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Body Language In the affective area
The purpose of this writing is focused on showing on body expression (EC) within the affective area, first, what we call body expression? What is the affective area?, To begin the EC is that expression that is central to these gestures and movements making it as the main instrument to the body, considering that, through it, the child expresses his emotions, feelings, sensations, thoughts, states of Aniño, among others;Within it there are 3 elements: the body, space and time, allowing it to relate to the environment, to others and with themselves.
According to Villard (2015), he points out that EC facilitates the integral development of the infant from communication, spontaneity, creativity and imagination by directing it towards good teaching, that is, the infant from the first years of life his body expression is given through the gameWith his own body, expressing his creativity spontaneously, his sensitivity, handling his space individually and in a group in order to communicate a message and obtain adequate and satisfactory learning.
As far as the affective area is concerned are the feelings, feelings, emotions that are transmitted during the first life of the infant, although it is worth emphasizing that certain feelings are innate, because through prenatal stimulation these affections are already transmitted during thatperiod.
At present it is necessary to highlight that the domain of EC is important in initial and preparatory education therefore contributes to the development of the abilities, skills in the child, which can obviously be applied in different ways such as music, in music,Dance especially in theater. On the other hand, Sánchez and Pérez (2013) affirm that body expression is some discipline that has as its object the development of the expressive, communicative and lucid behavior of the individual, in other words, it is the infant’s own language.
Continuing with the previous paragraph Sánchez and Pérez (2013), they mention that within the EC in the educational field there are some series of skills such as:
- Communication: It is nonverbal. It occurs in three moments: action, action plus observation and action plus reaction.
- Socialization: which occurs through the social friend.
- Creativity: it manifests itself spontaneously.
The child for his naturalness develops a number of behaviors in order to attract attention in the adult. In the same way Soto and Hernández (2017) allude that affective development frames in the child a fundamental role towards a set of actions, which is presented in different specific characteristics such as, for example: the child since its birth presents some manifestations such as emotions, interests, needs and gestures through various means of expression. That is, the child’s emotional development occurs in an interval of the social environment and the environment in which it is located, that is, affectivity are certain feelings that he has towards another and with himself and with himself.
Within the affective development there are two factors that are through the environment of their own environment such as: culture, situations, circumstances, that is, during the first years of the infant’s life its social interaction will be consistent with the surrounding environmentAnd internal factors become feelings, personality, character, etc., innate.
Affective development is structured in four dimensions:
- Interaction behaviors: Its purpose is to evaluate when the child makes expressions through a caress, an attitude of adult care, etc.
- Motor behaviors: aims to evaluate at the time of group or individual activities, their reflexes, etc.
- PHYSIOLOGICAL STATE CONTROL: Its purpose is to evaluate when the child presents a manifestation such as a tantrum.
- Stress responses: Its purpose is to evaluate when the child receives a improvised blow.
Gonzalez and Marchant (2016) testify that affective development are two types of affective links: the first is the social link by nature that refers to attachment and friendship and the second sexual link by nature such as falling in love. That is, at the time that child development of the child progresses, certain types of affective links occur that in themselves take a different appearance through a smile, a laugh, etc., describing that the affective activity of the infant is directed towards new appreciations and understandings.
- Finally, body expression refers to these feelings, emotions that occur through non -verbal language and aims at the body’s body development that manifest through looks, gestures, the way of walking, of sitting,etc., which in turn denote their personality. EC is important during the first years of life, since through it they begin to be aware of their body scheme, to acquire notions, to express ideas through gestures.
- With regard to the affective area within the EC, Muñoz (2017) points out that the child during his development focuses on his needs, his interests with the environment are varying. That is, their emotional relationships will be a bit more solid and expanded, and their social interaction will always be focused on external factors (situations, circumstances, culture, environment) and internal factors (feelings, temperament, character, personality.