years later he died as a result of a brain tumor.
Military dictatorships in Colombia.
Gustavo Rojas Pinilla. (1953 – 1957)
During the government of the conservative Laureano Gómez (just the previous time), the Colombian people was the scene of what was historically known as "violence". Time marked by the bloody persecution of the conservative party to the militants and supporters of liberalism. As a result of the repression and political exclusion by conservatism, the liberals began the formation of insurgent guerrillas against the Laureano Gómez government. This situation further aggravated the social and political crisis that was lived at the time: it was the outbreak of a civil war.
Due to the public order crisis and as a repressive response to the contradictory guerrillas to conservatism, Gómez appointed the Army as the most suitable public force to repress the "violent". "Violent" stories were Colombian against a traditionalist, elitist and extreme right government.
Gustavo Rojas Pinilla came to power with a blank check. He did it in an incruet coup d’etat, supported by the liberals and non -laureanist conservatives. His mission was to end violence and pacify the country, and to achieve this, he had great political and popular support. Rojas began his mandate with an ambitious public works plan, financed by the 1954 coffee bonanza.On the other hand, the Government advanced a series of social reforms, led by María Eugenia Rojas, the ‘captain’;and she decreed a tax reform that taxed the rich with more intensity than ever. These changes were good for the popular sectors of the cities, but they were not successful in the field.
On June 9, 1954, the student Uriel Gutiérrez was killed by military bullets at the doors of the U. National, what caused a gigantic student protest in which nine other university students were shot. And on August 3, 1955, the dictator closed time, the spectator and the century. But, as happened with Laureano Gómez, the resurgence of violence was the one that overflowed the cup.