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The role of socialization in our lives
Something that we must be very clear is that we from the moment we are born are already human beings, that we need the support of others because we have the purpose of living in a social world. I could also say that this ‘social being’ begins to create, in ourselves, through the interaction we maintain with others in the same place. And this occurs thanks to a continuous process, called socialization. Jódar, points out: the relationships between the individual and society can be compared, in a way, with those of a child and his mother. Among them you can establish emotional ties as well as certain rules that society impose them can be accepted or reject.
Before continuing we must know the meaning of socialization to have a better understanding of the subject, so what is socialization? Socialization, according to Duskin, is the process by which children develop habits, skills, values and motives that are the productive and responsible members of society. There are millions of ways in which one performs this process, these range from a baby asking something to their mother, to a young man talking with a partner about what will enter his next exam, that is that simple is to socialize. As for the interaction, this is part of the process by the requirement we communicate socially objectively, and that in turn, we provide the ability to adapt to a social space where there are people and groups that depend on being communicated.
There are two types of socialization, we begin to mention primary socialization: this begins in childhood, during the first years of life, where its direct and initial relationship is with the family;Here the child prepares to relate to the outside world and thus become one more member in society. The main manifestations that occur of this social group are: language, customs, understanding norms and values, among others. Then we have secondary socialization: this begins to have finished childhood and the principles of childhood occur. Here we have an already socialized infant, which is very clear that reality is not just the world of their peers or family.
Some of the socializing agents that are seen within this second type are: school, friends, media, etc. Socialization agents What are socializing agents? They are groups of people or organizations that help the growth of a person in their state of development and influence also in the behavior of the same. The main agents are: family, school, peer group and media. Regarding the family, he believes that this agent is the most important of all, not only because he is the one who has a first contact with the person or because he influences for much longer than any other but because it is the one who develops a strong affective bond withthe individual. The family is also present at the most crucial stage of the person, such as adolescence.
Then there is the school, this becomes the agent who complements what has previously learned with the family, its fundamental function is the teaching of the communicative skills necessary to the individual so that it can be interrelated in a simpler way with others. It is precisely here where we find the third agent: the peer group. The peer group is in other words ‘The group of friends’. These are those who share age and interests with the infant. When the adolescence stage is reached, they are the main agent, since he greatly influences his personality and can even change his way of thinking. Finally, we have the media, these include television programs, magazines, radios, websites, among others.
There is usually a concern in parents when they find their children watching a television program can alter their behavior or the training of their personality, because in childhood and adolescence, it is where there are more influence on the part of this agent. Manifestations of socialization There are also manifestations of socialization, within these is imitation, according to Bonilla is the spontaneous and intentional reproduction of the acts performed by other. Half imitation is due to fashion, such as: choose a hairstyle or garment in trend. There are also customs, they are forms of behavior assumed by members of a community. In the same way, they could say that they are life forms established for a long period of time.
The examples of customs are: yield the seat to the elderly, always thank, lunch at a certain hour, etc. Then we have the language, a set of oral or writing signs that man has created to communicate with his equivalents;Within the socialization process, understanding among people makes possible, therefore, it is a decisive factor in this process. And finally, beliefs, thoughts with a strong affective that are acquired through learning and socialization. It is understood as conviction, faith or persuasion towards something, as well as religious beliefs or superstitions.
Finally, we can rescue that the human being will always need the support of another social being to learn within a society. In the same way, then we have the set of oral or writing signs that man has created to communicate with his equivalents;Within the socialization process, understanding among people makes possible, therefore, it is a decisive factor in this process. And finally, beliefs, thoughts with a strong affective that are acquired through learning and socialization. It is understood as conviction, faith or persuasion towards something, as well as religious beliefs or superstitions.