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The deep Peru under the gaze of Arguedas
In our Peru there is a lot of linguistic and cultural diversity, this is a country with a diverse flora and fauna, and if we talk about their lands and climates they are a pride for any human being in this country;But we do not want or know how to value all this, instead of being proud, we are ashamed by our native language "Quechua", for our culture, traditions. However, José María Arguedas valued the customs that we now want to forget, he learned to live with those who considered his family, his gaze analyzed more of the resources, he saw a Peru with Andean people who could connect with nature and forArguedas nature existed with man and man with nature, he could see a deep Peru.
Although the family of José María Arguedas represented Western culture, he could learn beyond what our eyes can observe and he had the opportunity to live with people who had the Andean culture as a lifestyle. We know that his father for work matters constantly traveled and had given a stepmother to our writer, I can understand why Arguedas was introduced both in the Andean culture, because the only blood family bond was an absent figure and the affection he neededwith the Indians, coming to appreciate them so much that he felt their customs, anguish and joys as his own;This is how we see them reflected in their works.
Unfortunately or by our ignorance the Quechua language is being lost, a language that Arguedas himself learned since childhood, used and valued so much that even after his land he continued to use and today we see it in his works. You will wonder why you wrote your works by mixing Spanish and Quechua if he had received education in Lima and there the Quechua language lost strength, the answer is simple. Arguedas wrote his first work in Spanish, however, read it and read it and noticed that the language he was using were not heard like the Indians with whom he had lived together. This led him to use Quechua words to perfectly characterize the Indian in his world and his problems.
Not only were Indians who spoke Quechua, they managed to see Peru far beyond Earth, Flores and Campo. They saw a deep Peru, of people who connect with nature, respect and take care. Thus, in his works that connection is evidence.
Deep in Peru and why do I say it? Because it was in the time of Arguedas that the Indians were forgotten, marginalized, humiliated and even outraged, they were Peruvians, but they were forgotten in the deepest of the same country where the western ones believed themselves above them despite the fact that both bothcultures lived in the same territory, they refused to live together. And this was precisely Arguedas, because he being on the outside like the Mistis, already at the Indian Children’s College was not accepted, because he was different in appearance and felt rejected. When he studied in the schools of Lima where the children of Western culture like him should accept it, the opposite happened because it was a mysti who spoke Quechua. This situation will have seemed strange to the children of Lima and Arguedas himself, because he could not fit in either cultures. He had something of both, he went from being on top with the mystis to the deepest of Peru, with the forgotten and again on top but having already lived with what until then unknown.
We cannot deny that from the natives we can learn much more than we think and are the reflection of our true national origin. And they will ask why? If they are people like all the inhabitants of Peru, if I learned from Arguedas, it helped me to reaffirm my identity and in their works I can see my culture reflected as people who not only take care and respect nature, but, that we connect withshe. So much so that we have dances and the scissors where the dancer goes through a learning and respect process for what he will learn and until the last of his days he dies faithful to what his life dedicated.
The Yawar Fiesta work is a clear example where coastal people went to seize their indigenous land taking advantage of the humility and simplicity of these men still they continued to revalue all their cstumbres great celebration of the independence that is celebrated on July 28,The bullfight has always been the competition of the Ayllus however for the indigenous people it did not mean any independence since none of the bullfighters in this particular party, two events break the routine. First, the capture of "El Misito," a mythically wild bull, recognized for its bravery and respected to the point of idolatry. Second, the changes that Puquio’s "neighbors" request from the government. Referring to the rawness and ferocity of the run, to the savagery that it implies, the need to protect the “helpless and delayed brain indigenous”, the neighbors request that the government pass a law regulating the runs. Among the provisions of said regulation is that only a professional bullfighter brought, in this case, of the capital, and at the expense of the Indians can fight. The new law, although it disappoints the Indians, who find pleasure in the run, do not intimidate them: they decide to have the celebration as always, how they give rise and send a commission to hire a renowned bullfighter.
