Conflicts In The Korean War

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Conflicts in the Korean War


The Korean Peninsula is located east of the Asian continent, between China and Japan, limiting the north with Russia and China. It is surrounded by the sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea, it has an area of 220 847 km² and a length of 1100 km and 3579 islands around it. From its beginnings to 1910 Korea was made up of empires such as: Go-Joseon (2333 to. C.-37 a. C.);He was one of the three kingdoms (37 to. C.-668 d. C.) and Balhae;Unified chair and balhae;Grayeo;Finishing with the Joseon dynasty, which made it a pre -industrial society, where foreign trade was prohibited and implemented confucionism philosophy and forming an alliance with China among other neighboring countries.


As the history of the kingdoms has passed, he also suffered a conquest for Mongolia, Manchuria and in the mid -twentieth century when in Korea the nationalist Kim Koo ruled the country, who was the sixth and last president of the Korean Peninsula, was invaded by Japanand used as a naval and land base with the aim of attacking China, raising its economy for the industrialization of Korea and its inhabitants did not go hungry through the agricultural resources that the peninsula offered. When Japan defeats China, Korea is unprotected and drastically changes from ideals, technology, diplomacy and commerce, in 1937 Korean language.

The teachings of the history and culture of the country were prohibited in schools, as part of a campaign to eradicate all types of national identity, this because it was at the mercy of the foreign invader and due to the Korea-Japan annexation agreement, the countryIt was occupied by approximate 170.000 Japanese who forced citizens to perform forced labor, suffered a great food deficit and Korea’s standard of living suffered a drastic deterioration;When Japan enters the war in 1941 recruiting hundreds of Koreans, so some had to emigrate to Japan or Manchuria (province of China that was also colonized by Japan) to have a better life. 

Wanting to expel the Japanese became "the great dream" of the Koreans, since this guaranteed the independence of the Peninsula, where Japanese was also encouraged before the Koreans and as a consequence of the dictatorships imposed there is a civil confrontation where allThey were against the official Japanese assimilation policy, in 1919 protests were created trying to become independent although they were not successful, the demonstrations left between dead and injured approximately 7.000 people in 12 months of protests, since by opposing the Japanese government they went against the Korea-Japan agreement.

On May 8, 1945, the end of World War II is declared, but on August 14 of the same year Japan surrenders because his country was devastated due to atomic bombing in Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, 1945;Leaving countries invaded in freedom such as: Thailand, Burma, Borneo, Las Indias, among other countries, among which Korea was involved. Korean happiness felt in the air, freedom was real, but the feeling of optimism did not last for long. With the defeat of the Japanese in the IIGM, he was forced to withdraw his Korean troops leaving her as a free state on May 8, 1945.

This joy was brief because the liberation of the colonies did not mean independence, beginning the ideological and political conflicts. With the end of World War II and the beginning of the Cold War, Korea as other countries between 1946 – 1948 the Korean State suffered ideological problems by separating Korea in: “While post -bilge optimism was replaced by the distrust of the Cold War,The two Koreas took very different paths. The South was led to the capitalism of the free market and the north towards the traditional directives of communism ”where the triumph of the communist revolution on October 1, 1949 completely altered the strategic geo balance of Asia.

On the other hand, the Soviet Union that came with many problems to expand and continue to evolve as a power, dominates the north of the Korean Peninsula and sends an attack towards South Korea, however, the United States that already administered that part of the RepublicWell, having the ambition to expand decides to help her. With the end of World War II in 1945 and the beginning of the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union that begins that year. The world had two ideologies: the communism that “is a political, economic and social doctrine that aspires to the equality of social classes.

Through the elimination of private property of the means of production (the earth and the industry) ". And capitalism: "Capitalism is a socio -economic system in which the means of production and distribution are privately and for profit". The Asian Peninsula was divided being the 38 parallel between “North Korea” or Democratic Popular Republic of Korea, governed by the military Kim Jong-il also known as: “The Great Leader” and uses autocracy as a form of government, its capital is Pyongyang where they received support from both the USSR and China and began a militarization process.


After the 38th parallel was “South Korea” or Republic of Korea which was governed by Syngman Rhee leader of the Korean nationalist movement, with capital in Seoul where the repression of the pro communist guerrillas or other left -wing movements this republic began to this republicJust as their neighbor received support from capitalist countries such as: United States, Australia, Canada, United Kingdom and other capitalist nations. Both Koreas yearned for their ideological governing the Korean Peninsula and that it is unified under their command, unfortunately these types of ambition 

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