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Water quality and efficiency
Water quality according to its function is defined as adequate for human consumption with simple treatment and disinfection and is related to strong climatic conditions that change the chemical and bacteriological parameters of water. Therefore, water is a very important part of daily life and the existence of all living entities. It is also a universal solvent found on the surface and the water is on the surface and underground because the unrelated water consumed can contain harmful and harmful microorganisms. BENEFITS OF THE ECO-EFFICIENCY OF WATER: A natural resource in which water participates in the vast majority of production processes is human agrotourism.
Use this resource more due to its importance to optimize production. Eco -efficiency in water management focuses on increasing water efficiency and reducing consumption, as reported by the Ministry of Environment, in an Eco -Efficiency Ads, where to define ecoefficient as a strategy to optimize energy use,supplies and processes of production of goods and services in general. The objective is to increase competitiveness, prevent and reduce environmental impacts. Ecological efficiency in water management, restoration of user use, user community. Eco-efficiency experiences in water management in Peru.
Confiep states that the national level can be cited as an example of the Agrokasa SA Agricultural Company, which operates in the Ica Valley in 1995 with the property of Santa Rita and in 1998 built the farm of La Catalina and works with export crops (asparagusand table grapes) and, to a lesser extent, avocado. The following objectives of the eco -efficient measure implemented: reduce the total consumption of water at the cultivation level. Use excess surface water, which is currently not used due to seasonal rain, to replace a significant amount of annual groundwater volume. Support the replacement of the aquifer when infiltrating the surface waters.
Promote a culture of optimization of water use for their employees. Show farmers in the region the path of development to achieve sustainability in the valley. To achieve these objectives, use technical improvements to protect water through capacitive probes, voltage meters and filters;In addition to the project to capture a new volume of surface water of the avenue, which partially replaces the use of groundwater and the system of excess surface water. The water resource in Peru. According to the National Water Authority (ANA), Peru appears as the second country with the highest water resources in the world;
However, most of the square lacks this vital resource for its existence. The main reason is the lack of infrastructure that allows a fair and rational distribution, especially in the coastal region, where 60% of the national population is concentrated. “Water is a vital, present and indispensable resource in all human activities. Its availability, which contributes to sanitary, hygienic, recreational and recreational conditions, direct use in services production, housing or public space ”. At present, the use of water in organizations of different types and sizes is far from rational.
The daily consumption per capita is estimated in 50 liters in educational areas according to the National Urban Planning System of the Ministry of Housing, Construction and Hygiene in its preliminary design. However, reality shows that this consumption must be well above the estimated average. The problem of water. The relationship of man with nature, the coast and the growing inequality in the world order, move in a vicious circle around the water. Parallel to the ecological crisis, the populations of developing countries have stagnated or even impoverished, thus knowing the differences between gross internal products (GDP) of rich and poor countries.
“Current countries currently developed with 20% of the World Cup, handle 85% of world finances and developing countries with 80% of the World Cup represent only 22% of the GDP of the planet. It is between 30% and 20% that concentrates the greatest world wealth, 70% and 85% participation in global income ”. The reconfiguration of the world economy scenario implies the brand and continuous polarization in the distribution of wealth, and each of the children involved in the concept of development also has a greater need for water, an essential element for any form of systemsirrigation, industry, mining, electricity production.
This is transport and road communication and also the main space where we rest. However, it is distributed unevenly or not detected enough to divide the population into privileged resources or lacking them. Peru has 106 river basins that discharge 2.1 million cubic meters (MMC) of water per year. Similarly, with 12200 lagoons and 1007 rivers, the available media can be used to recirculate the main concentrates of 2.5 mmc and the vertical of the Amazon (Ministry of Agriculture). The mountains and the coasts, where 90% of the square lives, have less than 2% of this resource.
A fact that represents great demographic pressure on the water resources of the coastal region. The embargo will be eligible for irregular national territories because almost 70% of all rainwater occurs between December and March, moments of extreme exhaustion throughout the year and heavy rains in a few months. In addition, many lagoons have suffered the impact of the contamination of mining, agricultural and urban waste and the settlement of villages on their coasts. On the other hand, on the coast, in an area where 60% of the population lives, it receives an annual precipitation of 38 mm, 16 times less than the Andean and almost 100 times less than the Amazon.
Water scarcity is a situation that requires reflection on society as a whole. Water resource management. Eco -efficiency is a strategy that improves the environmental performance of companies and institutions and creating specific economic savings. In this environment, he suggested that water savings in institutions should be based on: leak control;Report equipment failures in relevant areas, and indicate gardens in low intensity hours. He also suggested that the indicator to measure water management should be water consumption per person, that is, as a unit of measure, m3 of water consumed per designated person.
As a basis for water entry issued by service providers. Water quality and public health. Metal pollution, chemical waste and antibiotics remain important factors in water pollution, with a serious impact on human health. According to the World Health Organization, the consumption of contaminated water and the lack of improved access and sanitation in Latin America are related to approximately 4.000 premature deaths per year. Among the diseases that cause these deaths, diarrhea is the first of the first five causes of diseases caused by contaminated water consumption.
But that is not all, long -term exposure to contaminated water with pesticides, metals, antibiotics and radioactive waste is associated with cancer, renal failure, cognitive problems and other noncommunicable diseases. The presence of these pollutants is caused by bad agriculture, mining, deficiencies in sewerage systems and other industrial dairy products. According to the United Nations, Peru is one of the 10 countries with the highest water availability and, due to geographical and climatic reasons, its distribution is not fair. Missing where it is most needed (vertical peace) and remains where vertical Atlantic is not needed. It is important to realize that cultivating a water management culture is essential to preserve this resource for future generations.
Water quality how it affects human health. Despite the gradual improvement in the provision of health services since 1990, the supply of drinking water and hygiene has remained a challenge in most foods for humans. Currently, 1.100 million people around the world do not have access to drinking water and more than 2.600 million people do not have access to improve hygiene. The World Health Organization can be diagnosed with 4.000 millimeters in case of diarrhea associated with millennium and accreditation and public health conditions. As a result, 2 million people die each year, most children under five years.