Again, the neighbors try to stop the Indians, with the excuse that the run in the town square cannot be made, where it has always been done, due to the size. The Indians go back to the front and build an eucalyptus corral. To this comes the news/rumor of a road on the hill, between Coracora and the port of Chala. According to comments, those of Coracora said they were more men than the Puquians. This maneuver of the "neighbors" in
In this work we can see selfishness, unconcern and abuse of the authorities that are currently reflected in politics in some villages, because of this people have no confidence in their authorities and can do justice with their own hands, they areHe sees many cases such as the violation of children, women but our authorities are not at all for asserting their rights of these affected people either psychological and physical but who are the culprits that these people do not find justice is all the scourges we have,That is why all the confidence in our authorities was lost.
Likewise we can also observe in this work by José María Arguedas that human beings do not have a little consideration with our neighbor, it gives us a clear example in this narrative that the one who has money has all the power while one is poorBeing poor why there is so much evil between us? As people we must change as to our thinking see life in another way as respecting the customs of each region and communities and we can change our Peru that we want so much, changes so that there is no more corruption in our nation. If, as students who are from our thoughts and with the support of teachers and the entire joint society we can change our ideas regarding the different thoughts we have about the discriminations of race, customs. and all the linguistic damage we have.
That is why thinking about progressing, getting ahead, but with the condition of being united and not losing our culture, in other words, like every person we have to learn English or any other type of language, not to say that only that our Quechua, ourculture is worth, but none is more than another. Let’s learn and accept what is necessary and can serve for the development of the country without forgetting our roots and cultural identity. Let’s go where we go, you should always practice the customs of our ancestors
One of the last works of Arguedas that I found very interesting and at the same time transmits a message that teaches us for which reasons the Indians migrate to the city and forced by the need is gradually losing its identity and masqueculture mixing with others, his family easily acquires other types of customs, but the most serious thing is that the Andean man falls into the different types of vices, . A plan planned by those who have power, industries, pay them more so that this money is spent on vices and can never excel, at present this occurs, we are influenced by the media that without realizing it do not offer a series of informationFalse is the case of former President Alan García, we cannot affirm that his death is true or not because we did not see the body and many of our compatriots either were left with that doubt, and many other information that make us believe that it is trueBut nevertheless they are false and we realize that the press is bought by those who have money that is to say all the corrupt we have in the Congress of Peru
Thus we also have television programs that do not contribute anything interesting for society which makes young people like us be occupied with these programs that have nothing to do with the development of the country. The problem is also that there are some programs that provide adequate information we do not look for television programs that are not worth it;The only objective of these media is that it originates that our mind is asleep. Thus we know how to differentiate that it is good and that for us
In conclusion, with how little I have been able to read from his works by José María Arguedas, my thought has changed something because, reading those works and seeing the rage and passion he described as the Indian had no rights and made him, he makes uswant, love and defend our race.
The marginalization of races is still continuing, but we are currently doing nothing for that to culminate, it is we who marginalize ourselves, because we do not want to realize how beautiful and beautiful our Andean race, traditions, language and customs is.
This discrimination should be changed, so that our traditions, beliefs, customs and dances prevail because despite being the richest and most recognized country in the world in terms of gastronomy, and diverse cultures of the Sierra and jungle coast of Peru notWe value and lose everything that our ancestors taught us
Just as we shout so much a victory of a sport or done something that we like is the same is to defend with those same desire and enthusiasm we must defend when someone criticizes or marginalizes our country (race, custom and language), enough already of so muchMess.
This is the most renowned phrase of José María Arguedas: "The Earth is who works it". Well, Peru is our land, but we let foreign countries exploit our lands and our compatriots, so we cannot say that Peru is from us, but the Indians could say it because it was they who knew and worked the Peruvian lands.
That is why this essay talks about José María Arguedas and his works that present a multicultural message, because our culture is being extinguished, reading their works opens open to what every Peruvian must know, understand, value and defend from their ancestors Indians Indians.