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The role of social protest against post -conflict
The collective action plays a decisive role after the signing of the peace agreements signed by the Colombian government and the revolutionary armed forces of Colombia (FARC) because citizens reaffirm their discontent through protest, in addition it gives them voices, spaces ofCommunion and creates communication channels, said this can be asked what will be the development of these next scenarios of social confrontations and what effects have territorial peace and the post peace agreement in their development?. To answer the previous question, some conceptual observations will be presented in the following document that seek to answer, later some positive and negative aspects of the effects that the post agreement and territorial peace have in front of social movements and finally will be raised and finallyconclusions will be presented to close the central idea of the text.
To begin with, it is necessary to define some terms that, in addition to being important in the subject, will create a context that will subsequently support the response above:
What is meant by social protest?
For this document, Max Webber’s definition is taken into account when he points out that: “It is a collective action that intentionally expresses demands and/or presses solutions to the State – in its various levels -, private entities or individuals (Weber, 2013)”, This concept is currently relevant because it is necessary and because it is transversal in areas such as sociology and history.
What is understood by conflict?
In the first extent, it should be noted that the conflict per se does not have a negative connotation because this is inherent in the human condition, we are conflicting beings because we are human beings, the conflict is born from the various opinions, points of view and disagreements, so that theJust expressing and communicating our ideas generates conflict, but this conflict also constitutes democracy, this is not fortuitous because in history important authors such as Locke or Kant pointed out that the conflict is good while allowing to build, said the above theConflict is based on inequality and becomes a struggle in front of this setting the search for equality, later when equality was born as a principle, it is based on the rule of law and consequently democracy legitimizes instances of participation in theconflicts due to its most primitive essence such as equality.
At this point it is important to highlight Touraine’s opinion because for him the conflict is essential for democracy because it is thanks to the conflict that there is social participation and the relationship becomes directly proportional, that is, to greater democratic pressure plus democracy for the people andConsequently, more institutions will be created and class struggle will be reaffirmed.
Political institutions must also be transformed to the extent of the demands of the social groups, because these require changes so that later these same institutions are that resolve that social conflict, then these same social conglomerates will seek more political participation or in their absence they seek to identifyThrough political representation, for this point it is important to bring up that these social movements in the protest seek mainly more participation or be legitimately recognized in the face of social inequalities that hinder their quality of life and at a certain point they could affect the same state legitimacy whenCitizens do not feel represented and therefore have no voice to decisions that positively or negatively could affect their lives.
The political cycle of protest and peace agreements
The protest is the perfect scenario to democratize the social conflict, the requirements and requests of the subjects participating in it starFind challenges in the ability to information that actors in the protest already know through press, social networks or television. This scenario is relatively new since the political enforceability of social groups is even more latent and stronger than in previous decades.
The above involves a challenge of high transparency and full political legitimacy in the relations of being penalty of impairing the already questioned paternal role of the State.
For the peace agreements, the protest is present because it represents the confrontation of political society and civil society, the first who through a political agreement find validity in the events of an event that for better or badly marks theDestination of many citizens, especially those of populations away from the great Colombian cities and the second because in a peace scenario it has few external pressures to go out to demand their rights through the use of protests, so the speech used by these groupsIn the protests it is the discourse of the oppressed, of the subject excluded from the political decisions, finds in these marches, an exit that intends to alter the same sociology of the conflict, where their interests are also taken into account in the middle of the community.
On the other hand, the complexity of the causes that lead to social protest makes it difficult.’Ricardo Peñaranda also points out that the power that armed groups handle the act of social protest is barely permeated because the basic needs of the population still are not covered, that is, there is no co -responsibility between the elements that interfere with the conflict in the conflictarmed and the armed actors in it, it is also possible to determine that the disagreement between the social groups that exercise the protest and the armed groups materialize and validated through the protest.
