Understand What Trauma Is

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Understand what trauma is


The main objective of this essay is to understand what is trauma, at what age it can affect us, since it can be in childhood or adulthood, which magnitude must have the traumTo be able to overcome it, what types of traumas affect us according to the degree of the impact it causes on the person has to resort to professional help to overcome this traumatic event in their life.


The study of psychological traum. Thus, throughout recent history, amnesias of the scientific developments achieved in the field of trauma can be verified.

Pierre Janet defined the psychic trauma in 1897, which subsequently clarified in 1919 as:

It is the result of exposure to an inevitable stressful event that exceeds the person’s coping mechanisms. When people feel too surpassed by their emotions, memories cannot be transformed into neutral narrative experiences. Terror becomes a phobia to the memory that prevents the integration of the traumatic event and fragments traumatic memories by apart from ordinary consciousness, leaving them organized in visual perceptions, somatic concerns and behavioral setbacks.

When people experience vehement emotions, minds become unable to confront their terrifying experiences with pre -existing cognitive schemes. Such fixation: affects the ability to assimilate new experiences in your life. People feel that their life is blocked by impassable obstacle. Your mental effort to eliminate traumatic memories from conscious life is very high and reduce psychological energy for other mental activities.

Freud in its first approach to the concept, establishes that psychic trauma is the consequence of a great traumatic event or a temporary sequence of minor partial trauma. On the one hand, the attention is put in a certain condition of energy overload imposed, either immediately or cumulatively, by certain negative experiences lived by the subject, so that the traumatizing fact interferes or progressively interferes or progressively its psychic processes.

On the other hand, Francine Shapiro explains: Many of us think that trauma consists of great events that appear in the news. War veterans, survivors of natural catastrophes and terrorist attacks … but, in fact, by definition, trauma is any fact that has had a lasting negative effect. We all know people who have lost their jobs, their loved ones and even possessions and as a result, they have truly suffered. When the peace of the spirit is lost or if it never had, there may be serious physical and psychological consequences, whatever the cause.

Lenore Ter:

  • Type I trauma
  • Type II trauma
  • Mixed trauma
  • Complex trauma / desnos
  • Relational trauma
  • Secondary traumatization


Type I trauma: that produced by a unique, sudden and external event. Generally, it is not accompanied by massive pain or psychic numbness, or low self – esteem or severe personality problems that characterize chronic trauma. It is characterized by: Complete and detailed memories of occurring … Details … odors, forms, sounds … omens if there were no …, search for explanations … for events known as critical incidents:? Sexual aggression Traffic accidents Catastrophes Naturalism could have avoided it?… erroneous perceptions

Type II trauma: It occurs as a product of a repetitive exhibition to external traumatic events. The first event is surprising, but subsequent ones create a horror of the anticipation of recurrence

Defense mechanisms: denial, repression, dissociation. CONSEQUENCES: injured self-concept, identification with the aggressor or return of the aggression against himself. Denial, fury and sadness seem almost permanent in victims of type two trauma.

Mixed trauma: It is produced by a unique event, sudden external, such as type one traum

Mixed trauma: There is a clear memory of the fact, auguries perceptual distortions typical of type one traumChildhood, Health)

Complex trauma: not yet referred to in psychiatric manuals. Described in the first instance by Judith Herman: Complex post -traumatic stress disorders or extreme stress disorder not otherwise (DESNOS) Disorders of Extreme Stress Not Otherwise Specified

Complex trauma: by prolonged, repeated and extensive exposure to traumatic events. Symptoms are remarkably different from those associated with PTSD: experiences of being captive and impotent. They extend for a prolonged period instead of only the duration of a traumatic event. 


The trauma can understand how a very intense emotional impression generated by a negative event produced in the field of life and this produces a mark in the subject in its unconscious that makes it a problem for him when remembering it. In order to face this situation, you must have a time of overcoming and professional help.

Actually, trauma is the psychological reactions derived from a traumatic event because any event of this type bankrupt. An element by which this event is presented is the key element is the loss of basic confidence. Losses can be of many types: material losses, family losses, traumatic events of a sexual nature or loss of integrity of the person.

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