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Vermeer and the Pearl Arete girl
Today, the name Vermeer instantly evokes the image of the immortalized girl with the painting the young woman of the pearl. This piece is so important, that it is known as the northern Mona Lisa. The splendid interpretation of the Dutch teacher of the 17th century of an ordinary girl, has become a universal icon. The picture shows it with a pearl shining on her lobe, on a mysterious dark background.
Vermeer’s work is intimate, costumbrista. He dedicated his mastery to exploring the moments of everyday life, to document the interior spaces, the epitome of the Baroque genre. However, his domain of pigment and light raised the artist beyond the kingdom of his contemporaries. His talent allowed him to inimitably glimpse the lifestyle of his time.
For hundreds of years, people have been fascinated and inspired by Johannes’s paintings (also known as Jan) Vermeer. This painter is often considered the most respected Dutch painter in history. However, his life and his art are wrapped in a mystery. Vermeer was born in 1632 in Delft, the Netherlands, the exact date is not known. He was born in a low middle -class family. Johannes Vermeer Van Delft is also known as Joannis see Meer or Joannis van der Meer.
Him’s father, Reijnier Jansz, was a silk web artisan who became an innkeeper, and then art merchant. Of these trade work is that he germinated in the young Vermeer the taste for painting. It is believed that his mother, worthy baltus, was a housewife illiterate. This belief began because Baltus signed an X instead of her name in her marriage certificate.
When Vermeer’s father died in 1652, the young Johannes inherited his father’s two businesses. Before this event, his first 20 years of life are barely documented. Despite the very extensive investigation, a clear response has not been found. In 1653, Vermeer married Catherina Bolnes and became Catholicism. The couple had 15 children together, four of whom died. Interestingly, with eleven children running, only two of Vermeer’s paintings portray the children directly. On the contrary, his wife Catherine modeled many of Vermeer’s jobs.
In Vermeer’s early race, the artist focused on the production of history -based paintings. In addition, at this time he recreated many scenes from the Bible and classical mythology. Thanks to his mother -in. However, unlike the majority of his contemporaries, Vermeer never left his hometown and was based solely on local sponsorship for his commissions.
It is believed that Johannes and Catherine lived a happy marriage life, until Vermeer’s premature death in 1675. It is believed that he died from a stroke. The couple was married for 22 years. Catherine supported her husband’s job. Like most artists during these times, Vermeer also accumulated a series of debts that had his family left after his death.
Vermeer’s limited success had to do with the impossibility of finding orders outside Delft. In addition, the fact of not having left the city to market his works and talent. His little success is also related to the limitation of the materials he worked with. Vermeer, unlike Rembrandt, did not work with engravings that were extremely popular at that time.
For the little success of the painter at that historical moment also counts fortuitous circumstances. For example, the Franco-Neerland War. The fact that troop constantly invaded the city, prevented the flowering of the art market.
Death and the mysteries of Vermeer
Master Vermeer became ill and died a few days later, while running the year 1675. That December was officiated by his burial in Delft. Given the debts they possessed, his wife was forced to renounce her inheritance, her assets were confiscated by her creditors. Vermeer was the head of the Delft artists, a group of artists who were to learn from each other and discuss techniques.
Although he was very respected by his companions, he died poor and almost completely unknown for long two hundred years. By the time his work was rediscovered by world art in the 19th century, the mysteries that surround him resurfaced. How did Vermeer dominate the art of creating clarity in his paintings, many of which could, at first glance, be confused with photographs? How did he capture so much light and shadow incredible when his paintings took many months to create? These questions are left unanswered.
There are those who argue that his domain was simply without parallel. Others say that he created an early type of camera, called the dark camera, which allowed him to stop time and study the effects of light. Even others find failures in his paintings or attribute them to someone else. Vermeer usually painted portraits or scenes of people doing their daily job. He only attributed two landscapes. Vermeer understood the effect of light and reflection on a person or an object. Art experts attribute the realism of his paintings to this fact. Essentially, Vermeer acknowledged that the eye does not see the entire object and its real color, due to the effects of light and reflection.
Look closely at Vermeer’s paintings, we can see his unmistakable firms. The use of light, and the ability to capture real life. The young woman of La Perla is one of her most famous works.
The painting shows a girl, her slope prodigiously reflects the light, while she turns her gaze to the painter. From this painting, the shadows projected on the cheek and nose of the girl, which essentially fade in the background. The painting provided the inspiration for Tracy Chavalier’s novel in 1999, and a movie a few years later.