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Al Capone’s life
Al Capone, called Alphense Capone, also called Scarface for the razor cut on his left cheek, was born on January 17, 1899 in Brooklyn, New York, USA. UU. He deceased on January 25, 1947 of a cardiac arrest at 48 years of age in Palm Island, Florida. During his last years in prison, the deterioration of Capone’s health was irritated by tertiary syphilis, and he felt confused and disoriented.
He was the most famous American gangster, which dominated organized crime in Chicago during the era of the prohibition from 1925 to 1931, it was in which the legal prevention of the manufacture, sale and transport of alcoholic beverages in the United States was promoted according to Terms of the decimoctava amendment.
His parents emigrated to the USA.UU from Naples in 1983. Al, was the fourth of nine children, course the school until the sixth grade and abandoned the school after seeing a teacher at 14 years of age hit. To the tube various works such as: Employee of a candy store, a bowling player, in an ammunition and cutter plant in a book binding.
Capone was part of several gangs of children who were dedicated to vandalism and minor crimes that were common in New York. He was also a member of the James Street Boys gang, which was directed by Johnny Torrio, which would be the greatest influence of him in a lifetime. Capone served the mafia candidate Francesco Loele, better known as Frankie Yale, becoming a member of the Five Points gang at 16 years of age, Capone made several crimes in which they entailed murders, robberies, among others.
In 1918, Capone married the Irishman Mae Coughlin, who was a middle -class girl, Capone took a short rest moving away from Gangster’s life to establish a good relationship with his wife. However, Capone returns to Gangster’s work after his father’s unexpected death. Al Capone and Mae Coughlin had a son named Sonny and remained married until the death of Al.
Torrio retired to Italy, leaving Capone as a leader and thus becoming the tsar of the crime of Chicago, with games of chance, prostitution and smuggling. Capone had a wealth about 100 million, in 1929, Capone was about 10 months paying for a sentence in the Holmesburg prison, in Philadelphia, convicted of possession of weapons.
The most notorious of his crimes is the Valentine’s massacre, in which seven members of the Bugs Moran gang were machine -gunned in a garage on the northern side of Chicago on February 14, 1929.
On June 5, 1931, Capone was accused of 22 positions for evasion of the Federal Income Tax from 1925 to 1929, he was also accused of violating the prohibition laws, in October 1932, Capone was accused of 11 positions and sentenced to 11 years in prison with 50.000 dollars in a fine and judicial coast in the Penitentiary of Atlanta, being transferred in August 1934 to the new prison in Alcatraz. In November 1939 due to the irritation of syphilis he was discharged entering the Baltimore hospital. After a while he retired to the state of Florida where he died of cardiac arrest in 1947.
Historical context in which he lived. Special reference to the business and economic situation of the country where he lived, as well as the international economic environment.
It all started in the year of 1913, in Chicago after public demands of women and religious leaders were made due to the violence caused by the state of drunkenness, so there was a total prohibition of alcohol in the country.
In the year of 1920 the dry law or volstead law entered into force, which prohibited the manufacture, transport, purchase and sale of alcoholic beverages in the United States. The creation of this law caused the appearance of new networks and industries of organized crime, despite the strong monetary fines and the prison; From this they began to form clandestine bars in the big cities of the country, having as main consumers who were against said law.
Pinting in five years more than fifty thousand clandestine bars had already been formed in the main cities of the United States, of which ten thousand were in New York, and organized crime levels amounted to more than one hundred percent at that time , the prisons went from having four thousand to vente thousand inmates.
All these effects mainly brought economic consequences to the country’s productive sector, since before the dry law was approved, alcohol was part of the fifth largest industry in the United States, that is, that manufacturing, transport, purchase and sale of alcoholic beverages involved quite strong economic standards inside and outside the country.
This measure benefit to traffickers, since alcohol consumption never decreases; causing citizens to ignore the dry law. Thanks to this to Capone, I believe the "crime union", becoming the "king of the underworld", in which great profits generated through alcohol trafficking, clandestine games rooms, in which I reached a great fortune estimated in The hundred million dollars, this occurred thanks to the era of the prohibition that was at that time where the dry law existed and due to that law there was the closure of several clubs, brothels, brothels.
Capone invested much of his black money in multiple businesses such as laundries; Money laundering was not recognized as a federal crime in the United States until 1986. In spite of everything, it is estimated that every year made by money laundering, very large figures, so large that they reached figures of billions.
Speaking of coins laundries, it’s like talking about money laundering; This expression not only refers to the transformation of black money that established businesses more than suspects in legal wealth and thus maintain its benefits in constant movement.
Capone was sent in one way or another to prison for tax evasion. The Empire of the Capons crime was managed to constantly move their wealth by investing in several businesses what would flourish and generate relatively good profits which satisfy Capone; The three main steps that Capone used for this were in the first place it is necessary.
Secondly, stratification comes into play, making multiple transactions with transfers from one account to another respectively, the purchase and sale of luxury goods were also made or made the investment in businesses such as casinos so that the origin could be better identified money. It should be noted that money laundering in 1986 was not identified as federal crime in the United States.
Well in short with the phenomenon of drug trafficking at its best. As of this year, it was only necessary.