However, there is a latent risk of canceling the protest action through the use of weapons and violence but history has shown that the more the use of violence is recurring, citizens insist much more strongly in the protest and that is that it is that it is thatThe actions of citizens against these fact that try to cancel their expression of freedom in protest has already been subject to research in areas such as sociology and psychology discovering that various variables show completely different results in each scenario.
The protest is reaffirmed in the process of social conflict as a catharsis between disagreements, inequality and inequality in the relationship of the State against citizens, they will make the protest the most generalized way of struggle, the most forceful and the one that themore unexpected effects
Positive aspects of post-agreement against social protests:
Post agreement and territorial peace harmoniously affect the right to peace, the first because through negotiation and the creation of opportunities for participation in the policy of groups outside the law, the imposition of ideas in front of theAnother group (for this example is the State) and because by participating in politics, spaces of communication and debate are created between the subjects and the second because for the Colombian case the territories and municipalities far from the big cities such as Bogotá, Cali or MedellínThey concentrate their budget in aspects of cultural and social interest, this approach to the human generates peace construction.
Faced with the right to protest, it is also possible to reaffirm and enshrine in the collective imaginary in a much stronger way through the peace agreements because only when peace is consolidated, it stops looking at the other problems of the other as exclusiveunique and individual and on the contrary they begin to share feelings of community and construction of social fabric in understanding that the ills or sufferings of a people affect all its members.
The constitutional promise of a fair society that guarantees human dignity, solidarity and work for which the Colombian State was created is even valid before the weighting of rights and distinction of the subjects, the above allows a establishment in order and guarantees thelegitimacy of institutions.
The ontological category regarding the relationship between the act, that is, the protest and the participants are validated through the right to freedom of expression and delimiting the conditions of the right to free expression would be avoiding the violation of other rights such asThe right to free locomotion, in this way, would be in perfect harmony with other rights, this idea finds support in the Inter -American Court of Human Rights when it states: "No human right is absolute".
Negative aspects of post-agreement against social protests:
The cultural element of intolerance by the institutions and state agents to criticof the peoples to express themselves and lift their voice of discontent against the actions of the State, for Clausewitch this is one of the most serious and most difficult types of violence to extinguish: cultural violence.
The above for the POS Agreement creates limiting in its implementation because the political decisions to provide access to the policy reintegration into civil life for the ex -combatants initially find lack of acceptance throughout the territory and the Colombian inhabitants, also question the sameLegitimacy and character of the political agreement.
That said, it is possible to establish that the indiscriminate and excessive use of force against protesters also breaks the constitutional order and the social contract because it distorts the human being as a central axis and the main objective in the power relations between government-feet.
Another negative point to keep in mind is that limiting the right to protest affects the purposes of social conglomerates because their participation in public policies decreases, these same groups feel affected by not being taken into account their interests and as a consequencedenatures democracy.
Distrust of institutions grows because when social protest is limited.
It is evident that the armed conflict permeates in various ways to the protest action because this affects its development from violence, fear and repression of the subjects who try to protest, this is no accident because it is a legacy that comes from the cold warWhere the march and protest were pointed out as a source of insurgency and subversion, the protest is also seen as the initiation of a social revolution, therefore the estate responds with strong repression and violence under penalty of permeating the status quo of capitalist society, if a little more is in this idea, the element of the use of violence as a tool for actors within the armed conflict is highlighted.
Therefore, the post -conflict presents the policy as a participation tool that precedes violence and is for mass use for the population because politics establishes communication and civilizes the conflict, but this idea must handle an integral process that eliminates the false imaginary the false imaginaryRelationship between protest with violence, and here the objective becomes clear: strengthening democracy through the transformation of protest as a right and not as a fact that has as a result of violent or vandalism acts.
The results of the social protest in Colombia after the peace agreement by government and the FARC are not forceful because on the one hand thanks to these, policies that could be harmful to the development of the communities have been arrested, on the other hand, also, alsoThese have caused an effect of lack of legitimacy in state institutions causing democratic instability and disgust.