Light And Shadow Feminist Novel

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Light and shadow feminist novel

As are men for the public, thus women for enclosure;And as is from men to speak and come to light, thus of them locking and covering up "

Fray Luis de León, the perfect married.

Fray Luis de León: 1527-1591, in his texts an Andocentric thought appears (as can be seen in the appointment above) and we can see how the ideals of what will be the perfect woman from the 16th century through the 16th century throughThe regulatory speeches and that extend until the century of which we speak in light and shadow, to women who through their literature kill the "angel of the home" at the beginning of the 20th century. At this point in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century we will analyze a little above a few figures:

First we will name Virginia Woolf. Outstanding figure in the United Kingdom (1882-1941) that in "Professions for Women" tells us the constant struggle to follow to eradicate this angel which turns out that it never ends up being well dead and you have to continue constantly fighting to finishwith the:

“… I discovered that if I wanted to dedicate myself to book criticism, I would have to fight a battle with a certain ghost. And this ghost was a woman, and, when I met this woman better, I gave her the protagonist of a famous one, "The Angel of the House". She was the one who used to hinder my work, getting between paper and me, when she wrote book reviews. She was the one who hindered me, who made me waste time, who in such a way tormented that, finally, I killed her. You, who belong to a younger and more happy generation, you may not have heard of this woman, you may not know the meaning of my words when I mean the angel of the house. 

I will describe it as soon as possible. It was intensely comprehensive. He was intensely charming. It lacked selfishness. It stood out in the difficult arts of family life. He sacrificed himself daily. If there was chicken to eat, he stayed with the thigh;If there was an air stream, he sat in it;In summary, it was constituted in such a way that he never had its own opinion or desire, but also preferred to adhere to the opinion and desire of others. It goes without saying that, above all, it was pure. It was estimated that its purity constituted its main beauty.

His greatest grace were his blonders. In those days, the last of Queen Victoria, each house had her angel. And, when I started writing, I stumbled upon him, and to the first words. He projected on the page the shadow of his wings, I heard the whisper of his skirts in the room. That is, at the same moment that I took the pen in my hand to review the novel written by a famous man, the angel slid himself at my back, and murmured: ‘Dear, you are a girl, you write about a written bookFor a man. Be comprehensive, be tender, halaga, cheat, use all the arts and cunning of our sex. Never let someone suspect you have your own ideas. And, above all, be pure ’and the angel tried to keep my pen. And now I am going to tell you the only fact that, to some extent, I make my?-, So I had no need to depend exclusively on my charm to live. I turned to the angel and threw my hands on the neck. I did how much I could to kill him. 

My excuse, in the event that they took me before the Courts of Justice, would be the legitimate defense. If I hadn’t killed it, he would have killed me. I would have torn the heart of my writings. Yes, because, at the same time that I put the pen on paper, I discovered that even the criticism of a novel can be made, without having its own opinions, without expressing what is really believed by human relations, ofMoral and sex. And, according to the angel of the house, women cannot treat these issues freely and openly. They must use the charm, the conciliation, they must, say it is smooth and plain, to tell lies, if they want to succeed. Consequently, whenever I realized the shadow of his wings or the light of his halo on paper, he took the inkwell and threw him against the angel of the house. It took to die. His fictitious nature helped him greatly. It is much harder to kill a ghost than killing a reality. I always returned furtively, when I imagined that I had already liquidated it. Although I puff up that I finally killed him, I must say that the fight was ardu. But it was a real experience, an experience that all the writers of those times had to live. So, killing the angel of the house was part of the work of the writers."

Virginia Woolf, different women

Secondly, we will name, as less, also Emilia Pardo Bazán Spanish figure. This young woman shy, or silent, will not be submissive, will participate in the conversations of the men, opinion on issues that will be stoated at the mold established by the society for the ladies, and will argue and refute how much it creates necessary. Well, in Spain, the bourgeois liberal ideology was also unable to replace the old conceptions that had women and the "angel of the home" in Spain is a method of exalting the "Catholic feeling" of traditional woman.

In third place we will talk about Camela Eulate Sanjurjo with the protagonist of Teresa and María:

"The sanctified wife and ennobled by the halo of motherhood, would live locked in the Sanctuary of the Home, far from the foolish amusements and parties, with the love of her husband and her children … how different this image of beautiful andHigh Teresa!" 

And it is also both the doll and light and shadow are works that try to transform the narrative into to create a moral message for their readers (didactic function we have already talked about). A particularly revealing scene both for its meaning in the text and for the rewriting of which Ana Rqué will be subject to in that work.

We are talking about the scene in which Rosario, the protagonist, breaks in anger and throws her very expensive fan against a furniture when her husband communicates that they will not go to the governor’s dance. And she reveals that she had only been helping her when she was sick so she could improve because her only desire was to go to the dance. This scene reveals a bankruptcy of her personality and from here her husband will see her as manipulator and never had affection for him.

