Iraq’s invasion in Kuwait
In 1990, Iraq invaded Kuwait’s country and began the Gulf War. After Iraq lost the Gulf War, they accepted the United Nations inspections. In the early 2000s, Iraq refused to allow UN inspectors to enter the country. Then it happened on September 11. The United States began to worry that Iraq leader, Saddam Hussein, was helping terrorists and was secretly developing weapons of mass destruction.
When ṣaddām refused to leave Iraq, the United States and the allied forces launched an attack on the morning of March 20;It began when the American airplanes launched several bombs in a bunker complex in which the Iraqi president was believed. This was followed by a series of air attacks directed against the government and military facilities, and in a few days the US forces had invaded Iraq from Kuwait in the south.
Little damage was done with the Iraqi forces;In fact, a large number of Iraqi troops simply chose not to resist the progress of coalition forces. In southern Iraq, the greatest resistance to US forces. UU. While they advanced north, I came from irregular groups of supporters of the BAIT party, known as Fedayeen de Adadam. The British forces, which had been deployed around the southern city of Al-Baṣrah, faced similar resistance by paramilitaries and irregular combatants.
In the center of Iraq units of the Republican Guard were deployed, a strongly armed paramilitary group related to the ruling party, to defend the capital of Baghdad. As the armed and marine forces of the US. UU. They advanced northwest through the River Valley, overlooked many populated areas where Fedayeen’s resistance was stronger and reduced only on March 25, when the inclement weather and an extended supply line forced them to stop their progress insideof the 95 km of Baghdad.
During the pause, the United States plane inflicted serious damage to the Republican Guard units in the capital. The United States forces resumed their progress in a week, and on April 4 they took control of Baghdad International Airport. Iraqi resistance, although sometimes vigorous, was highly disorganized, and during the next few days, the units of the army and marine infantry made raids in the city center. On April 9, resistance in Baghdad collapsed, and American soldiers took control of the city.
The same day, Al-Baṣrah was finally insured by the British forces, who had entered the city several days before. However, in the north, the plans to open another important front were frustrated when the Turkish government refused to allow the US Army units. UU. Mechanized and armored will pass through Turkey to deploy in northern Iraq.
In any case, an American paratrooper regiment was dropped in the area, and the soldiers of the United States special forces joined the fighters Peshmerga Kurdos to seize the cities of northern Kirkuk on April 10 and MosulApril 11. Regime, fell with little resistance on April 13.
Isolated groups of loyal to the regime continued to fight in later days, but the president of the United States declared the end of the major fight on May 1. Iraqi leaders hid and were subject to intense search by US forces. Ṣaddām ḥussein was captured on December 13, 2003 and delivered to the Iraqi authorities in June 2004 to be tried for several crimes;He was subsequently convicted of crimes against humanity and was executed on December 30, 2006.
After the collapse of the Baptist regime, the main cities of Iraq exploded in a wave of looting that went mainly to government offices and other public institutions, and there were severe sprouts of violence. Restoring the law and order was one of the most arduous tasks for the occupation forces, one that was aggravated by continuous attacks against occupation troops that soon became a large -scale guerrilla war.
More and more, the conflict became identified as a civil war. There were victims of the coalition in the initial combat of 2003, with about 150 deaths on May 1. However, the deaths of the United States troops shot thereafter, reaching about 1. 000 at the time of the US presidential election in November 2004 and exceeding 3.000 In early 2007.
In addition, several hundred soldiers from other countries of the coalition have been killed. The number of Iraqis who died during the conflict is uncertain. An estimate made to fines of 2006 placed the total in more than 650,000 between the invasion led by the United States and October 2006, but many other estimates reported in the figures for the same period in around 40,000 to 50,000.
After 35 years of Baptist government, the economy was in ruins and little by little began to recover. In addition, the country was still loaded with a heavy debt that exceeded its annual gross domestic product, and oil production, the country’s largest source of income, was seriously hindered. The continuous attacks of the guerrillas against the occupation forces and the leaders of the new Iraqi government in the years after war only aggravated the difficulty of rebuilding Iraq.