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Characteristics of the autonomy and empathy of children
This essay is about the autonomy and empathy that children have, since these feelings values or affections that very few children develop in the case of empathy very few are born with the ability to understand and understand certain feelings that and reactions of Other people this is great help because when it comes to starting a conversation this helps us to approach more easily and be able to talk more, however, autonomy is very confused with independence because this refers to that there are certain things that children can And they must do things alone, such as studying, changing clothes wanting to learn and have values, although there are many times children who lack these feelings.
It should be noted that these values can be instilled by parents, since these are of great help in the social environment.
According to the virtual book "Autonomy" refers to us (identity and personal autonomy, refers to the progressive knowledge that children are acquiring from themselves, the self-image they will have through this knowledge, and to the ability to use the personal resources that at all have ”)
In the book Empathy: the key to connect with the other balarts, M. ("Empathy is the ability to understand the needs, feelings and problems of others, putting themselves in their place and thus being able to respond correctly to their emotional reactions")
According to Amarillys J. In his book p. 27 Development of autonomy in three -year -old children (“autonomy is the ability of the human being to perform activities alone. Human beings must be aware of what they are capable and that have all the skills and skills to carry out activities and make decisions autonomously. For a student to become an autonomous adult, parents and adults who are in her environment should help and support him to achieve this goal. It should be remembered that, at this age, there is the sensitive period of autonomy and that makes this work spontaneously ”)
Autonomy is an important value in children because it allows to measure how far they can reach, this is very confused with independence because it refers to doing things alone, autonomy has certain fundamental basic pillars that are:
- Self esteem
- Optimal frustration
It is important to instill in children autonomy, since this allows them to measure their emotional capacity and their development according to age, in turn makes them feel much more secure when having them, an initiative that allows them to measure themselves like human beings. This attitude does not favor the development of children, since in these ages they have a favorable attitude to do things alone.
For Benitez, I. In his book autonomy in education, p. 1 “Indeed, when the boy or girl is born it is a defenseless and dependent being, needing adult assistance for the satisfaction of almost all their needs. As he evolves, he becomes more independent, and that independence will be conditioned, to a large extent, by the level of autonomy that he gets in interaction with the different contexts in which he develops ”
Promoting autonomy is important, this also refers to habits within home, education, behavior, but also acts as a right, that is, it intervenes as a guarantee of people outside the capacities in order to acquire more knowledge from Measure of how the years go by there is important to teach our children of autonomy.
There are actions that must be corrected by parents, that is, when we see that children try to do something alone we do not take away their impulse with negative comments that can intimidate the child’s action, since this interrupts the skill in which the child can Being developing one of these skills or actions that are presented at a very early age is that of the development of cleaning either personal or the house in 4-7-year-old girls can come from wanting to help in what to do the home where many Sometimes parents to this action do not let it develop either to look at it as something lazy or perhaps due to social and ethical behavior, the difficulty lies in being aware that we have to allow them to be wrong while letting them do their tasks. The rush are the greatest enemy to foster the autonomy of the little ones, since, on numerous occasions, we do not give them time to choose or do not allow them to do their tasks, since when we do adults we take less.
Autonomy is also important in a moment of danger that parents always instill.
According to Yagoesesky: “From the moment of conception, the human being that is in the womb, is dependent. It is required from the moment of birth numerous care by the mother (company, stimulation, attention that he cannot provide for himself). What should be avoided to a large extent is attachment, dependence, which limits the development of a healthy and mature personality, where autonomy is normal, that is, think, choose and decide for oneself."p. 26.
In turn, it should be taken into account that autonomy occurs at all age of the human being and serves as an independence measurement, with this this also serves in making decisions and is very important in the development of cognitive, affective skills and psychomotor.
Empathy is one of the most important feelings in children because it is about analyzing and instilling good feelings in children in this feeling enter different types of empathy from empathy as human, educational, emotional being.
According to Mayer and Salovey (1997) intelligence is conceptualized through four basic skills, which are: the ability to perceive, value and express emotions exactly; the ability to access and/or generate feelings that facilitate thinking; The ability to understand emotions and emotional knowledge and, finally, the ability to regulate emotions promoting emotional and intellectual growth.
At present, empathy emphasizes the ability of a people, that is, a response of aptitudes such as cognitive aspects such as affective being a positive response to self – esteem and trying to assimilate circumstances of life of what is being passing, this feeling is also present in the life of the human being according to the experiences and skills to accept a situation.
Many times there are children or person who lack empathy, for example children when they are in school tend to make jokes, make fun or bullying to other children, because we have to realize that they do not feel or the lack of empathy does not allow them put on the shoes of another is to say what at that time the other affected child is feeling.
Many times we do not realize what a child can be affecting him, with that we issue comments and we do not ask how they are or if something is affecting them.
The family is the affective mediator that is most related to prosocial and altruistic behavior. In the family, people can develop positive social feelings, know and regulate their emotions (emotional intelligence), take advantage of their motivational energy and the benefit they have in relationships with others.
In children it is important Empathy demonstrates the best of human being that a child can have.
This enters different aspects to understand the emotional state of a child, for example:
Emotional understanding: It is the ability to identify emotional signals, understand them, analyze them, label them and recognize in which categories the feelings are grouped together. That is, it is a skill in which emotional knowledge is used. In addition, it implies knowing and interpreting the causes that generate a mood and the consequences that our emotions will have.
Emotional compression contains skills to understand complex feelings and to recognize transitions between emotions and the appearance of simultaneous and contradictory feelings.
It concludes with autonomy is part of the human being because it allows it to be measured to be capable and that this value one obtains it since child Children always usually have empathy for the rest and that something important is to see the feelings of a child to see their mood.
- According to Amarillys J. P. 27 Development of autonomy in three-year-old children- http: // glyphs.Unis.Edu.GT/Digital/Thesis/2011/43895.PDF
- Benitez, i. In his book autonomy in education, page 1 http: // www.Eduinnova.es/feb09/the%20Autonomia%20en%20la%20ducacion%20infantil.PDF
- Mayer, j. D. & Salovey, P. (1997). What is emotional intelligence? In Salovey, P. & Sluyter, D. (EDS.), Emotional Development and Emotional Intelligence: Educational implications (pp. 3-31). New York: Basic Books.
- YAGOSESKY – "Autonomy: Decide for me". http: // www.NLP.com/chasq/a/15959. Date: March 09/2010