Jesus Christ, God made man
Christianity originated in Judaism, so it is necessary to find the political and religious world of the Jews to find the beginning of Christianity. During the Greek period, under the government of the seleucid rulers, the Jewish people enjoyed considerable independence. The contact between the Romans and the Jews began in the year 63. Around the sixth year of our time, the Jews became a province under Roman prosecutors. However, agitation continued, and the differences between the Jews exacerbated her.
At first, Christianity extended slowly. Although the teachings of primitive Christianity spread greatly through missionaries who preached Christianity, written materials also appeared. The first Christian groups gathered in private houses at dusk, shared a public meal called ‘agape’ or ‘love party’, and celebrated the sacrament that was later called Eucharist or ‘Santa Communion”.
Most important beliefs
In different variants, it is common to have some things in common:
- God is one and three at the same time: Father, Son and Holy Spirit.
- God created the world and humanity with his image and portrait of Him, and it was he who kept the universe.
- Jesus Christ is the man who reveals the true nature of God, his father and the father of all things.
- God comes from the origin of man, cares for them and immortalizes all those who seek salvation through good works.
- The Bible is the most important book of Christianity because it includes the new and the Old Testament. Although in fact it is adjusted according to the Church. Over the years, for example at the Council of Trent, the Bible has been reviewed.
The teachings of Christianity vary according to the Church in question, but most people declare the following:
- forgiveness of sins. Being faithful to morals and moral principles
- The second coming. Most Christian churches are waiting for the second coming of the Messiah, which means that the final judgment will come, in which the righteous will be separated from the sinner.
- The resurrection of the flesh. In the final judgment, the sinner will be punished, the righteous will be rewarded by the kingdom of heaven, and the resurrection of the dead and eternal life will continue.
- The Divine Grace. The grace of God allows Jesus Christ to obtain human salvation through his sacrifice, the third day of resurrection and subsequent ascent.
The Roman Catholic Apostolic Church celebrates several events related to the history of Jesus Christ every year. This ordination is called liturgical calendar. Sometimes these are celebrations, sometimes they are commemorations, solemn celebrations or duel. Most events have no fixed dates and vary from year to year, these are the most important:
- Santa Maria, Madre de Dios: is celebrated on January 1. This party reminds us that Mary is blessed by God.
- Epiphany party: Christian parties in which Jesus exists in the world, that is, Jesus ‘becomes famous’. Three main events such as Epiphany were held: Epiphany before the Three Kings, the Epiphany of San Juan Bautista and his disciples with the miracle in Cana that begins his public performance. Among them, the most famous is the first celebration, on January 6, where the three Kings Gaspar, Melchor and Baltasar appeared from the East to worship the first manifestation of worshiping Jesus as a child, offering gold, incense and myrrh.
- The baptism of the Lord. Baptism is a ritual of initiation or purification: it consists of pouring water on a person and invoking the Trinity: Father, Son and Holy Spirit. In this way, those who received it were asked to participate in the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ, and since then they have become part of the Church. This action is often known as “baptism’.
- Presentation of the Lord: Every year a party is celebrated on February 2 to celebrate the presentation of Jesus Christ by his parents in the temple of Jerusalem. According to the New Testament, Mary and Joseph took Jesus to the temple, and according to the custom, they provided two turtled turtles.
- Annunciation of the Lord: Angel Gabriel announces to Mary that she is going to be the mother of Jesus. It is celebrated on March 25.
- Lent: period of forty days before the Easter party. Officially begins on Ash Wednesday (February 26, 2020) and ends before the Lord’s Supper on Holy Thursday (April 9, 2020). It symbolizes 40 days before the death and resurrection of Jesus, in which Jesus lived in the desert. During this period, the spirit of repentance, conversion and reflection must be followed. The ceremonial color: Purple.
- Carnival Tuesday: former Christian holiday held in several countries on Tuesday (last day of the carnival), which precedes Ash Wednesday. In 2020 it is up to him on February 25.
