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The Spanish development of a Spanish dialect
The first inhabitants of the Iberian Peninsula of which you have news spoke various languages; Celtic, Ligures, Iberian, etc. But the knowledge of them is scarce and confusing. In the seventh century to.C. A new Phoenician town began a great domination from the south of the Iberian Peninsula. This domination resulted in an important event for the future Spanish nation: the presence in Iberian soil of Roman people, language and culture. The Iberian Peninsula was Roman from the end of the second century to.C until the beginning of the 5th century.C. And the mark was so great that the Roman civilization left that I almost forgotten the previous culture and it was definitely marked by it everything that came after.
In the year 218 to.C A Roman army came to fight against the Carthaginians, that was how a domination began to last six centuries. Hispania was declared a Roman province and the Hispanics were forced to learn among many things the language of these, but what language did the Romans speak?
As the city of Rome is located in the Latium region its language has been called Latina. Latin is an italic language in turn the italic was a branch of ancient trunk
Indo -European. Everything that is died in Indo -European legues is to be of a very remote era before. Within this family tree, Latin had a singular destination. It began as the language of a region in the center of the italic peninsula and became the league of the greatest empire known in ancient times.
But this life of Latin was completely artificial unlike the true continuation that are the neolatin languages that is to say new Latin languages or also called Romanesses or romances.
The basis of the Spanish language is the vulgar Latin spoken in Spain since the end of the third century to.C. The documents we have of Latin come from literary texts but to know the origins of our language we must imagine how the men and women of the empire spoke. But the vulgar Latin provided different modalities according to the places but when the fifth century arrived the invasion of the Roman provinces of the West by the Germanic people isolated each province of the others and grabbed more strength the Latin spoken in each of them. But before the invasions of the 5th century the general of the empire had taken from the Germanic words that still live in romantic languages, others joined in the time of the Visigoths.
During the Visigothic era in Hispania the growth of the vulgarism of Latin spoken in it began. However, until after several centuries, the different dialects are not clarified sufficiently. Around 950 two thirds of the Peninsula is to the power of Muslims and their dominant language is the vulgar Latin and as these Hispanics who lived in the Arab territory were called Mozarabes, Mozarabic is the name that is also given to their language. The Mozarabic was disappearing according to the advances of the reconquest since they were incorporated into the Christian kingdoms of the North and adopted their language that was other romances. And one of these romances would be to give rise to Spanish.
Spanish is also called Spanish. The first news of the existence of the Castilian dialect corresponds to the 10th century. At first it was just a dialect that was discussed in some valleys of Northeast Burgos, bordering on the Cantabrian and Basque religion. Now the question arises, how Spanish grew from its humble cradle until it became one of the great languages of the world?
The Castilian dialect presented a very marked personality in front of the other peninsular dialects. This was formed in weakly Romanized areas, so I was more alive in the memory of old languages. As Castilla increased his political power, Spanish was enriched with numerous words. This is deduced by the double action carried out by Spanish: degrading action and integrative action This was a consequence of the development of Catilla as a political power. But the major consequence was the transformation of the Spanish dialect to a true language. The fact of using Spanish as a cultured language led to enrichment in vocabulary and in the way of expressing itself, from here Spanish was a useful instrument of expressiveness as demonstrated by the later centuries and a peak work: La Celestina (1499 ) And for this same time Antonio de Nebrija had already written the first grammar of Spanish (1492).
In the year 1713 the Royal Spanish Academy was founded under the initiative of Juan Manuel Fernández Pacheco and Felipe V approved its Constitution on October 3, 1714 Lower its protection and real protection. His first task was to set the language and punish the changes that speakers had made of their language over the centuries. At this time the phonetic and morphological changes had ended and the simple time verbal system that was the same that you have been in force until the end of the 20th century. Today in the world there are five thousand languages divided into many dialects, but the Spanish language is spoken in many countries. Spanish is by number of speakers the third language of the world.