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Bilingualism and their relationship with children
Analyzing the data of the 8-year-old Rubén patient, with apparent problems in the acquisition of reading-writing skills, lexical-semantic limitations, distortions in the grammatical structure, difficulties in planning and elaboration of discourse, and finally, difficulties in maintaining Attention to a task and recognize the important, taking into account his poor history and his abrupt learning of the new language only 3 years ago, it is possible to consider the hypothesis that the problems are caused by bilingualism.
Problems referring to bilingualism
Having learned Spanish at 5 years, without having fixed grammatical concepts, or having acquired certain linguistic skills in their own language, it is likely that the acquisition of reading-writing skills in this new language is delayed a little more and cause the symptoms named with Previous because there is no understanding of concepts nor was there a learning of the new language gradually, which may have generated much confusion in the child.
It would be convenient to apply intelligence, reading, ADHD and dyslexia test to be able to rule. According to the page, the main problems of bilingualism are: the mixture of languages, passive attitude towards the language outside the environment, the rejection of the language outside the environment, grammar errors, deficiencies in reading and writing.
In the linguistic study of Behares (1984) it is demonstrated how the imposition of the Spanish language by the State and the fight against the Portuguese on the Uruguayan-Brazilian border has not generated any cultural gain and has increased the problems of linguistic competences, when speaking Children one language at home and learn another at school.
Something similar happens with what channels (2014) exhibit in its article “Oral language and pre-lift skills in children from 4 to 6 years. A study on marginality and bilingualism in Peru ”where it is demonstrated that children with low resources (which are usually those that are exposed to other native languages at home) have more difficulties in the fluidity of oral language and later in the Acquisition of linguist skills in a second language, that those of greater resources (they are usually those that are usually exposed to Spanish).
It is important that both in the family and in the school environment, attention is paid to the condition of Rubén and collaborates to achieve its normal development in linguist skills. For that, it is necessary that, to begin with, the child has a particular Spanish teacher, although he has spent 3 years speaking the language, it is possible that the lack of coherence and the difficulties that both lexical and grammatical presents are the cause of a lack of knowledge and low language exposure.
It is not specified if their parents speak well Spanish or are handled with the child’s mother tongue, it is important to talk to them and reach an agreement … if they speak to him in two languages at the same time it is possible that Rubén is very confusing and does not end separate both languages. In the event that their parents do not speak Spanish correctly, it would be convenient for the whole family.
At school it is important that their teachers are aware and that they accompany the process, you could start by asking them not to speak in a very accelerated way so that the child can understand effortlessly, that he is encouraged to read in class and to lend himself Special attention to the grammatical errors that you can commit to correct it, it would be useful for adequate reading books to your age, it is important that you have fun learning and take pressure from it. On the other hand, it is important that their classmates are aware of the situation, in dealing with their classmates it is where they can learn most and if they know about Rubén’s difficulty they can avoid reinforcing errors with their laughter.
Usually when there is a foreigner, children are funny to speak in a certain way and laugh or celebrate some mistakes, which can lead to Rubén repeats these mistakes to fit. Finally, but not least, you must investigate the quality of adoption that Rubén carried out to discover if it is comfortable with the new culture and its interpersonal relationships in the new environment or, on the contrary, the problems it presents come derived from a feeling of uprooting.