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The sculpture of the Polylet Doriforus and the type of art exposed
Before starting to comment on the sculpture of the Polylet Doriforus, we will analyze the type of art to which we are exposed. It is generally a very old art, but we are specifically facing a Greek art movement in the classical period. Ancient art originates in ancient age and is born from the beginning of art history approximately in VI to.C until the defeat of the Roman Empire in the west occurred in the 5th century. Ancient art created a division in art history, since then, it only focuses on the study and interpretation of the works. "It is considered as the division of art history that focuses on its formal, technical, structural, and ideological (iconographic, iconological) study and interpretation and its historical explanation" ("What is ancient art?”, S/f).
As for Greek art, mainly starring the representation of human figures in all their aspects (movements, emotions, etc.) thus associating myths, the daily life of people and literature. "Greek art was characterized, by the tireless search for ideal beauty, imagining and representing a perfect world based on the Platonic world" ("What is Greek art?”, S/f). Some of the characteristics of Greek art are: highlights perfection and aesthetic idealism, human figures sculpted perfectly, anthropocentrism, manifest of idealized nature, knowledge of anatomy to better represent the body, the representation of mythology and manyplus.
The sculpture that we are going to comment below belongs to the classical stage of Greek art that covers the S. V until the IV A.C Where the decoration of ceramics develops and red figures appear, apart, the sculptures begin to have other types of characteristics used. At this stage the sculptures are known for being copies of the Roman era. It should be noted that there are hardly any original sculptures of this era;Many were lost in the Middle Ages, others made of marble were converted into lime, bronze those melted as well as many others made of gold and ivory ended. One of the most important representatives of the classical era was Polylet.
Polyte was a Greek sculptor born in Argos (Greece) in the year 480.C and died in 420 to.C. This Greek sculptor was famous especially for creating statues of gods and athletes made in bronze. On the part, he was a great mathematician, thus, he got his sculptures more perfect, this was how the treaty called ‘canon’ (norm or rule) was born “in which the beautiful, the good artistically, it is defined pythagorerly as an ordination, a harmony of clearly definable parts, giving the body an ideal conception, a norm that reflects the essentials of man, with the expression of these ideals in the practical realization of his works ”(“ Políleto ”, s/f). One of the most outstanding sculptures of Polylet is Doriforous.
Doriforus also known as the "spear bearer" is a sculpture in the form of an athlete man made during the 450s to.C and 440 A.C sculpted by Políc. This sculpture is the work most marked by the canon theory (mentioned above) of a man’s beauty. The material used for this work of art was bronze, with a total height of 213 centimeters.
Next we are going to describe Doriforus, the sculpture is a young naked athlete with a strong (muscular) physicist located standing and moving. His posture represents what is called counterposs (‘opposite’) Greek sculptors began using this technique to feel their sculptures, since they were all straight and with both feet on the ground, therefore, the legleft is the one that is in motion and the right leg supports the weight of man.
His head is tilting and looking to the right side and it can be said that his face is inexpressive. In general, his entire body is inclined to the same side, the right. His left hand is the one that in principles carried the spear, for this reason he has the rise hand holding something that right now the statue does not possess. The spear must miss over time. As for the height as we said, the statue measures 2.13 meters, it is important. Doriforo still has archaic features, since it is carved with rudeness, the pecs are flat, but the waist and hip lines are strongly marked.
Last and not least, it should be noted that this sculpture was found in the 16th century in very bad condition, therefore it could not be restored and several Roman copies in marble were created, it is known that there are several copies. Without a doubt, the best copy of all is the one found in Pompeii in 1797, it is currently in the Naples Museum. Karl Friederichs, it was a German archaeologist who in 1863 confirmed that this copy was a copy of dorifore but with modifications. These modifications were: the sculpture was not bronze marble, difference in the height of the statue, is now 210 centimeters on a 142 cm pedestal. It is also said that the right arm and left hand were restored and a fissure was fixed under the knee.
Other copies that are known are in:
A copy at the Minneapolis Institute of Arts in the United States, two copies preserved in the Uffizi gallery in Florence, a copy of the dorifore found in Villa Adriana that is currently preserved in the Braccio Nuovo gallery, inThe Vatican museums. And finally, the torso and a foot found in Spain.
- "What is ancient art?". (s/f). Ancient art, what is? Types of art. Information recovered from https: // typesdearte.com/art-antiguo-que-es/## Forward
- "What is Greek art?. (s/f). Greek art What is it? Times, representatives and exponents. Types of art. Information from https: // typesdearte.com/art-rrigue-que-es/
- "Greek classic art". (s/f). Decorate with art. Recovered from https: // www.Decorate you.com/pages-de-histororia-del-arte/art-classic-rgue
- "Polylet" (s/f). The biographies website. Information from http: // www.McNbiografias.com/app-bio/do/show?Key = Police
- Vv. Aa.,A copy of the dorifore in the maritime hot springs of Baelo Claudia, P.1307, in Proceedings of the XVIII International Congress of Classical Archeology, Volume II, PP.1303-1308,