Labor absenteeism and its main causes
This work seeks to be carried out from a practical academic act, looking for the purpose of making a more transcendent approach in the health and safety issue of the Ethics LTDA company. Which is a company dedicated to the distribution and supply of medicines and mass consumption products at the national level that has as its main commitment the health and satisfaction of the needs of its customers, registered under the NIT. 892300678-7, whose main headquarters are located in the city of Barraquilla on road 40.
The headquarters on which this work is based is the headquarters of which is located on the medellín k 3 highway.5 via Bogotá Siberia Metropolitan Business Center . Currently, in Bogotá there is no person in charge of the safety and health argument at work. Whereby the human management coordinator performs small safety and health things at work leaving tasks without covering for work volume and little knowledge issues. Therefore, it is vital to make an analysis to identify the health status of workers or what problems can present in the future.
The methodology to be used to determine the problem is absenteeism indicators. The diseases of the skeletal muscle system have been for several years the first cause of employment disease worldwide and therefore affecting the health and work performance of many workers. The parts of the body that are affected by the DME are the back, neck, shoulders and upper limbs. The above can be corroborated in the Gatiso Standard, which stipulates that by the years 2001 and 2003 the second cause of labor morbidity was low back pain;presenting an increase from 12% to 22%.
The first cause of labor morbidity for the year 2004 were the skeletal muscle disorders. The high degree of absenteeism presented in the billing area in the Ethics LTDA company., It has increased by 367% of 2018 to the year 2019 and is given by medical factors related to the development of work. How to reduce labor absenteeism caused by osteomuscular ailments of the Billing Area of the LTDA Organization.? For team development it is necessary to obtain initial information about the levels of absenteeism in the company’s billing area.
For what the absenteeisms will be taken by medical conditions despising all those given by common illness such as flu, once the data is obtained, an evaluation will be done to the job in order to review the ergonomics of the activity and determine what condition what conditionIt is the possible cause of the health involvement of the collaborators and thus carry out efficient controls to the job, through the design of a team that facilitates the comfort of the work. The causes for medical absenteeism between 2018 and 2019 has increased by 367%.
Which shows that it is necessary to verify the cause of medical absenteeism and find a way to intervene. Absenteeism in operational staff is higher than in administrative staff which shows that it is necessary to implement a methodology to counteract this issue in cellar jobs. Given the rotation of staff of the jobs where the point of convergence is the billing point. There are various potential risks that could cause accidents within the organization’s winery.
As are fires to handle products in cardboard boxes, among others. For the analysis of the workplace in the billing area, an internal audit was carried out in the LTD Ethics Winery. Cedis Cota, directed by the Occupational Health and Safety Engineer with the accompaniment of the Sura Arl, it was found that currently the jobs are not ergonomic, since in the billing part the use of computers is necessaryAnd the height is standard there is no individual stature of each collaborator.
The measure that is handled is 1 meter with 45 cm. (Height in which the screen ends), it must be taken into account that the height of the screen must be in terms of the vision of the collaborator causing the size to vary per worker. The measure in which the workers are served would serve a maximum of a person of 1 meter stature with 50 cm and the collaborators exceed this measure. The proposal will first impact the Bodega collaborators of the Eticas LTDA company., In general for companies in the pharmaceutical sector, since there is currently 81% absenteeism.
This due to the Occupational Disease and according to the ARL The majority of these are due to disabilities by skeletal musculus pains. To the second measure present impact on the ergonomic health of the company’s employees in order to avoid labor diseases such as lumbar pain, intervertebral disorders, rotating sleeve syndrome, epochondylitis, tenavitis from the implementation of the graceable equipment. With the proposal for the design and implementation of the graceful team for the billing work that the employees must make for several moments in their workday.
The pharmaceutical company is expected. Through the implementation of the adjustable equipment, it can be acted in actions to prevent and promote the diseases of the skeletal muscle system such as;Lumbar pain, intervertebral disorders, rotator sleeve syndrome, epocondylitis, tenosinovitis. That the company based on the implementation of the proposal at the headquarters of the city of Bogotá wants to hire the program for all the country’s headquarters.