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The crisis in Venezuela
Perhaps today nobody denies either in Venezuela or outside of it that there is a delicate situation in all strata, aggravated by innumerable circumstances that have degenerated in the greatest of the crises for which any nation could be affected by any nation: the humanitarian. Before the eyes of the world, the panorama offered by our country is deployed day after day: repression, injured, deaths, disappearances … and it is, in these circumstances that have been able to know the true international allies that have the cause that we promote muchof Venezuelans. After all, he is the sovereign, who decides his own designs and whose decisions must be followed. This is contemplated in article 5 of our "for now" current constitution.
Thus, there are those who say, and they do not lack reasons to assert it, that the current one is the worst time in the history of our country, because without being at war we are even worse than in a. Who has deigned to review our history at least should be that in any of the periods of the twentieth century there had not even been a context similar to the current one to the current. More this does not mean that someone came up with the word crisis in past times.
To this group of people who had the audacity to mention the word crisis in times of political repression and thought, the illustrious Trujillano Mario Briceño Iragroury (1897-1958) belonged. Trujillano lawyer Doctorate in Political Science, President of the Congress, individual of the number of the National Academy of History and Venezuelan of the Language, and of course eminent intellectual of the twentieth century, did not dig in exposing its arguments to convince that our country was comingdragging a very particular crisis.
He let it know in his varied work, which goes from tapestries of History Patria and Casa León and his time, to the regent Heredia or the Heroic Piedad and the horse of Ledesma. Marked all of it to cover a theme today still strange: the colonial history of Venezuela. Don Mario always worried about investigating and disseminating everything related to this important and forgotten part of our past.
But the work that consecrated him as essayist was undoubtedly a message without destiny, to capture his historical and sociological appreciations of the Venezuela of 1950, the year he was written. In it Briceño Iragroury starts from a thesis that is still in force in our day.
In those years Arturo Uslar Pietri had returned to the country of having taught Spanish -American literature classes from Columbia University, and was worried about having realized that there was a literary crisis. It did not miss by the way, nor is missing today, who wonders if there is actually a Venezuelan literature. Don Mario does not assume this position, because he assures that in effect there is a literary crisis. But it goes further: he adds that what exists is a town crisis, which branches or subdivides in the other crises.
Message without destiny is composed of 17 chapters that try to focus from different perspectives our people’s crisis. When reading it it seems that they are a series of well -elaborate criticisms, but when analyzing it carefully it is concluded that in those criticisms is the solution. And not a solution as a political project, but as approaches to be implemented in a general way whose fruits will be seen in the long term.
In the few pages that make up the essay the author attracts the attention that our citizens lack historical memory, recite facts and memory dates without the slightest analysis, study our past fragmented in presidencies or periods, without understanding that history is above allcontinuity, a series of interrelated events that cannot be analyzed independently.
It does not overlook the disdain they make of colonial history, and that is why we have not defended our borders before Guayana’s dispossession. We have dedicated ourselves as a people to praise military glory – he says – ignoring that history is made by citizens with their customs and traditions. And attributes much of the responsibility of this to the pedagogy with which history is taught from schools: history cannot be elaborated based on manichaean positions: black legend or golden legend;contempt for the 40 years of democracy or exaltation of the dictatorship of Pérez Jiménez;Black or black ..
It highlights the little or non -existent importance given to civilians, since in them it is that the values that every inhabitant must defend reside. It urges to follow the model of other countries that, knowing the virtues and pitfalls of their distinguished characters, make their history with a vocation of permanence. It is civilized and developed nations acceptance and respect for the other, guarantee of the peaceful coexistence of the peoples.
Perhaps one of the criticisms that can be made to the message is that it sins of excessive nationalism, which stripes in the absurd, where the foreign influence of customs is condemned for the time: it puts the Christmas birth, which already begins tobe replaced by American pine.
Additionally, a concern for immigration that for those years came to our country was pointed out: the author warned of his fear that Europeans did not attach to our culture and found localities isolated from the rest of the country, such as the Tovar colony. Fortunately, time took the reason for the author, because the culture itself is strengthened with external elements: language and miscegenation for example, which are the product of a process where various factors conditioned by the culture of peoples are merged. In the case of Christmas, the manger and tree have coexist in our society.
That is why it is still important to consider the people’s crisis, today more latent than ever in our country: it is we who make the story and owners. And our duty is to reject the misrepresentations and manipulations that are made to our past. We must, in the words of Manuel Caballero, to have popular awareness of his own force, that is, to be aware that they are our own actions, pray in an individual dimension, pray on a collective plane, which build our becoming. Accept that peaceful protest and vote are the mechanisms for which we express ourselves.
In our opinion, the people’s crisis remains latent than ever, just like the rest of the crises. It is one of the many challenges of the Venezuela of the future to solve it if we want to reach the designs to which our country is destined.