Although analyzing this context, it is difficult to talk about exact data for very obvious reasons, it is estimated that every year the money laundering made by global traffickers reaches figures of hundreds of billions of dollars, highlighting that when the money passes At the global level, the power of drug trafficking grows more and more and thus obtain greater profits that grant a greater economy in the United States.
In 1920 the great depression was given as an American crisis. To understand the EE crisis.UU. The sequence of the events that led to the crisis must be analyzed. There are still debates about the origins of the US crisis at the end of the 1920s
The fall of the 1929 stock market was the most famous event of great depression and there were disaster warnings, problems in the United States economy that demonstrated.
During the 1920s, there was an increase in consumer goods, there was a strong increase in car sales and appliances, so that the middle class began to borrow to access consumption. This caused the population in the impulse of consumption and since it was a time of crisis, people mostly bought on credit. What caused the economy to be vulnerable to a change in consumption patterns by consumers.
Also at this time there was an increase in the production of primary products and, in particular, of agricultural products. Prices fell for most agricultural products and primary products, especially from 1925, and even before for some products.
Mortgage debt increased from three million dollars by 1910 to nine and a half million dollars in 1925. The increase in this mortgage debt reflects the use of debt to support production. Internationally, credit flows from New York to Latin America and other places facilitating its integration into the global market.
For many reasons, there was an increase in agricultural production even though demand is too low to justify it. Price drop makes producers and farmers very vulnerable, especially bankruptcy, with significant consequences. In the United States, agriculture continues to use 25% of the active population.
Capone would leave fifth grade studies at school at the age of fourteen, and then go to work in different places, one of them a caramel store located in Brooklyn as a dependent. At that time Capone would meet Gánster Johnny Torrio, and the young man would be influenced by him to such an extent that Torrio became his mentor. Johnny Torrio introduced the young Capone in different youth bands of thieves such as ‘The Junior Forty Thieves’, ‘Five Points Junior’ or the famous ‘Five Points Gang’, the most dangerous youth band of those times of those times. Here Capone’s criminal career would begin. A short time later, he would become bodyguards of the mafia Frankie Yale and Antonio ‘Tony the Malo’ Torelli, who entrusted to Capone tasks such as those of extorting the different business owners to give him a part of their benefits. At that time he worked as a waiter and bodyguard in a his chief nightclub, called ‘Yale´s’.
Capone was still working for Frankie Yale and it is believed that he had committed at least two murders, when he was sent to Chicago in 1919, next to his mentor Johnny Torrio, a city where they started working under the orders of James ‘Big Jim’. A short time later, Torrio went on to direct the band thanks to the murder of his boss in one of his own premises, Torrio entrusted Capone, already in the twenties, the direction of the organization of the band, dedicated to the exploitation of prostitution , illegal game and alcohol traffic. Before the retreat of Torrio in 1925, Capone definitely took the command. After getting rid of his rivals, Capone continued to enrich himself thanks to the illegal trafficking of alcoholic beverages caused by dry law, and through his vast clandestine network of game rooms.
The article analyzed in class talks about the leadership exerted by a person both for good and for evil He will present to the rest of the people who follow him and have him high as a great copy to follow, he also see the change that that character or leader performs with respect to other people, that is, he has to excel with the different actions taken for a better venture, among others.
Taking into account all these aspects, Capone is considered a good leader because he had enough followers and presented great importance and influence in the United States, specifically in the city of Chicago, taking into account that his actions were a bit bad, due to That several crimes were made, murders, among other things, Capone was considered a leader to follow why he knew how to organize and distribute well to his staff and thus obtain a wide variety of income, not so positive because Capone dedicated himself to liquor traffic In great abundance in the United States, knowing that such action was carried out in the era of prohibition when the dry law was in force.
Capone was a person with integrity because despite his bad actions he was an entire person, who tells the truth and always kept his word. He was also very intelligent in all aspects causing people to have a high degree of intellectual curiosity for him and an amplitude of knowledge that allows him to work in a better way, having a better vision of the work to be done.
Another great quality that highlighted Capone as a leader is the great maturity he had when he did his job knowing that he had to endure the pressure, and this governs stress, due to these events, when these wonderful moments occur, the success with a small dose equal to joy and humility.
Capone, is considered an Adalid, because he works notoriously in his task of organizing and convincing his people to make the illegal sale of liquor, taking into account the innovations presented in the different brothels and brothels, and thus obtain very satisfactory.
Capone is considered a leader, because he harmonizes a vision which his followers or his work team can achieve. Also that he has very good communication with his work team, taking into account in this aspect the importance of the relationship with each of the members and thus meet their expectations and needs in general of the entire team work or organization.
It is also very important to emphasize that Capone allows a better teaching for each of the members of the work or organization, taking into account the confidence made towards each of them, better promoting a better job for their organization.
The leadership not only depends directly on the people who exercise it, but also on the environment in which they develop or not having resources that solvent said development and so that the organization or work team performs better in a better way.
It can be concluded that Capone, highlights an important role because leadership played, such that they involve values and aim develop in every field and thus have an egalitarian organization for all members established in the work team, and so they will be perceived as appropriate.
Therefore Capone, is considered a good leader because it always goes ahead despite any circumstance that can be presented in the project, looking for the different alternatives and thus be able to solve these circumstances for a better organization of the company and that each one of each other Members can solve their work in a better way.