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History, life and death of Leonardo Da Vinci
No one Saturday, April 15, 1452 in Anchiano, Florence. He was a descendant of a rich family of nobles, since he was an illegitimate son of his father, since this pregnancy to a young 15 -year -old peasant, at the time of her birth was delivered. His grandfather Antonio da Vinci and spent his first 5 years of his life in his father’s house where he was treated as a legitimate son. His education was not regular, he received knowledge of arithmetic, reading and writing, the latter chaotic giving evidence some gaps of them accompanying not having learned Latin which was the teaching base at that time. His father got married 4 times giving ten sons and two daughters, Leonardo had maintained a very good relationship with his first stepmother, but he died young in labor and took Leonardo to have another good relationship with his last stepmother Lucrezia Guglielmo Cortigiani La Which one came to call a mother.
His grandmother Lucia said Piero de Zoso was the person who approached Leonardo to the arts, according to the biographer Giorgio Vasari one day being Piero I took a few drawings from Leonardo who at that time drew nature and cartoons showed him to his friend his friend Andrea del Verrocchio who impressed by the great capacity of the young man told his father that he could comply Boticcelli.
Leonardo worked a year doing basic work for apprentices such as cleaning brushes and so and then learning various topics such as learning the foundations of chemistry, metallurgy, leather and plaster work, mechanics and carpentry, so as of various artistic techniques such as drawing, painting and sculpture about marble and bronze. Likewise, he received training in skills such as the preparation of colors, engraving and painting of fresh. During his time in collaboration with Verrocchio I did not do any work of which he has knowledge, the only known work was the angels of the baptism of Christ who was painting his teacher Verrocchio which according to the legend Verrocchio stopped painting that day when he realized that he was overcome by his student in a masterful way to see the details contained in those angels; That despite being a great pintos and sculptor for Lorenzo de Medici.
In 1472, at the age of twenty, he appeared registered in the Red Book of the Guild of San Lucas, the guild of artists and doctors in Medicine, which in Florence was grouped with the denomination of the ‘Campagnia de Pittori’. From this era derives one of his first known works, the landscape of the Arno or Landscape Valley of Santa Maria Della Neve, a pen and ink drawing. This is how his painter’s career began with already outstanding works such as the Annunciation, and improved the technique of Sfumato, which was basically a technique that the invention to a refinement point never achieved before him. In 1476 he is always mentioned as Verrocchio’s assistant, since, even after his father helped him to have his own workshop, he continued collaborating with his teacher because he professed a great affection. During this period, he received personal orders and painted his first painting, the Virgen del Clavel. The judicial archive of this year collects the fact that he and three more men were accused in a sodomy case, but all were acquitted. This document, which started from an anonymous accusation, does not allow categorically to affirm that Leonardo was homosexual.
Soon Leonardo also highlighted as an engineer. In 1478, he offered to lift the octagonal church of San Juan de Florencia. In that year Leonardo was 26 years old, and that was when he walked away from his teacher after having surpassed him in all disciplines. In this way he became an independent master painter.
By 1490 he created an academy that brought his name, in which he taught his knowledge for a few years, writing down all his investigations in little treaties. He painted the fresco of the last dinner for the Dominican convent of Santa Maria Delle Grazie. In 1496, Milan Luca Pacioli arrived and established a great friendship with Leonardo (this was the man who began accounting). A little later, in 1498, he built the roof of the castle of the Sforza. He returned to Venice in April 1500 to stay there for a couple of months after having been in Mantua in the company of Luca Pacioli. In Mantua he stood out for a portrait he made to Isabel of this. A letter from April 4, 1501 in which Pierre de Nuvola responds to the Duchess of Mantua, in relation to Leonardo states that his studies have moved him away from painting. In 1501, the approval to make a preparatory sketch of what would be the Virgin and the Child with Santa Ana and San Juan Bautista, in the convent of the Santissima Annunziata, a work that caused such admiration that came to observe it as if they were participating in A great festival.
One of Leonardo’s defects was that he failed to finish some projects that were commissioned, one of these times was because he was depressed as he was not chosen to paint the Sistine Chapel in which several of the most recognized painters of the time had fought for Obtaining that job, despite that he was a frying cartoonist, since he had a large number of notebooks where he wrote down various sketches and ideas that came to mind at the time, in fact the annotations he made in them had to be read Through a mirror so that they did not know about their ideas, since in that then the theft of ideas and works was quite common at that time all for the desire for fame and recognition.
He was a teacher of various disciplines such as sculpture and more important engineering, since for the city of Florencia, various defense systems against possible Turkish attacks, and even if he was not an artillery From the observation of a torrent of water from a small source where I observe that the liquid did not follow its totally horizontal path as believed at the time, but that it followed a full curve to the ground, of course never develop any theory or basis for this.
Leonardo’s most intimate relationships were with his student Salai and Francesco Melzi. Melzi written that Leonardo’s feelings were a mixture of love and passion. After the 16th century these relationships have been described as erotic. From then on, much has been written about that alleged homosexuality and about the role of this in his art, particular.
In 1516 he went to France along with his assistant, the painter Francesco Melzi, and also with Salai who accompanied them to Milan. His new patron and protector, the king of France Francisco I, installed them in the house where he lived in his childhood, Clos-Lucé Castle, near Amboise Castle. He was the first painter, first engineer and first architect of the king and received a pension of 10,000 shields. In the French court they were more interested in the painter than by the engineer, which in Italy was the most valued. The fact that Francisco I gave him the castle of Clos-Lucé can be understood as a message to Leonardo to do what he wanted. He was not the first artist to receive this honor, because Andrea Solario and Giovanni Giocondo had preceded him a few years before. Leonardo projected the Royal Palace of Romorantin, which Francisco I intended to erect for his mother of Savoy: it would be a small city, for which he foresaw the diversion of a river that enriched it with water and fertilized the neighboring countryside. In 1518 he participated in the celebrations of the Baptism of the Dolphin and the wedding of Lorenzo de Médici with a niece of the French king.
On April 23, 1519, Leonardo, sick for several months, wrote his testament before an Amboise notary. He asked for a priest to confess and receive extremeunciation. He died on May 2, 1519, in Cloux, at the age of 67. The tradition says that he died in the arms of Francisco I, but this is probably based on an erroneous interpretation of an epigraph written by Giorgio Vasari