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The stage of adolescence and implications in growth
According to the World Health Organization "Adolescence is the period of growth and human development that occurs after childhood and before adulthood, between 10 and 19 years" (WHO), and is marked by the arrivalof puberty where accelerated growth and development and many physical and hormonal changes occur.
Puberty as a biological determinant may appear at any time between 8 and 15 years. In general, girls begin and end the process before boys. However, this period can vary from one child to another.
Although adolescence is intimately marked by the arrival of physical changes, the biological factor is not the only thing that influences, since there are physically children who are of the same age, but they have a different physical and emotional development, which demonstratesThat each individual develops in different times and spaces, so it is not a general rule or an exact date on which such capacities have to be achieved, it is according to each person, and each individual has a way of acting andcope with things differently, influenced by external agents around him, such as climate, culture, even family and socio -economic factors.
During adolescence people begin to have significant changes in their personality, the first emotional and sexual relationships appear, at this stage values, social interactions are strengthened, and the basis for optimal personal development is beginning to be created individually andIn society, and the short, medium and long term life projects begin to be defined, and a stable and independent role is reached in the society to which they belong.
At this stage there is also an attraction towards everything that provides an adrenaline discharge, interest in prohibited and risky things begins, and a feeling of rebellion is often experienced against what has already been established and, especially, against any form ofPower, and a clear emotional instability is also manifested, the fear of personal and academic future or insecurity for its own image is generally presented for the first time, which can be an overwhelming experience.
During this stage, brain development is carried out and with it many modifications arrive in its structure that allow these behavioral changes to be explained, during these changes the information processing is also favored in a more intense and effective way (Beatriz Quiroga, 2017).
That is, teenager has before him a series of personal challenges, dreams, goals, self-knowledge, emotional maturity and self-realization, at the same time, his immaturity can lead him to make risky decisions, such as developing unhealthy habits or dangerous interpersonal relationships, so it is important to evaluate and to adolescents who help develop positive risk factors.
The importance of studying and knowing these behaviors and detecting risk factors at this stage is that it allows adults positively influence young people, since at this stage it is where the behavior patterns that will define them are established in ageAdult, development experiences are also produced in different areas such as physical, sexual, and emotional, where the acquisition of skills for socialization, social and economic independence, and maturity for the establishment of future relationships are developed.
That is why adolescents depend on their environment, their family, school, their friends, to develop skills that allow them to make a satisfactory transition from childhood to adulthood.
And to avoid the risks it is very convenient that every teenager has the support of his circle of trust, so they can have greater security, and they will have a place where they can clear their doubts about what is correct and what not, talk about whatIt happens to you or ask for an opinion based on experience before making a hurried decision.
It is essential to take into account that adolescence is an extremely important stage to study, since it is quite interesting to know that in itself it does not begin at the same age in all cases, but that it begins with the changes, not only physical but also a changeof thought and different things begin to get attention and every certain time you change your tastes again.
It is also worth mentioning that it is already important, that there are young people who may need our support. It has come to pass that several young people are scared when seeing changes in their bodies many ask questions of how is the beard growing so much? Or in the case of women who arrive their period are scared because they do not explain that it is part of moving to the stage of being a teenager, in short it is very important to mention all this kind of thing and not only with young people, but alsoWith parents so that they can help their children to cope with this stage in the best way.
The important and ideal thing would be that to have optimal and integral development, adolescents, as the potatoes had the opportunity to instruct themselves to be able to help, support and guide themselves, because we also know that there are other factors that influence the development of adolescents, do notIt is only the internal and personal factor, but also the external factors such as family, school, friends and, in itself in general. Sometimes influence in a favorable or unfavorable way in their optimal development.
It is important to have the knowledge of this stage to have mature, instructed decision making, responsible for what you want to achieve in the future.