The Development Of The French Revolution

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The development of the French Revolution


The French Revolution can be defined as a social, political, economic and military conflict that developed in French territory during the 1789 (with the self-proclamation of the third state as the National Assembly) and 1799 (arrival to power of Napoleon Bonaparte, first as consulAnd then as an emperor in 1804). The importance of this conflict is so much that from a historical point of view, they mark the end of the Modern Age and the beginning of the contemporary age, because the foundations of modern democracy are based. That said, we are going to focus on the causes that caused the uprising. 


First, we find the current of thought implanted in Europe, the Enlightenment, based on reason, equality and freedom, being key in the appearance of great intellectual figures such as Voltaire or Montesquieu. These ideas were in total contradiction with the absolute monarchy system that was established in France. Second, French society before this process was divided into estates, the clergy, the nobility and the plain people.  Both the clergy and the nobility (which were a great minority) had a series of prerogatives such as being exempt from paying taxes.

While the third state, being a broader and mostly artisans and peasants, were constantly "bombarded" with taxes (such as tithe), worked in precarious conditions and could not cope with the price increase when it was givenA bad harvest. In addition, in this context we find the rise of the bourgeois class. Finally, we can highlight the independence process of the thirteen North American colonies (1775-1883) for several reasons. On the one hand, by the revolutionary character of both based on the ideals of the Enlightenment, and on the other hand, for the French participation in the same. 

France came from having a conflict with Great Britain (seven -year -old war, between 1756 and 1763) in which it did not stop well. In this way, he took advantage of the circumstance to be able to "take revenge" of Great Britain, intervening in a military way in the process. However, this participation harmed the French farm, aggravating the economic situation in France, which did not have been especially good. Thus, the monarch Louis XVI, convened the general states (assembly convened exclusively by the king in which the representatives of the three estates meet) in April 1789 in order to try to correct the economic situation of the country.


In this assembly it was voted in order, this is that each estate had a vote, the plain people were harmed. Therefore, the third stadium requested the vote "by head", since in this way they would not be seen in an unfair disadvantage. However, this proposal was ruled out, leading to the fact that in June 1789 they were declared as the sole members of the National Assembly and voting as the first measure the declaration of the rights of man and citizen. The process continued its course and even received support from some members of other estates until on July 9, 1789 the Assembly appointed itself Constituent National Assembly.

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