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Urban development in the city of Bogota
The city is “the basic socio-spatial unit of support for cultural production, social innovation and economic activity in the contemporary world” according to the Ministry of Economic Development (1995);This over time has been shown as the fundamental core of the development of a society, which must meet or meet the collective needs of well -being, security, sociability and culture always protecting the collective assets of citizens immersed in common heritage bymeans of public goods that meet the aforementioned needs, prioritizing citizen rights through the investment of social capital.
The management in the city has been given, in the Colombian context;For the transfer of responsibilities to the localities that are responsible for the claim of social demands, rationalizing the land, exercising a programmed execution of a strategic and operational urbanism always taking into account trends existing in Latin American urbanization, such as the return to the cityBuilt, the provision of public services, the norms established by local governments, the use of urban land, infrastructure communication and even less favorable factors such as urban violence and poverty.
During the territorial planning that occurs in the city, the territorial components that are developed in the citizenship such as the main ecological structure, the property system and the support system that contains: the public service systems must be analyzed and taken into account., of roads and transport, the public space and the system of equipment there are the actions that seek the sustainability, the well -being, the competitiveness, the redistribution and rationality of the territory.
Urban fabrics are distributed by the road system and the parcel system that allows the systematic and effective definition of the place to determine the occupation of constructions and free spaces. The urban fabric is constituted by the set of relations between all urban components that have a constant and repetitive character within the urban form representing as the relationship between urban fabric and urban structure, constituted by singular elements of large structural axes, largeequipment and limit configuration.
The roads are the system of union of space in the territory and are constituted by the function of function and the variables of importance such as the hierarchy of the routes, this system is intended to communicate the plots, hence its importance is constituted within thecity because these can be understood as the system that feeds the city and allows its proper functioning.
Through time, investment and innovation have been improving thanks to the public transport system developed after the industrial revolution that brought new technologies. In Colombia more specifically in Bogotá thanks to the migratory phenomenon in the twentieth century, the center of the city was extended north through the Caserío de Chapinero, in 1880 the first animal traction tram occurred that was the most effective way to attachTo new railway technologies.
From this first line of the tram urban development has been directly related to urban morphology and transport structure, being directly affected by the social and cultural dynamics of the context where it develops because this was the first means of mechanical transport that facilitatedThe mobility of people allowing urban expansion, therefore if analyzed today, the iron system of Bogotá can be considered as a complete waste because its operation is almost null, knowing even that it is already established, if it is adapted according to theRegulatory Statutes would allow Transmilenio decongestion allowing a mobility system to short distances from the population, thus avoiding inhumanity lived daily by users.
The public space has different modalities which are characterized by the community, collective, civic and public space that in itself tends to the nature of interaction of a social group that occurs in their daily lives, according to social actors and collective rightsof general interest.
The public space is important because this is mobile allows variability by being dispersed throughout the urbanization, this being empty contributes to the imagination of the citizen and its interaction with the environment, this is collective property opposing private property and is importantin itself, then the interaction of this with the private space forms the city;Public space is necessary for the development of social activities, since in this the congregation and the relationship with other individuals are facilitated with a specific purpose.
Urban equipment is those spaces aimed at providing cultural, health, worship, recreational and social welfare citizens, in which the community is integrated, they allow to reinforce the equipment node, it even contributes to equip the peripheryand prevent the degradation of these areas, channeling public investment so that the endowments are classified according to their impact at a zonal or local scale, reinforcing the centralities by integrating the functionalities depending on its scale within the city.
Each equipment is arranged according to its master plan, corresponding to the general objective of guaranteeing the balance between residential areas and associated services, contributing to the social and economic structure of a certain territory. These equipment are intended to improve the quality of life of citizens, strengthening urban structuring, being determined by the demand of citizens.
The objective of the equipment is to raise the standard of living, the environmental quality in accordance with cultural diversity, contributing to citizen coexistence promoting the offer of services, depending on the demands of society on a regional scale, serving as structural axes ofThe community as determinants for neighborhood, zonal or urban spaces.
These allow preserving the values of buildings that have a cultural interest consolidating a complete network of endowment services under the criteria of territorial efficiency and balance. The actions within the equipment allow to determine certain parameters or criteria necessary for the intervention of public space through direct mediation or assignments in urbanization processes, programming public investments consolidating the endowment services for territorial balance.
The equipment allows to meet the needs of a community, whether education, culture, health, social, sports or cultpublic and the required attention. The dimension of these equipment can be infrastructure, service or administrative.
Therefore, its importance is significant because they contribute to the structuring of the city in order to meet the needs of all people, trying to improve their reality through interaction with their environment.