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War propaganda in times of crisis
Like propaganda, he was able. For this, before giving a contest to the enemy, Minister Joseph Goebbels first creates an adequate image for the international community, before being able to extend;As stated (Pierre Badie) "Radio was erected as one of the most important means to go abroad" an example is in the 1936 Olympic Games in Munich where the Government took care of everything so that the games had coverage inside andoutside Germany providing both inside and outside the country, thus providing tranquility abroad.
The importance of Goebbels to use German radio stations to use very powerful equipment that through very strong waves reach different countries in Europe and thus be able to spread nationalist ideas. This strategy was called Psychological War and was widely used by the German government to achieve its war objectives in France and England. For example, in 1940 during the occupation of France, the Nazis made a very cunning propagand. Through their messages on the radio they communicated to the citizens to go to the safest areas, in which the German soldiers were not.
With French accent announcers and voices similar to known speakers, they made news transmissions advising the population to go “safe areas through specific roads, which were free of German troops” roads that were used by the French troops. Thus the German army avoided the congestion of the roads that the Panzers needed to advance quickly, however, the other paths chosen by the French troops were congested by civilians, which did not allow French troops to reach the places of destination. Therefore, the radio was an important factor in World War II, since it provides information that is submitted to censures in the belligerent countries.
As well as foreign emissions are very sought after by the inhabitants of the countries at war, when they are programs of the same language. In addition in the case of Germany, information in the language of its enemies disseminates to end the moral of the population, according to Pierre Badie, above all was a psychological weapon, not only for its information emissions, but also by the poisoning produced to itsAdversaries, this was the function of the black radios that hid their origin to poisonThe enemy population and military. The second case of Lord Haw Haw better known as Joyce was born in New York.
But at age three his family moved to live in Ireland. Although he lived in Ireland, Joyce’s family was in favor of continuing the political union with the United Kingdom. This caused a strong antipathy among the neighborhood, which resulted in attacks on the paternal business. When British Prime Minister Lloyd George announced the treaty by which the Irish independent state was created, the Joyce decided to go to England. Shortly before the war broke out, anticipating that he could find difficulties, Joyce decided to march to Germany with his family, settling in Berlin. There he contacted the secretary of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Joachim Von Ribbentrop.
Thanks to this relationship, Joyce was granted the responsibility of taking care of the German stations for Europe, as editor and announcer, just two weeks after the contest started. He broadcast from Berlin, Hamburg and Bremen and soon began to become popular in Britain. Due to his accusously Nasal voice, a Daily Express journalist had the occurrence of calling him "Lord Haw Haw", an nickname that made fortune. Actually, British citizens had a lot. Joyce’s audience was such that the BBC was forced to modify its programming;She suspended the informative newsletter that she broadcast at the same time and replaced it with an inconsequential light music program.
Because at that time all the radioiants were pending the caustic comments of "Lord Haw". The extraordinary audience of its programs had an added merit, being illegal to hear the German stations, so the listeners risked to be arrested by the police. His transmissions always started with the same phrase: Germany Calling, Germany Calling (Germany calling). Joyce knew how to play with the psychology of his countrymen, since he offered extremely precise reports of what was happening in English cities and mixed them with other false news, aimed at informingly poisoned, causing fear and confusion. Prior to the analyzed, Nazi broadcasting as a mass propaganda weapon in World War II.
It had great importance for Hitler through messages that are based on the feeling before reason, manage to conquer and persuade the German population to get to power and subsequently expand in Europe. This is evident in the way that analyzes the German people in poverty, first seeks a common pattern to transform the feeling of anger- distrust in a nationalism with how to be divine that will save them from their tragedies and, on the other hand,It takes the feeling of greedy prejudice towards the Jews to transform it into a feeling of fury that, gradually increased its control in society with the dissemination of its ideology implanted in fear through all the radios of the country.
Therefore, when observing the effectiveness of this propaganda method through the persuasion of the voice, it carries out a new strategy to demolish the enemy without the need for the use of weapons, only through radio as an infiltrated media that, subtly withAllies or in other cases hostages of the enemy side transmitted messages of discouragement towards the military and British, American or French enemy population. On the other hand, taking into account the variability of the sources, there were certain limitations and benefits for research, for example, having a total amount of ten sources on different topics such as: mass psychology, persuasion, music as a method ofconviction
The Goebbels principles were carried out a thorough analysis to choose those that relate to the propaganda made through the broadcasting, in addition to that in many of the sources found on the radio they showed a description of the use of the radio, but no,On the propaganda methods used by the Nazi government, however this also allowed me to make a contrast with other sources on the principles used by Goebbels to persuade the population and that remain until today. During the investigation, black propaganda seemed interesting as a mechanism to demoralize the enemy that was also influenced by Hitler in the Spanish Civil War through Francisco Franco to get an ally.
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López Garcia, J. (2000). Manipulation of masses and propaganda in Nazi Germany. V Congress of the Contemporary History Association, (p. 10). Valencia. Obtained from. Psychological war. Higher School of War (331).
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