Later, Ana Roqué tells an episode of similar characteristics when Julia destroys a fan in the middle of a discursion with her "lover" when he treats him to convince that loving another man being married is not "nothing serious" and that he has to listento her feelings even when exposing her to a social sanction for the serious sin of adultery. Julia here exclaims that she will never be an venal woman and that her heart is weak but not that this passion is not going to resistor.

Here Julia is exposed as a woman who suffers her desires as a punishment unlike in the wrist that Rosario instrumentalizes the feelings. That is to say for one the woman is a being without feelings while for another woman is unable to stop her passions. Roqué seems to have read Carmela Euate’s novel and have given a touch to his clear, without going through friendness (not as in the wrist). This novel has been criticized in a double meaning: as if it were a criticism of the frivolity and lack of education of women or as a feminist novel, which is what we stayed throughout the seminar.

It is clear that Ara Roqué partly rewrites the wrist as a tribute, criticism and ambivalent gesture. And Eulaate knew finisecular feminism through Ana Roqué. With this I mean that through Julia, Rosario’s trajectory takes up to provide her with a clearer moral lesson.

Another fundamental figure, and to end, comparing it with light and shadow, is Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda in his work two women from the character of Luisa.

We can relate Luisa’s figure a little with Julia’s since both would be that kind of "divine" woman who captures male vision quickly and are trapped in an artificial and unstopious vision. Women with subjective personality that responds to social patterns. The two symbolize the angel of the home of the time. A submissive figure that has not yet initiated its evolutionary process in the search for its own personality and identity. His limited education and little experience make Luisa and Julia see that marriage as the only escape, happiness and gratification and are turned into "martyr" figures. Until the two "re-invent" and seek their own introspection. This is when Luisa makes friendship with Catalian as she is Emabaraza and Julia and Matilde never lose that friendship and how women help eachCompensation and help your own suffering. In the dosobras we see "the punishment" of following those concerted marriages and that allocates the woman to suffer … because the story ends tragic in the two works and one woman is sunny with the other through the delivery of her son. Here also appears the didactic function through the figure of Elvira when years later she says she has a very sad history of women to tell. As in light and shadow.

The feminism of Ana Roqué de Duprey

Ana Roqué was called "La Flor del Valle" has been a talented writer, scientist and educator who graduated with only nine years. He also defended the rights of women and was the founder of the University of Puerto Rico. Her mother, Géigel dies when she was born nine years old and her father educates her in the American style with total "freedom" being the only one of the people with that northern education. She was self-taught and her great culture covered foreign languages such as French, arithmetic, botanical literature above all, philosophy, history ..

When he is nineteen years in 1872 he marries Luis de Deprey and leaves to live with him to a farm with many slaves to which he repeats them again and again that they will soon be free and to those who prohibit them from being punished. And finally in 1873 with the emancipation of slaves celebrates a party in the town. Later he has a marriage crisis and his marriage with which he was not happy does not survive and she goes to work as a teacher in Arecibo and in 1894 her literary texts begin to appear frequently in the contemporary press of Puerto Rico. Motivated by the progress of women and the reach of the same opportunities that men instruct women and finally achieves the foundation of the University of Puerto Rico.

In 1917 he founded the first feminist organization: the feminine league. In 1924 the Puerto Rican Association of Sufragist women who later called the Insular Association of Women Voters.

He founded several newspapers and magazines that propel the progress of women and their ideological and political emancipation: Euterpe, women, evolution, the woman of the twentieth century … all this money she received was destined to the education and purchase of materials for women for women.

At this time, English feminists had already achieved the female vote and in the US since 120 it was constitutionally recognized. Puerto Rican feminists think that would be extended to Puerto Rico and a great debate arises. Ana Roqué belongs to reformist feminism of the beginning of the century (only middle -class women) and her groups fight for the vote following the American Dufragist movement model. In the end, the vote is granted to the woman who reads and writes at the end of 1929 but the Universal does not become law until 1935.

In 1932, Puerto Rican women exercise their right to vote and were elected to the legislature two of them: Isabel Andreu, by the Liberal Party, and María Luisa Arcelay, for the Republican-Socialist Coalition Party.

As a curiosity Ana Roqué could never vote since when the first elections were held she was invalid in a wheelchair and in no house of votes her registration appeared, but in reality her vote had been invalidated and she never came to know.

At the end of his career fight for the autonomy and independence of Puerto Rico.

"We are going to undertake the magna … to unite all the Puerto Ricans. Hate, to hell. Goodbye, let’s save Puerto Rico."

In light and shadow feminism is demonstrated through the friendship relationship Matilde and Julia that represent, so to speak to women of different social class, education and thought. Especially at the end of the work where Matilde defends Julia’s behavior: “Unfortunately we are formed from the same blood and with the same organization vices of you. We are not different from others, and we are usually demanded that we be as social conveniences would like us, and not as God and nature have formed us." 

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