- Show more
THE SPANISH LANGUAGE AS A ACADEMIC SUBJECT
The Spanish language is an academic subject whose objective is to teach students to communicate correctly, orally and written, in the Spanish language. To this end, he imparts, jointly, the reading, spelling and grammar fields, thus managing to create adequate communicative competence.
Spanish is the object of study of the Spanish language, but what is known about the history of this language? To answer this question, it should first enter into context with that language.
Spanish is the fourth most spoken language in the world. It is derived from Latin, so it is said that it is coming from centuries of evolution of this language (approximately from the third century), like many of the other romance languages. Use the Latin alphabet, which consists of 27 letters, and has a somewhat more complex grammar than other languages, such as English.
As for its history, this language found its origin in the central zone of Hispania (name with which the Romans designated the Iberian Peninsula), derived exactly from the vulgar Latin, since, after the fall of the Roman Empire, thespeakers of Latin cult were progressively decreasing, until this variant disappear. Therefore, non -cultured Latin was the basis for Hispanic romance languages, including Spanish.
Later, in the seventh century, the Muslim invasion of the Iberian Peninsula caused it to be divided into two areas: al-Andalus, where Mozarabic and the languages of the invaders were spoken;and the area in which the Christian kingdoms emerged, in which certain romances were spoken, such as Catalan and Castilian.
At the end of the eleventh century there was a linguistic leveling of the dialects present in the Iberian Peninsula. That is, these variants began to approach each other, thus reaching to eliminate some differences and look more like. In this way a common language appeared: Spanish. There are those who say that the Mozarabic of Toledo had some influence on its creation, while other experts in Philology (field that studies the writings) argue that Spanish was the dialect that most influenced its origin most.
During the reign of Alfonso X of Castile a very important event occurred that gave relevance to Spanish. It happens that Spanish (dialect that influenced the creation of Spanish) was considered a prosaic and uncultured language that was used in the songs of Gesta, so the language used by educated people and Christian Europe was Latin was. Because of this there was a great astonishment when the aforementioned king decided that a large part of the high -class works were made in Spanish. This event allowed the Spanish to be recognized and to be considered at the same height as Latin.
The Spanish had its extension during the last period of the Middle Ages, due to the expansion of the Christian kingdoms present in the Peninsula. Other events made a great contribution to this extension, such as the inclusion of a Castilian dynasty to the crown of Aragon, and the peninsular union with the Catholic Monarchs. All these details helped the linguistic leveling of the dialects in different kingdoms.
Already for the fifteenth century the Spanish language was present in much of the Iberian Peninsula. In 1472 the first book in Spanish appeared and later, in 1492, the first work that was dedicated to the study of Spanish and its rules was published in Salamanca (a city of Spain). This writing was called Grammatica, and was written by Antonio de Nebrija.
In the mid -16th century, approximately 80 % of the people in Spain spoke Spanish. At this time the consonant readjustment began, in which a cut of the consonants Sibilantes was made that served to consolidate modern Spanish.
The expansion of the Spanish language continued with the colonization of America in the 16th century, extending throughout the American continent. In this way he expanded his vocabulary taking linguistic loans from native language, such as Aimara and Nahuatl.
The Spanish had a great boom in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, in which the journalistic (public and private) writings began in this language. The first one was "Gazeta Nueva", published in Madrid in 1661 by Julián Paredes. Later, other publications were made in different places in Spain, such as Salamanca, Seville, Granada, León and Zaragoza.
It should be noted that the Spanish language had (and still has) a large number of variations according to the country of origin of the speaker. These variations consist of different pronunciations and vocabularies, and do not occur only in the Spanish language. Another point to highlight is the fact that, during its expansion around the world, due to interaction with native languages, it adopted certain words a little away from its Latin origin.
In conclusion, Spanish is a universal language that was born in the Iberian Peninsula as a derivative of vulgar Latin. Many dialects served him as a slope to consolidate the structure he has today, such as Mozarabic, Spanish and Catalan Language. At first it was not very accepted because it was considered a very prosaic language, but after members of different monarchies were approved, it began to extend worldwide, starting with America during the colonization of this