Leviatán: The Giant Historical Whale
The Leviathan in the Bible
The Leviathan is a marine monster or mythical dragon that is mentioned in the Bible (Job’s book). Job 41 describes Leviathan as a marine monster or a dragon that spits fire. "Smoke comes out of his nose" and his breath is so hot that "turns on the embers" with "the flames coming out of his mouth". According to Job, Leviathan is so massive that it causes the waves of the sea.
Some scholars believe that the Leviathan is based on other similar legends of ancient villages that came into contact with the Jews, such as the Marine monster Canaano Lotan and the Babylonian goddess of the Mar Tiamat.
Just as Behemoth is an invincible monster of the earth and Ziz is a giant of the air, in the Jewish legend the Leviathan is portrayed as a primordial sea monster that cannot be defeated. Job 26 and Job 29 report that "the sword has no effect" and that "the sparks of the spear diverts it". According to legend, Leviathan will be served as an incoming for the Messianic banquet of Olam ha ba (the world to come). In this case, Olam has been conceived as a kingdom of God that will exist after the coming of the Messiah. The Talmud Baba Batra 75B establishes that the archangels Miguel and Gabriel will be the ones who will kill the Leviathan. Other legends say that God will kill the marine monster,
The Leviathan, the giant prehistoric whale
Jewish legends are full of metaphors, but what many people ignore is that Leviathan is a true marine monster that lived in the Miocene era and is the ancestor of modern sperm whale.
This marine monster is technically part of the fiseteroids, a family of toothed whales whose existence covers 20 million years in the evolutionary registry. The only physheteroids that are still currently. Other lost members of this group include Acrophyseter and Brygmophyseter that were small size compared to Leviathan and their descendants of Tercotes.
If you thought the Tyrannosaurus rex or the tiger of saber teeth had incredible fangs, they are nothing compared to those of Leviathan. This marine monster had the longest teeth of the entire animal kingdom, alive or dead, with 14 -inch fangs that were used to tear the meat of their poor victims. Surprisingly, Leviathan’s teeth were even larger than those of the Megalodon oceanic superdedor, although those of the prehistoric shark were more sharp.
A huge size
With a 50 -ton template and a length of 50 feet from the head to the tail, this old sperm whale had to swallow hundreds of food pounds every day to maintain its dough and feed its hot blood metabolism. The dams chosen in the Leviathan menu were small whales, seals and dolphins of the Miocene era. This marine monster also had to occasionally feed on fish, squid, sharks and all other underwater creatures that crossed their way on a bad day.
Megalodon vs Leviathan
Because the fossil evidence is quite scarce, it is not known how long the Leviathan dominated the oceans, but we know with certainty that he had to have crossed with the gigantic megalodon prehistoric shark since they lived in the same time. Although these predators Ápice probably did not persecute each other, they had to compete for the same food sources.
Did you say Livyatan?
The name Leviathan, in honor of the Marine Monster of the Old Testament Bible, seems more than appropriate for this giant whale. However, the researchers realized after the fact that this name had already been given to a kind of mastodon almost a century earlier. For this reason, this sperm whale is generally known as Livyatan, which is the Hebrew spelling of Leviathan. The name of the species, l. Melvillei, pays tribute to the famous nineteenth -century writer Herman Melville, creator of Moby Dick. Melville died long before the Leviathan was discovered;It is possible that he has known another prehistoric giant whale, the Basilosaurus of North America.
Leviathan is one of the rare prehistoric animals that have been discovered in Peru;This region of South America is not famous for its fossil beds due in large part to the whims of deep geological time and continental drift. Peru is better known for its prehistoric whales, and not only for the Leviathan, but also for other ‘proto-ballles’ that preceded it for dozens of millions of years, and also for their giant prehistoric penguins such as Inkayacu and Icadyptes. that were approximately the size of a large human adult.
Disappearance of the Leviathan
As mentioned above, it is not known how long this marine monster survived after the Miocene era. But it is still a fact that if the Leviathan has disappeared from the oceans it is undoubted. The final destination of the Leviathan was the same as that of his Archionemigo, the Megalodon Shark.