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The definition of truth and philosophy
The question What is the truth? It has surely gone through the minds of all people, and the general concept that has been granted to the truth is: the truth is the coincidence between an affirmation and the facts, or the reality to which said statement refers tothroughout history. However, there is no concrete response of this. Before entering into "truth", we must be clear about the concepts of objective truth, and subjective truth. First, we have objective as a unique and irrefutable "truth". And, on the other hand, we find the subjective truth, which is linked to the perception and interpretation of people.
Now, taking into account the aforementioned concepts, we can have a context about the topic to be discussed. Due to the complexity of the question: what is the truth?, From questions such as: How important is for science in general?, even why the human being has an desire for knowledge?, We find that they are due to many thinkers, who throughout history have only responded to this unknown;But, they always respond based on the freedom of their own perceptions as in the case of Kant, who from his idealist conception considers the truth how the “knowledge of knowledge with being known, but things itself, if any,They are inaccessible ". In addition, there are other great thinkers who tried to determine an objective or subjective truth, where some philosophers affirm that the objective truth does not exist, if not the subjective. As in the case of Protágoras, who affirmed that there is no objective truth, if not subjective opinions, since the interpretation of something will change according to the person, for example, a meal that can be delicious for a person, toDifference of the perception of another that does not share their tastes;Another example of this is given when observing an abstract painting and trying to identify the concept of this, where the person who you have next to be interpreted differently. However, there are thinkers who consider the truth as objective, which is only one and irrefutable, and what is true becomes a "dogma". As the case of Aristotle, who said that there is an objective truth, and also that ‘total truth is never reached, nor is it ever totally away from it’, and it is logical, since the life of the human being is ephemeral and notIt is known to know everything, we can know something and that does not mean that the definitive truth is reached, but it does not mean that it does not exist, it is only an idealistic conception.
So what really is the truth?, In order to understand this question in the most objective way possible, we must look at the "truth" as the very essence of the world, what we want to find, but we simply cannot due to our ephemeral life, and it is for that reason thatWe do not get to know everything, we only get to know "something". Beyond this, all the definitions that we find are merely subjective. But a second question also arises, does the truth have an objective or subjective nature?, Well, if we look at it from the famous theory of the two worlds of Plato that tells us that there is a sensitive world (in which we reside) and an intelligible world, or the world of ideas, Plato poses that the sensitive world is an imperfect copyof the world of ideas, because everything here is subjected to time, while in the world of ideas no. Plato explains that the truth is in the world of ideas, and that the only way to obtain it is through the soul, which separates from the body (with death), going to the world of ideas, and then returns to the worldOf things, or the sensitive world, in a nutshell, he states that the only way to approach the truth, is through reminiscence, and every time we reincarnate, we take some knowledge of the intelligible world, we bring it to the worldsensitive, and we put it into practice. Looking at it from this point of view, we can infer that the truth is objective, it is unique and perfect, since there is only one for everyone and this is in the world of ideas. On the other hand, we have a more subjectivist position, which is that of empiricist philosophers, who said that all knowledge had to go through the senses, that is, an empiricist theory, that the truth is achieved through experience, and interpreted byThe reason, and depending on this, each person will have a different truth.
Therefore, the following conclusion is based on my experiences and reasoning, it does not necessarily have to be the same for everyone. In my opinion, the truth is what we believe, what we verify through our senses, and what we conclude from this, from the reason, which is the most precious gift that man has. I agree with the idea of the subjectivity of truth (leaving out, the truths of exact sciences), since the world is more than just numbers and graphics, it is more than a straight path that we are unconsciously touring, thinking that we areMaking our own decisions, but in reality we go to the same place, where each discovery serves to discover a new truth, and that each person has a different point of view, not all see things in the same way, everyone interprets itHis way, thus creating an individual truth, which at the time drives research, sciences in general, and therefore, satisfying hunger for the knowledge that characterizes the human being.