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The roots of a conflict that I end up in time: Arab-Israeli War
The conflict between Arabs and Hebrews lies in the dispute of these two peoples that coexist in the same territory, to be exact the currently known state of Israel, in which both proclaim it as their own for various reasons, to say an example because their religionIt dictates it as is the case of the Jews or because they have lived there for centuries as Palestine expresses (Brieger, 2010) but what brought with it was only death and destruction to both populations because that disagreement between them would drag a catastrophic war. To better understand the development of war, it is important to mention the European political situation of the twentieth century that was based on the rise of democracy and the appearance of nationalism with political ideologies such as Nazism, which reinforced the anti -Semitism that existed in Russia, transforming it into A holocaust based on the persecution and murder of approximately six million Jews (commemorative museum of the Holocaust, 2014), that fact reason to the Jews to seek a territory in which they felt safe, and therefore explained and also for the foul From the knowledge of the East because as indicated by source 1 it was an unknown world for many Europeans, which took thousands of Jews to reach Palestine with the idea of forming a state only for Jews but this was not liked by the Palestinians , producing grescas and situations prior to war, but in 1948 the state of Israel was born by immediate action of resolution 181 of the UNI nations das (source 2) that would divide the territory into two states, one for the Jews and one for the Palestinians and leave Jerusalem and Bethlehem as international territory administered by the United Nations, this would not be accepted by the Arabs-Palestinians who would begin the attacks and they would declare war to the "new" state of Israel.
Even so, to understand the origins of this conflict it is important.
The political Zionist movement
This movement as indicated by source 1 was born in response to the persecutions that the Jews suffered in Western Europe, the Zionism rooted the definition of the National Liberation Movement of the Jewish People as its founders as Teodoro Herzl mentioned that "Judeophobia isAn inherited and incurable psychosis¨.
This group of European Jewish scholarthat the Jewish people unify in a single Jewish state that is faithful to the European capitalist style in which the society presents bourgeois, workers and peasants (Brieger, 2010).However, seen from the other perspective, some Arabs believed that Zionism was an invention of the English to leave the Arab world, or not what is true is that the cradle of Zionism was the rise of capitalism and the appropriation of coloniesby the European powers, which if it was related to the support I needed to achieve that territory. Despite that political Zionism had two main problems. The first was that I did not try to create that state in a territory where more Jews such as Russia or Poland inhabited in which there could be: ¨Alled the right to self-determination of peoples (Brieger, 2010) ¨ and the second problem was that they wanted to createThe new state in a place where there were practically no Jews and there was a dense Palestinian population of approximately 80,000
The role that this movement that followed the colonial European worldview was important because it meant an ideological cause on the part of the Jews to appropriate Palestine that according to them should be theirs because it represented their "historical homeland" also sionism gave it a moral justification forEstablish the new Jewish people in Palestine because they had suffered famine and desolation so they needed an exclusive territory for them that guaranteed the security they needed, but this does not take into account the existence of another population in "Tierra Santa" according to traditions according to traditionsReligious.
Sykes-Picot Agreement and Balfour Declaration
It is important to highlight who belonged to this territory disputed, because despite the fact that the inhabitants were mostly Palestinians they were not autonomous and independent. The vast territory once belonged to the great Ottoman Empire but already with the disintegration of the empire in 1916, countries such as France and the United Kingdom agreed together with the Nations Society and the Secret Pact ¨Sykes-Picot¨ that Palestine, Syria, Iraq and Lebanon would be under English and French jurisdiction, despite the fact that the Arabs had been promised an independent Arab state if they raised the Ottomans (Europa Press, 2016), the objective of the English in Palestine was to occupy geostrategic places andcommercially accessible .In 1917 the British began to occupy Palestine and that same year the "Balfour" Declaration was signed where the British government promised to support the creation of a home for the Jews in Palestine, which was part of its colonies, from here it is whenSome Jews began to mobilize to Palestine taking this statement as a legal basis, at the end of World War I, the winning powers arbitrarily limited these territories and did not fulfill their liberal promise towards the Arabs. Continuing with the protocol, in 1920 United Kingdom commanded Herbert Samuel as his representative to govern Palestine. Herbert was Jewish and supported the Zionist movement but it was not until July 24, 1922 when the League of Nations legally granted the Palestine British
The importance of this fact was that the Jews took legitimacy and extremely certainty the English support, so they decided to occupy the terrain little by little despite the fact that only years later Palestine was legally granted to the United Kingdom, in addition this fact represents a bad managementof the Division of the Region in 1916 and an ambiguity in the English negotiations, which on the one hand promised freedom and independence to the Arabs, which never arrived, and at the same time a land for the Jews in the East that logically both promises were contradictoryamong themselves, generating a dispute that would be unsolved years later.
World War II and the Role of the United Nations
Israelis migrations to Palestine increased with the arrival of Adolf Hitler to German power, which was aggravating the situation by bringing disputes and revolts between the two.
Because of the complicity of World War II, the United Kingdom intended to leave Palestine. When war completed, Great Britain decided to leave the problem of coexistence of both religions in the hands of the United Nations. In 1947 the UN decides to divide the territory into two states, one for Jews and one for Arabs by applying resolution 181 and as the source two would punish the: ¨ Breaking of peace or act of aggression, in accordance with article 39 of theLetter, all attempts aimed at forceing the arrangement provided by this resolution¨ (General Assembly, 1947) but this did not happen because this document only served as a trigger for the conflict because more land was given to the Jews than the Jews than thePalestinians, which finally generated a war between the two. During this conflict, Israel took 77% of the territory and more than 700.000 Palestinians became refugees in neighboring countries.
In conclusion, I can say that the background of the conflict greatly influenced the development of the conflict because I provide the context and the appropriate circumstances for it to develop based on the bad English management until the massive arrival of Jews to the territory, I consider that without thesepreviously raised situations are essential for the conflict to be carried out.
- general Assembly. (1947). Resolution 181 ¨ United Nations Plan for Palestine Partition¨. New York: United Nations Organization . Obtained from File: /// C:/Users/Hector/Desktop/Source%202%20In Research%20 Historica.PDF
- Brieger, p. (2010). The Palestinian-Israeli conflict 100 questions and answers. Buenos Aires, Argentina: intellectual capital. Retrieved 2018, from http: // www.Stes.is/Ceuta/Files/Brieger.PDF
- Brieger, p. (2010). The Palestinian-Israeli conflict 100 questions and answers . Buenos Aires, Argentina: intellectual capital.
- Europa Press. (30 of 05 of 2016). Europa Press . Retrieved on 09, 2018, from International: http: // www.Europa Press.ES/INTERNATIONAL/NEWS-CUAL-ORIGEN-CONFICT-PALETINO-ISRAELI-20140729083033.HTML
- Holocaust commemorative museum. (2014). The Holocaust. New York. Obtained from https: // enyclopedia.Ushmm.org/content/es/articles/introduction-to-the-holocaust
- Ocaña, j. C. (17 of 08 of 2003). Storiesiglo20.org. Retrieved on 09, 2018, from http: // www.storiesiglo20.org/Glos/Antecarabeisraeli.htm