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The controversy of abortion and its effects
Abortion is one of the most divided problems facing our country today. The supporters and critics of abortion will generally define themselves as strictly "propretistic", since they support the right of a woman to make decisions about her body, or strictly pro -life, in the sense that they believe that the fetus is ahuman life that should not be destroyed. However, most people are not defined within these restrictive concepts, since they can be found somewhere in the middle of the debate with a margin of commitment. They recognize that the circumstances of the real life of abortion are not in black and white. They may believe that in some cases it is justifiable to have an abortion, as in cases of rape. Others are in conflict on the subject, since their religion may have taught them a point of view and their experience has led another. These conflicting points of view are added to the debate, as well as other complicated problems that deepen the discussion on the issue of abortion.
62% of women who abort do not do so due to economic or affective causes. Almost half interrupts gestation because it does not want to be a mother there is no unique reason for women deciding to interrupt their pregnancy. 62% of them do it for reasons that have little to do with their economic, personal or affective conditions. In fact, almost half of the women who interrupt gestation, would do so in any circumstance: even if he won more, he had a better job or a stable couple. They are data that emerge from a study presented in Madrid and prepared by the Association of Clinics accredited for the interruption of pregnancy (ACAI).From the study there are some reasons: 8.87% abort for their age (too young or too old) and 5.08% do so for their own or fetal pathology.
The advantages of abortion are often highlighted in cases where women are sexually raped or abused and pregnancy occurs. Abortion supporters argue that women should not be forced to have a baby after a horrible incident as a rape. The baby would serve as a rape reminder. Some people also support abortion in cases where there may be medical problems that would significantly limit the quality of life of the baby that would be born. They would argue that a fetus is not a correct person from the moment of conception, which makes it well to interrupt an early pregnancy in the first quarter, which often when abortions occur. Those who support abortion argue that abortion is a medical procedure sure that it significantly relieves the woman of stress of having an unwanted pregnancy.
Abortion supporters would also argue that, although women have traveled a long way, they are still a group of people who oppressed. The chances of being oppressed increase if a woman is poor or belongs to a minority group. Having a baby, that the woman cannot take care of, keeps her in a cycle of poverty and deprivation. This oppression often makes women cannot make decisions about their reproductive rights.
They are often involved in relationships that make it difficult to make contraceptive decisions on their own. These women are often found in poverty, since they cannot pay the number of children who continue to have. By having the abortion option available for them, these women can make a decision about their rights and reproductive options.
Arguments against abortion
The main argument against abortion is that it is essentially a murder, which is against the first amendment and our laws. The defenders of life consider that the fetus is a person right in conception once the sperm fertilizes the ovule. This personality argument makes women who are having abortions killing the fetus.
‘First, they can be used to make the statement that fetuses are creatures with their own interests from the beginning, including, mainly, an interest in staying alive, and that, therefore, they have the rights that all human beings haveto protect these basic interests, including the right not to be killed ”(Dworkin, 2011 NP).
Those who argue against abortion also argue that it has often been used as a form of contraception when there are many other forms of effective contraception. They would also argue that there are other options available for pregnant women, such as adoption. This would save the baby’s life and provide families who have not been able to have a child with their own baby. The woman could turn a difficult situation into an opportunity to help a needy family.
Abortion detractors often cite practical reasons, such as the medical or psychological consequences of having an abortion, which, for the most part, have proven to be false. They argue that abortion can be an insecure procedure that can result in numerous complications that affect women’s fertility for the rest of their life. They also argue that abortions can cause psychological anguish in women who have them. The fault associated with the act and the thoughts of destroying your baby can hinder their operation. This can lead to mental illnesses such as depression or anxiety, which can be weakening. Young women often have abortions not to compromise their future for the responsibility of having children. However, the fault associated with having an abortion can affect these young women for the rest of their lives.
Many religions argue against abortion
Multiple factors impact the issue of abortion, such as religious, legal and moral concerns that incline people for or against the subject. Religious opinions against abortion are that committing abortions goes against God. This is not just because it violates the seventh commandment that establishes that the murder is against the laws of God. Other religious views are that ending a pregnancy is acting like God, since He is the only one who can make the decision to take his life. However, often religious people are also against contraception, so their perceived solution to the problem is that people only have sex for procreation, which is not realistic. Those who have religious opinions are generally against abortion by any means. A recent example of moral attacks against abortion is the debate on long -term abortion. The opponents argue that this is murder because the child has a beat and a possibility of surviving outside the uterus.
The moral concerns of abortion revolve around the morality of limiting the civil rights of women, but also about ending pregnancies due to the possibility of disabilities such as Down syndrome in the baby. Not allowing a woman to control her body is denying her rights. However, the situation is complicated and is exclusive to women, since men never have to make that decision about their body. That is why it facilitates men, especially in legislative positions, trying to take their right to choose. However, abortion often occurs when parents realize that their child can have a disability for life, such as Down syndrome. In our current era, we realize that, although Down’s syndrome can limit the ability of people with the disorder.
However, these people can have a long and satisfactory life and the interruption of pregnancy due to this disorder is a form of genocide. The increase in scientific knowledge (thanks to the writing of many research work by the University by scientists) has also resulted in the ability of parents to predict the sex of their children at the beginning of pregnancy. This provides parents with the ability to interrupt pregnancy if it is not the sex they wanted. This gender selection is immoral and is often used in foreign countries in which patriarchal countries where women are belittled. Those who take into account moral reasons may believe in the right of a woman to abort, but not in the case of a child with Down syndrome.
In April 2007, the Legislative Assembly of the Federal District of Mexico City, where approximately 7.87% of the Mexican population lives, approved the decriminalization of the practice of induced abortion at the request of women until the twelve weeks of pregnancy. The Assembly, for 46 votes in favor, 19 against and 1 abstention, approved the reform of article 144 of the Criminal Code of Mexico D.F.
The decision of the 2007 Mexican Assembly was appealed and finally on August 29, 2008, the Supreme Court of Justice of Mexico ruled, by eight votes against three, that the Law of Mexico City that decriminalizes the abortion made during theFirst 12 weeks of gestation.
In 2011, the Federal Commission for Protection against Health Risks (COFEPRIS), authorizes the marketing in Mexico of Zacafemyl-Mifepristone for the interruption of pregnancy and other thirteen related therapeutic indications.
Abortion legislation in Mexico City, together with that of Cuba, is considered the most liberal about abortion in Latin America, being similar to abortion legislation in the United States and more restrictive than abortion legislation in Canada. This legal island in Mexico makes women from other states of the Mexican Republic move to the Federal District to carry out an induced abortion. About 52.484 Voluntary pregnancy interruptions have been carried out in Mexico City since its decriminalization in 2007 until 2011.
As a conclusion we can say that the issue of abortion today is still very controversial because there are many factors that intervene in the decision to do it, such as: institutions (legal and illegal), budget, place of residence, procedure, months of gestation, marital status, age, occupation, etc. As could be seen in the testimonies, these factors played an important role, since the participants when making the decision to practice it illegally, had physical consequences, such as spontaneous hemorrhages, abdominal pain, headache, pain pain. Emotional such as despair, fear, anxiety, and finally psychological, for example disturbing dreams, a high level of stress and conflicts with the couple. In this way, we can conclude that abortion is not an easy process to carry for a woman, due to the physical and psychological repercussions that were already mentioned, however it is interesting to take into account the perspective and the consequences of aabortion in man, since there are not many investigations in which the male perspective on this issue is addressed, giving importance to the couple’s opinion.