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The structure of companies and their importance
Companies seek to minimize risks and meet the established goals based on implementation of an organizational structure which determines the command chain. García (2018) states that, "the organizational structure or organizational structure defines the characteristics of the company’s organization and has the mission of establishing authority, hierarchy, levels, departments, among other things". The organizations and/or companies formalize their structures based on the tasks or activities that they aspire to make that allow them to set their functions. This process stipulates a precise order that promotes the effectiveness and productivity according to the business objectives established by the organization and/or company, García (2018). According to García (2018), the organizational structure is also defined as the hierarchical system selected by which the business efforts that contribute to the growth of the company are carried out. All people who make up the work team must be clear about their function within the established order where the action is exercised and is aimed at the results.
According to the article types of organizational structures, which is the best for your company (S.F.) of Obsass School, reviews that there are different types of organizational structures, among them; (1) hierarchical, (2) matriarchal, (3) horizontal or functional and (4) online or staff. Some of the characteristics that make up these types of structures reviewed in the aforementioned article are the following:
1. Hierarchical: It is the oldest type of organizational structure. It is reflected as a type of pyramid, where the position on the cusp has the authority and directs the organization. Through this type of structure you can promote the excessive use of power and authority.
two. Matriarchal: An organization with this type of structure presents two lines of command to which employees respond. These command chains establish the order based on functions or departments. In addition, they combine employees from different departments to form a team led by a specialist in the assigned area, Riquelme (2017). Usually, the organization ends when the project is met.
3. Horizontal or functional: The objective of this type of organization is to meet the needs of the different levels of command led by specialists in each area, according to the article types of organizational structures, which is the best for your company (S.F.) From Obsless School. This type of structure is focused on results.
4. Line or "staff": according to the article types of organizational structures, which is the best for your company (S.F.) of Obsass School, this type of structure links direct authority relations with the advice exercised by agents external to the company. This allows resources to be used more effectively, complying with organizational objectives.
The types of hierarchy and horizontal structures have been studied to analyze the behavior of the equipment and evaluate effectiveness regarding the fulfillment of the objectives. Rojas (2010) affirms that the book "The Spider and the Star of the Sea", by Ori Brafman and Rod a. Beckstrom, establishes an analysis of organizational structures using comparisons with sea stars and spiders. The oldest, hierarchical structure, contrasts with the spider for its level of centralization. Rojas (2010) reviews that a spider is an organism that consists of a head, eight legs and eight eyes; that cut her head stops living. Organizations that have this type of structure is centralized and depends or governed by everything that establishes the one that leads it. The head refers to the "boss" or leader and legs, the different departments or areas of the company. The structure with this type of organization does not allow the inclusion of opinions and/or decision making by employees, it only focuses on the direction and decisions by the leader, García (2018). According to the article types of organizations of vertical, horizontal and flat works (S.F.) of the Edenred portal, some of the advantages are (1) control, (2) task distribution, (3) specialization, (4) efficacy and (5) Employee promotion. Some of the disadvantages of this type of structure are; (1) Bureaucratization, (2) Salary cost, (3) Loss of opportunities and efficacy and (5) demotivation.
The star -type structure refers to the horizontal structure, a decentralized, says Rojas (2010). Rojas (2010) affirms that the book "The Spider and the Star of the Sea", by Ori Brafman and Rod a. Beckstrom, establishes a sea star has no head, has a body and several legs, but it is far from the spider. The sea star regenerates in case of losing a leg and a new sea star from the cut leg can even be born. The analogy of the sea star regarding the horizontal structure, demonstrates that it is decentralized. According to the article types of organizations of vertical, horizontal and flat works (S.F.) From the Edenred portal, under this structure it is leading with the example, there is effective communication, they adapt to the changes and above all, it encourages the collaboration of the work teams. Some of the advantages that this type of structure presents are; (1) Satisfaction, (2) Cooperation, (3) Agility and (4) Innovation, is stated in the aforementioned article. On the other hand, the disadvantages that are presented are; (1) Overlap, (2) Low promotion and (3) uncontrol.
The organizations, today, face great challenges, so the determination of the organizational structure is vital, García (2018). Rojas (2010) The types of organizational structures are directly linked to the type of leadership of the person who directs it. I have had the opportunity to work in different organizations, some have been spider and others, Mar de Mar. Definitely the satisfaction level of each of those who worked under the type of sea star, was much higher since it was opened for opinions and decision making. This does not mean that it is the best model, each structure will depend on the business perspective of the founder or who leads it, based on the business objectives.