- Ash Wednesday: Ash Wednesday is the Wednesday before the first Sunday of Lent. The celebration is held forty days before Easter, which is held on Ramos Sunday. Like Good Friday, this day is a day of fasting and abstinence. The ashes on the fronts of the devotees who attended the Mass were caused by the burning of the Palma Sunday bouquet of the previous year. Annual Ash Wednesday is celebrated on different dates, ranging from February 4 to March 10. 2020 corresponds to February 26.
- Passion Week: Week before Holy Week, with processions and preparations.
- It begins with Passion Sunday or Fifth Sunday of Lent, which is the previous one to Palm Sunday. They stand out in different locations on Monday of Passion, Thursday by Passion, on Friday of Dolores and on Saturday of Passion.
- Painful Friday: the sad Friday or Friday of Passion, also known as the Council Friday in some places, is Friday included in the ‘Passion Week’, before ‘Palm Sunday’. The tribute of this day is due to the masses, pilgrimages and processions to the painful virgin or the Virgin of Pain.
- Holy Week: It’s eight days of the year in which the passion, death and resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth is commemorated. Ramos Sunday begins and ends resurrection Sunday.
- On the day of the Holy Innocents: The Day of the Holy Innocents is the commemoration of a historical fact: the slaughter of all children under two years born in Bethlehem (Judea), ordered by King Herod in order to get rid of the newly Born Jesus of Nazareth. It is celebrated on December 28.
- Christmas: Christmas, it is a Christian party in which it celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ in Bethlehem.
- The Immaculate Conception of Mary: The Immaculate Conception of Mary also known as Purísima Concepción, is the doctrine that maintains that the Blessed Virgin Mary was preserved immune from any original spot of guilt from the first moment of her conception, by the grace of God.
- Advent: Festivity that is celebrated the four Sundays prior to Christmas
- On the day of the dead dead: November 2 is the day of remembering and paying tribute to all deceased people.
- The exaltation of the Holy Cross: also known as the triumph of the Holy Cross, it is a religious festival in which the recovery of the cross is commemorated, in which Jesus Christ was crucified. The date of celebration is September 14.
- Birth of the Virgin Mary: The birth of the Virgin or Nativity of Mary is celebrated on September 8, nine months after the solemnity of her Immaculate Conception.
- Saint John: traditional Christian celebrations for the birth of St. John the Baptist, a prophet who announced the arrival of Christ. It is celebrated every June 24, almost exactly six months before the eve of the birth of Jesus.
Symbols of Christianity
The main concept of Christian religious symbolism comes from the prohibition of the idolatry of images of Christian origin and the need to hide their cult. The first Christians had to resort to symbolic symbols, signs, abstract forms (such as crosses, stylized fish) to feed their dedication and avoid persecution. Ancient symbols already exist in some cases, but their meanings are completely different.
- Cruz Christian: The Christian Cross has become the main symbol of Christianity. However, in previous religions and civilizations, the use of this symbol has been very common.
- Crismón is one of the best known christmas. That is, a combination of letters to represent the word Jesus Christ.
- Ichthys. The ichthys, sometimes written also Ichtus, is one of the oldest symbols of Christianity that was initially used as a secret symbol among Christians.
- The dove, sweet and mild animal has always been a symbol of purity and innocence, it becomes a symbol of the Holy Spirit.
- Alfa and Omega: First and the last letter of the Greek alphabet, they indicate that Christ is the beginning and the end of everything according to the appointment of the Apocalypse.
- Protestantism: It is one of the most important branches of Christianity. Protestants only accept baptism and the Eucharist.
- Orthodox: Orthodox churches separated from the Catholic Church in the eleventh century. It constitutes a community of independent churches, each directed by its bishop.
- Catholic: It is the branch of Christianity formed by the Roman Apostolic Catholic Church in Western Europe. He has his center in the Vatican that has the Pope as a supreme authority.
- Anglican Church: Anglican Christianity has deep roots in the centuries prior to the 16th century. They reject the cult of the images and all their bishops have the same range sharing the leadership of the Church.