José María Arguedas and his contribution in Peru
“The truly heroic and difficult task was to extend to the majority of the capital population this understanding of art called indigenous."Way phrase, by one of the top representatives of indigenism, who struggled to make indigenous rights prevail. José María Arguedas and the affection he felt for the art he calls indigenous, he manages to see in his works, in which he embodied all a set of thoughts that tried to influence the Peruvian population, and that as the phrase “the phrase“ thetask is truly heroic and difficult ”;However, despite the legacy of José María Arguedas, in Peru there are still havoc of discrimination and rejection of the indigenous community. Therefore, I believe that the treatment between the indigenous population and ours has not improved despite the great contributions of José María Arguedas.
In his work "Yawar Fiesta", Arguedas exhibits in the most pure way one of the customs of the inhabitants of Puquio. The residents were already experiencing injustices and abuse by the Misti de la Costa, who intended to modify the traditional Andean -style bullfight;However, the indigenous people did not let them do it and finally the “Yawar punchay” celebration occurs as the villagers always did it. The fact that inspired me the most to make this essay was that of the uprising of the Indians towards the sub -prefect, since they show that they are strong and brave, not letting themselves be amylrated by the mysti, giving a sample of resistance and strength, which is what is what is whatmore identifies the Andean villager.
In this work José María Arguedas transmits the feeling of the natives to make their culture prevail despite the condition in which they are. The message of the work is clear, cultural identity should be the most important thing that we must have, since they have imposed us beliefs, customs and traditions that we are oblivious. Although today, many of the things that identify us have been disappearing, and I can sadly say that one of Arguedas’s fears is being fulfilled.
"Deep rivers" has great influences of Arguedas’s life, his childhood influenced him, where he and his father lived from city to city and finally set in Abancay, as well as the book. Ernesto the protagonist, is aware of the reality that the Indians have to face, and is not comfortable with the system of society, usually has conflicts with their classmates, who belong to the other world, that of masters and enslaving. And precisely as José María Arguedas would act, Ernesto takes refuge in the culture of the Indians, is fascinated with this, trying to discover the wonders of Quechua, of his customs and traditions.
Ernesto constantly lives with the two cultures, struggling to maintain his ideals, preventing the dominant culture of does not snatch the love and affection he has towards the Indians, because he is deeply rooted in him. We can see that Ernesto represents the midpoint of the dominant and dominated society, with the detail that he feels more welcomed in the world of the Indians, which, unlike his native world, is cruel and indifferent. And this is how it is still largely, because of course, it cannot be denied that there were changes in favor of the indigenous people, José María Arguedas was one of the most contributions with respect to that;However, at the bottom of the matter, people are still thinking about indigenous people as lower beings, who are only there as an image of an old Peru that nobody intends to value and rebuild, they do not realize that the Andean worldIt could help us approach nature, our origins, to solidarity among citizens.
What caught my attention from "deep rivers" was the discovery of the social context by ErnestThe experiences of the indigenous people and not only of them, also that of their classmates who usually commit impudic acts with the Indies and examines the streets, in which the worst of society is housed. With this I want to highlight the importance of knowing what we have, whether good or bad, young people now have a duty to be aware of the problems that our country entails, in order to form in full and work on values that can helpOur progress together with the minorities that are precisely affected by this: the ignorance of other people of their situation.
In “El Sexto” José María Arguedas tells us a fragment of his life in which he remained in a prison called with the same name of the work, after having participated in a student demonstration in favor of the Spanish Republic. Unlike his other works, "The Sixth" has a more political character and focused on the community, although if any doubt continues to present his Andean worldview to which we are accustomed. Gabriel, the main character is the spectator of all the injustices that are lived inside the jail, of which he feels very sorry and feels the need to help in what he can. In "The Sixth" we see how José María Arguedas symbolizes the evil of society, in all those despicable acts, which are the dark side of this, and Gabriel struggles for survival in that world. Arguedas returns to capture his deep feelings and the humanism that characterizes him. With this work he tries to make us understand with the character of "Gabriel", who in our hands is the duty to protect the natives or any person, of not being silent before any Ruin act and denouncing him. It also highlights the horror that was lived in prisons, within which people spent difficulties and ill -treatment;Something that we must also think and try to change it, since not only because they are criminals, they can be treated in this way, remembering that there are rights above all and that we must fully respect them.
In "The Sixth", the event that contributed to inspire me in this essay, was when the leaders of political prisoners;Pedro, Luis and Gabriel ask the prison commissioner, to stop sex and change prison to those who did the most damage. However, the commissioner denies them the request arguing that the jail is for "fucking" among them. When it is not, the prison should be a center where people fulfill their sorrows by taking away their freedom, this type of acts worsen the behavior of the prisoner, and many times they come out more affected than when they entered. The objective is to reinsert individuals with their problems already eliminated to society, not return them with more of these.
In his work “All the bloods”, José María Arguedas describes a revolution headed by Rendón Willka, which struggles to eliminate the oppression to which the Indians were subjected, and that in turn had to give their land and raw material to a companyInternational who wanted to take advantage of Don Fermín’s mine, Arguedas puts a little of his life in this work, since Rendón Willka suffers humiliations in the first years of school just like him. "All bloods" is one of Arguedas’s most ambitious works. And perhaps through this work he wanted. In turn, it tells us that indigenous culture should not be destroyed by any type of modernization that assimilates;The indigenous culture must live with us, learning from it and she also from us, since in the end, a culture is formed with the contributions of other cultures, this is not static, it is in constant movement, but without losing itsessence. That is why Arguedas through this work reminds us that Peru is not only made up of a race, but for several, and that Peru is the meeting of all blood.
Especially, the event that was recorded in me and that it was another reason to express myself in this essay, was the fact that Rendón Willka, once finished his studies, returns to his land already with his ideals developed and willing to fight forThe most oppressed. We can take it as an example and say that we are all able to defend those who need it most, there are no obstacles to do the common good.
José María Arguedas was aware of the reality in which he was, witnessing the injustices that existed against the Indians, and accompanied by that love and appreciation towards them, together with the gift he had to write, he did not want to be just a witness, but the spokesman who influenced that society that had given him birth. His works have a lot to do with his life, and from my point of view, José María Arguedas did it because he wanted to describe real events, which had lived them in his own flesh in order to have a greater impact on the thought of others and change theSituation of our country. However, there is still inequality and injustices at the moment, perhaps not very evident as before, but there are still. The indigenous community is the most disadvantaged sector in Peru and sadly its condition has not changed much. That is why the ideology that José María Arguedas transmitted at some point and that is still present in his works, are not using it;We are not reflecting on our reality. That treatment we have with the natives has not progressed, the encounter between those two worlds that Peru possesses, we are not taking advantage of to learn each other, but to get away more and more and follow separate paths, which go in the opposite direction of a country withoutBarriers, with equality for all and especially from a country that learns that union is the key to achieving well -being and collective happiness.