The use of mathematics in daily life

Mathematics is the science that studies the properties of abstract entities such as numbers, geometric figures, symbols among others. They study the relationships between quantities, magnitudes and properties, of the logical operations used to deduce amounts, magnitudes and unknown properties. We can say that mathematics is as old as humanity itself. According to history, mathematics were created when the primitive tribes of Egypt and Mesopotamia began to tell things. The concept of numbers is what began the process of mathematics. The first sample of mathematical concepts in our ancestors was found in the Blombos cave in South Africa, and consists of ocher rocks adorned with slit with geometric shapes dated 70,000 years old. Long before the first written records, there are drawings that indicate some knowledge of elementary mathematics and the measure of time based on the stars. Prehistoric artifacts were also discovered in Africa and France, dated between 35,000 and 20,000 to. C., that suggest initial attempts to quantify time.

In addition, there is evidence that women invented a way to bring the account of their menstrual cycle: 28 to 30 brands in a bone or stone, followed by a distinctive brand. Moreover, hunters and shepherds used the concepts of one, two and many, as well as the idea of none or zero, when they talked about animal herds. Isehango’s bone, found in the vicinity of the Nile River, northeastern Congo, can date from 20,000 to. C. A common interpretation is that the bone involves the oldest known demonstration of a sequence of prime numbers and duplication multiplication, which is a method that was also used by Russian peasants, where it was necessary to know how to add and divide by two.

The first Egyptian books show a decimal numbering system with different symbols for the powers of 10, similar to Roman numbers. Time later, the Babylonians developed more sophisticated mathematics, which allowed them to find the positive roots of any second degree equation. They also managed to find the roots of some third -degree equations, and solved more complicated problems using Pythagoras theorem.

Among the great mathematicians we find Pythagoras known as the "father of mathematics" which made the Pythagoras triangle and the Pythagoras theorem. Leonhard Euller known as the greatest mathematician in history for its contribution of mathematical notation and the concept of function. Among others this gauss, which made the Gaussian gravitational constant. Euclid is known as the father of geometry. Descartes Develop Cartesian geometry and its use in algebra. Isaac Newton inventor of calculation. Hilbert invented the programmable, primary computer or digital computer in the mathematics of the future. There are many other great mathematicians who have also made great contributions.

Another important aspect is the branches of mathematics. Some branches of mathematics are arithmetic which works with operations of whole, rational and real numbers. Algebra has to do with polynomials, equations, inequations and equations systems. Geometry is the mathematics that studies trigonometry, resolves triangles. Statistics and probability has to do with fashion, medium, medium probability and binomial distribution. Calculation is the mathematics that studies the functions and consequences of the changes, mentioning some of its branches.

Mathematics are also vital important for the intellectual development of children, it helps them to be logical, to reason in orderly and develop a mind prepared for thought, criticism and abstraction. Learning mathematics teaches us to think in a logical way and encourages the development of skills to solve problems and help decision making. Without mathematics, human beings could not count, or analyze the things around them, or perform activities that lead them to use them in something as simple as preparing food, managing money, calculating a distance, to mention some. In general, everything around us has a little mathematics. With mathematics we acquire life skills and it is difficult to think about an area that has nothing to do with them. You could also apply mathematics in the daily living, since without them we would not know how to count and determine other necessary things. Mathematics is a basic area of life, since everything is represented in numbers, from a date to the years that the person has and even for example a simple figure such as the triangle (since you know it has three sides) and know that You have to use the geometry to find the size of the figure and the interior angles. We can establish that mathematics has different branches and that in these branches we learn as adding, subtracting, multiplying, dividing, the distance between objects or people, geometric, flat and superficial figures, the amount of money used in one day, One month or one year. This teaches us the different ways of being able to get the number or result you need from a mathematical problem. Also with this we can have a deep mind full of many knowledge, it helps us to make faster decisions, since you sometimes use mentally calculated percentages to make important or significant decisions. These also allow you to function to continue with everyday life. We could even stipulate that if you want to obtain a business, mathematics is used, since you have to use different mathematical operations and/or branches of mathematics to be able to reach the achievement or goal you want to obtain in the same.

Mathematics are the fundamental basis of the administration of a business or company. Mathematical calculations help determine, using the amounts of income, expenses and profits, which serve us for decision making. Mathematics in the administration can also help us provide a specific vision through mathematical models, determination of operational results and to quantify or measure, through processes that entail logic.

In conclusion, everything we do in our daily lives entails some mathematics, either of analysis, some subtraction or sum when we buy items or make some bank transaction, when they prepare food we need to know measured such as ounces, grams, milliliters, pounds between other measures to be used in the realization of them. It is important to have knowledge of mathematics in order to calculate what we need daily to resolve in our daily lives.

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